Land Transport (Road User) Rule 2004

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Reprint as at 1 June 2013

Land Transport (Road User) Rule 2004

(SR 2004/427)


Changes authorised by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 have been made in this reprint.

A general outline of these changes is set out in the notes at the end of this reprint, together with other explanatory material about this reprint.

This rule is administered by the Ministry of Transport.

Pursuant to sections 152, 153, and 157 of the Land Transport Act 1998, the Minister for Transport Safety makes the following ordinary rule.


Part 1
Preliminary provisions

1.1 Title

1.2 Commencement

1.3 Objective

1.4 Consultation

1.5 Application

1.6 Interpretation

1.7 General responsibilities of road users

1.8 General exceptions

Part 2


2.1 Keeping left

2.2 Slow vehicle bays

2.3 Use of lanes

2.4 Route of driving at intersections marked or signed in lanes


2.5 Changing direction

2.5A Cyclists turning right at intersections


2.6 General requirements about passing other vehicles

2.7 Passing on right

2.8 Passing on left

2.9 Passing where roadway marked with no-passing line

2.10 Passing at school crossing point or pedestrian crossings

2.11 Passing at level crossings


2.12 Motorways


2.13 Driving along footpath

2.14 Driving on lawn, garden, or other cultivation

Part 3
Traffic signs and signals

Traffic control devices

3.1 General requirements about places controlled by traffic control devices

3.2 Traffic signals in form of disc

3.3 Traffic signals in form of arrow

3.4 Traffic signal in form of flashing yellow signal

3.5 Traffic signals in form of standing or walking human figure

3.6 Traffic signals in form of T or B

3.7 Traffic signals in form of cycle symbol

3.8 Hand-held stop signs

3.9 Crossing where school patrol operating

Drivers' signals

3.10 Drivers' signals

3.11 Driver must make way when signalled by vehicle displaying blue or red beacons

3.12 Driver must make way and stop for registered medical practitioners, nurses, or midwives, pilot vehicles, and accompanying overdimension vehicles when displaying beacons

Part 4
Stopping and giving way

4.1 Giving way where vehicles are controlled by stop sign or give-way sign

4.2 Giving way where vehicles are controlled by same type of sign or in absence of signs

4.3 Giving way where intersection controlled by enforcement officer

4.4 Giving way when entering or exiting driveway

4.5 Approaching and entering intersections

4.6 Roundabouts

4.7 Drivers and light rail vehicles

Part 5

5.1 Drivers must not exceed speed limits

5.2 Which speed limit prevails if more than 1 applies

5.3 Minimum speed limits

5.4 Speed limits for vehicles towing other vehicles

5.5 Speed limits for heavy motor vehicles

5.6 Speed limits relating to school buses

5.7 Speed limits for light rail vehicles

5.8 Speed limit where warning sign advises of accident, breakdown, or emergency

5.9 Stopping and following distances

5.10 Section 7(2) of Act

Part 6
Stopping and parking

6.1 Vehicles must be parked with due care and consideration

6.2 Parking vehicles off roadway

6.3 Parking close to corners, bends, etc

6.4 Parking contrary to notice, traffic sign, or marking

6.5 Parking on or near pedestrian crossings

6.6 Parking in special vehicle lane

6.7 Parking on traffic islands and flush medians

6.8 Parking near bus stops

6.9 Obstructing vehicle entrances and exits

6.10 Parking near fire hydrants

6.11 Double parking

6.12 Parallel parking

6.13 Parking at angle

6.14 Parking on footpaths or cycle paths

6.15 Parking on stopping places and stands

6.16 Parking on loading zone

6.17 Parking on or near level crossings

6.18 Parking goods vehicle at angle during hours of darkness

6.19 Parking trailers on roadway

6.20 Exceptions under this Part

Part 7
Driver responsibility and occupant protection

7.1 Riding dangerously

7.2 Use of doors

7.3 Unsafe vehicles and loads

7.3A Ban on use of mobile phones while driving

7.4 Noise

7.5 Emission of smoke or vapour from motor vehicles

7.6 Driver must ensure passengers under 5 years use child restraint

7.7 Driver must ensure passengers of or over 5 years but under 8 years use child restraint or seat belt

7.8 Driver must ensure passengers of 8 to 14 years wear seat belts

7.9 Driver must not permit passengers under 15 years to sit in front seat without child restraint or seat belt

7.10 Persons of or over 15 years must wear seat belts and keep them fastened

7.11 Exceptions to application of requirements relating to use of child restraints and seat belts

7.12 Safety helmets for all terrain vehicles, motorcycles, and mopeds

7.13 Exceptions from requirement to wear motorcycle safety helmet

7.14 Certificate of exemption

7.15 Driver or passenger must produce helmet for inspection

7.16 Dangerous substances on roads

7.17 Motor vehicles following other vehicles

7.18 Towing

7.19 Outriggers

7.20 Dual steering systems

7.21 Loaded firearms

7.22 Ridden and driven animals

7.23 Child safety locks in small passenger service vehicles

Part 8
Motor vehicles

8.1 Footrests

8.2 Means of entrance and exit

8.3 Use of motor vehicle lighting equipment on road

8.4 Use of optional lights

8.5 Use of beacons

8.6 Use of direction indicators as hazard warning

8.7 Use of motor vehicle lights on parked or standing vehicles

8.8 Windscreen must be kept clear

8.9 Motor vehicle must be kept in appropriate condition

8.10 Requirements for motor vehicles complying with static roll threshold

Part 9
Level crossings

9.1 General requirements for level crossings

9.2 Level crossings controlled by traffic signals or barriers

9.3 Level crossings where exit blocked by stationary traffic

9.4 Level crossing requirements applying to passenger service vehicles

9.5 Exceptions to level crossing requirements

Part 10
Pedestrian crossings

10.1 Pedestrian crossings

10.2 Shared zone

Part 11
Requirements for particular road users

Pedestrians and riders of mobility devices or wheeled recreational devices

11.1 Use of footpath and roadway

11.1A Use of shared path

11.2 Provisions relating to boarding light rail vehicles

11.3 Using crossings, underpasses, or footbridges

11.4 Crossing roadway

11.5 Entering crossings

11.6 Loitering on crossings or roadways

Cyclists and moped drivers

11.7 Carrying restrictions

11.8 Safety helmets for cyclists

11.9 Towing restrictions

11.10 Riding abreast

11.11 Riding cycles on footpaths, etc

11.12 Lighting and reflector requirements for cyclists

11.13 Lighting and reflector requirements for mopeds

Road users with animals

11.14 Use of road

11.15 Method of leading animal by rider

11.16 Lighting requirements for animal-drawn vehicles

Drivers of light rail vehicles

11.17 Drivers must enable other drivers to keep clear of light rail vehicles

Vehicles displaying blue or red beacons or sounding sirens

11.18 Application of clauses 3.1 to 3.4 and 3.6: traffic control devices and signals

11.19 Application of clauses 4.1 to 4.3, 4.5, and 4.6: crossing intersections

Schedule 1
Objective of rule

Schedule 2
Consultation carried out under section 161(2) of Act

Gazette information

Reprint notes