Version as at 12 April 2022

Coat of Arms of New Zealand

Crown Minerals Act 1991

Public Act
 
1991 No 70
Date of assent
 
22 July 1991
Commencement
 
see section 1(2)
Note

The Parliamentary Counsel Office has made editorial and format changes to this version using the powers under subpart 2 of Part 3 of the Legislation Act 2019.

Note 4 at the end of this version provides a list of the amendments included in it.

This Act is administered by the Ministry of Business, Innovation, and Employment.

Contents

Title [Repealed]
1Title and commencement
1APurpose
1BProvisions affecting application of Act
[Repealed]
2Interpretation
2AMeaning of appropriate Minister
2BMeaning of Tier 1 permit and Tier 2 permit
2CDetermination of permit tier status
2DConsequences of change in status of permit
3Act to bind Crown
4Treaty of Waitangi
5Functions of Minister
6Delegation of functions by Minister
7Functions of chief executive
8Restrictions on prospecting or exploring for, or mining, Crown owned minerals
9Other legal requirements not affected
10Petroleum, gold, silver, and uranium
11Minerals reserved to Crown
[Repealed]
12Purpose of minerals programme [Repealed]
13Application of minerals programmes
14Contents of minerals programmes
15Minister must prepare draft minerals programmes in certain situations
16Changes to minerals programmes
17Public notice
18Submissions
19Issue of minerals programmes
20Notification of minerals programmes
21Minister may defer consideration of application for permit
22Minister and chief executive must act in accordance with minerals programmes
23Purpose of permits
23AApplication for permits
24Allocation by public tender
25Grant of permit
25ARecord of permit
26Priority of applications if more than 1 made and no minerals programme
27Permit holder must have permit operator
28Restriction on granting of prospecting permits
28ADeclaration that permits not to be issued or extended for specified land for specified period
29Minister may require survey to be done
29AProcess for considering application
29BProcess for considering application under public tender for conditional exploration permit
30Rights to prospect, explore, mine
31Right of permit holder to minerals
32Right of permit holder to subsequent permits
33Permit holder responsibilities
33AExercise of permit conditional on authorisation
33BHealth and Safety regulator to notify chief executive of breaches of legislation
33CIwi engagement reports
33DAnnual review meeting for holders of Tier 1 permits
34Financial return to the Crown
35Duration of permit
35AAppraisal extension of exploration permits
35BConditions imposing relinquishment obligation: prospecting permits
35CConditions imposing relinquishment obligation: exploration permits
36Change to permit
37Process for Minister’s proposal to change work programme for petroleum mining permit
38Determination by independent expert
39Revocation or transfer of permit
40Surrender of permit
41Transfer of interest in permit
41AAMeaning of change of control of permit participant or guarantor
41ABChange of control of permit operator of Tier 1 permit
41ACApplication for consent for change of control
41ADMinister may require information or documents to be supplied
41AEWhen Minister may consent to change of control of permit operator
41AFRevocation of permit if change of control made without consent
41AChange of control of permit participants (other than operators of Tier 1 permits)
41BDealings
41CChange of permit operator
41DGeneral provisions relating to transfers, dealings, and changes of permit operator
42Minister may require survey at any time
42AAuthorisation of geophysical surveys on adjacent land
42BField development plans to be submitted to chief executive
42CNotice of expected cessation and notice of cessation
43Work programmes to be approved by Minister
44Duty of Minister withholding approval of work programme
45Minister may direct that petroleum be refined and processed in New Zealand, etc
46Unit development
47Permit does not give right of access to land
48Cancellation of any Crown right of entry that is reserved by statute
49Entry on land for minimum impact activity
50Entry on special classes of land for minimum impact activity
50ARestricted access to Taranaki conservation land
51Entry on Maori land for minimum impact activity
52Permit holder may obtain order
53Access to land for petroleum
54Access to land for minerals other than petroleum
54AAccess to Schedule 4 land in common marine and coastal area
55Restrictions on determination of access arrangements by arbitrators
56Provisions relating to access arrangements
57Meaning of entry on land
58Disputes as to classification of land and activities
59Notice of request for grant of right of access
60Grant of right of access by access arrangement
61Access arrangements in respect of Crown land and land in common marine and coastal area
61AAccess to Crown land where mineral not property of the Crown
61BAccess arrangements in respect of Crown land where mineral not property of the Crown
61CPublic notification of certain access arrangements
62Prohibition of access in respect of Crown land
63Request for appointment of arbitrator
64Appointment of arbitrator in default of agreement
65Fixing time and place for conducting hearing
66Declaration by Order in Council that access arrangement may be determined by arbitrator
67Right of appearance
68Conciliation
69Procedure
70Determination of access arrangement, etc
71Effect of access arrangement, etc
72Variation of access arrangements
