56 Offences requiring knowledge, intent, or recklessness

(1)

Every person commits an offence who, without authority from the landholder on whose land a walkway is located or, if relevant, the landholder of the land adjacent to the walkway,—

(a)

enters or remains on the walkway if the walkway—

(i)

is closed under section 38; or

(ii)

was closed under section 28 of the New Zealand Walkways Act 1990 and remains closed; or

(b)

interferes with or disturbs livestock or wildlife on or adjacent to the walkway; or

(c)

damages, destroys, or alters a structure that is on, over, or adjacent to the walkway.

(2)

Every person commits an offence who—

(a)

obstructs walking access on or over a walkway; or

(b)

after being required to remove an obstruction that is on or over a walkway by an enforcement officer or honorary enforcement officer, fails to remove the obstruction; or

(c)

makes a false report that an offence against section 54 or this section has been committed; or

(d)

annoys, disturbs, or endangers—

(i)

any person using a walkway; or

(ii)

an enforcement officer, an honorary enforcement officer, or the landholder on whose land a walkway is located or whose land adjoins a walkway; or

(e)

obstructs, threatens, or attempts to intimidate—

(i)

the landholder on whose land a walkway is located or whose land adjoins a walkway; or

(ii)

a person using a walkway; or

(f)

fails to comply with a requirement of an enforcement officer or honorary enforcement officer acting under section 51; or

(g)

impersonates or falsely represents himself or herself to be an enforcement officer or honorary enforcement officer or a person acting under the instructions of an officer; or

(h)

while an enforcement officer or honorary enforcement officer is acting in the exercise of his or her powers or in the discharge of his or her duties under this Part,—

(i)

obstructs, resists, threatens, or attempts to intimidate the officer or any person acting under the instructions of the officer; or

(ii)

uses language that is abusive or threatening to the officer or assisting person; or

(iii)

behaves in a threatening manner to the officer or assisting person.

(3)

In prosecuting an offence against subsection (1) or (2), the prosecution must prove that the defendant knowingly, intentionally, or recklessly committed the offence.

(4)

In this section,—

livestock has the same meaning as in section 2(1) of the Conservation Act 1987

obstructs includes erecting a false or misleading notice or sign on or adjacent to any walkway

wildlife has the same meaning as in section 2(1) of the Wildlife Act 1953.