73Costs
74Withdrawal from arbitration
75Liability
76Compensation for owners and occupiers
77Compliance with access conditions
78Absentee or unknown owner of land
79Absentee or unknown owner of minerals
80Access arrangements in respect of Maori land
81Lodging and notation of permits [Repealed]
82Lodging of certificates of extension [Repealed]
83Notation of access rights on land titles
84Entry of permit and access particulars acts as notice only
85Land Transfer Act 2017 not to limit or affect rights under permits or rights of access
86Notation of mineral ownership on land titles
87Certified copies of documents to be evidence
88Recorded documents to be open for search [Repealed]
89Revision of records
89AApplication of this subpart
89BRelationship between this subpart and other enactments
89CRelationship between sections 42B and 42C, this subpart, and existing conditions of permits and licences
89DInterpretation
89EDecommissioning
89FPetroleum infrastructure
89GConditions relating to decommissioning
89HMeaning of relevant older petroleum infrastructure
89IMeaning of relevant older well
89JObligations of permit holders, transferors, and transferees: decommissioning of petroleum infrastructure
89KObligations of licence holders, transferors, and transferees: decommissioning of petroleum infrastructure
89LFurther obligations on transferors and transferees and Minister
89MExtent of liability of former permit and licence holders under sections 89J(2) and 89K(2)
89NWhen decommissioning obligations of persons under section 89J, 89K, or 89L arise
89OCriteria for agreeing or setting time frames for decommissioning
89PJoint and several liability
89QWhat is plugging and abandonment of well
89RObligations of permit holders, transferors, and transferees: decommissioning of wells
89SObligations of licence holders, transferors, and transferees: decommissioning of wells
89TFurther obligations on transferors and transferees and Minister
89UExtent of liability of former permit and licence holders under sections 89R and 89S
89VWhen decommissioning obligations of permit holders, licence holders, and other persons under section 89R, 89S, or 89T arise
89WCriteria for agreeing or setting time frames for decommissioning of wells
89XJoint and several liability
89YExemption and deferral powers of Minister
89ZCriteria for granting exemption
89ZACriteria for grant of deferral
89ZBSubpart 2 decommissioning plan
89ZCDecommissioning cost estimate
89ZDAsset registers to be submitted to chief executive
89ZEDecommissioning completion report
89ZFPermit and licence holders must provide information needed to monitor financial position
89ZGMinister may assess financial capability to meet decommissioning obligations
89ZHCriteria for considering whether to carry out financial capability assessment
89ZIProcess for carrying out financial capability assessment
89ZJMinister must notify outcome of financial capability assessment
89ZKRelevant persons must provide supporting information
89ZLPermit and licence holders must hold 1 or more financial securities
89ZMMatters to which Minister must have regard in setting kind and amount of security
89ZNDecision of Minister
89ZOAlteration of amount secured or kind of security required
89ZPMinister must notify required changes in kind of security or amount secured
89ZQPermit holder or licence holder may object to kind of security or amount set or required change to those matters
89ZRWhat happens if permit holder or licence holder makes objection
89ZZCApplication of this subpart
89ZZDChief executive or enforcement officer may accept enforceable undertakings
89ZZENotice of decision and reasons for decision
89ZZFWhen enforceable undertaking is enforceable
89ZZGCompliance with enforceable undertaking
89ZZHContravention of enforceable undertaking
89ZZIWithdrawal or variation of enforceable undertaking
89ZZJProceedings for alleged contravention
89ZZKPower to issue compliance notices
89ZZLContent of compliance notices
89ZZMCompliance with compliance notice
89ZZNExtension of time for compliance with compliance notices
89ZZOGeneral provisions relating to compliance notices
89ZZPChanges to notice by chief executive or enforcement officer
89ZZQChief executive or enforcement officer may vary or cancel compliance notice
89ZZRFormal irregularities or defects in compliance notice
89ZZSIssue of compliance notice
89ZZTCivil proceedings relating to non-compliance with compliance notice
89ZZUReasonable mistake defence in pecuniary penalty proceedings
89ZZVPecuniary penalties
89ZZWProceedings for pecuniary penalties
89ZZXCriminal liability for knowingly failing to carry out certain obligations
89ZZYDefence to criminal liability for directors
89ZZZRelationship between pecuniary penalties and criminal liability
89ZZZARestriction on indemnities
89ZZZBRestriction on insurance
89ZZZCEffects of subparts 2 and 3 on Crown liability
90Permit holder records and reports
90ADisclosure of information
90BDisclosure and publication of mineral resources and mineral production information
90CProvisions relating to speculative prospectors
90DTreatment of speculative prospecting information purchased or licensed by permit holder
90EProviding information to regulatory agencies
90FConditions that may be imposed on providing information or documents under section 90E
90GRegulatory agency may provide information for purposes of this Act
91Chief executive to keep registers
91ACorrection of errors or omissions
92Permits are not real or personal property
92AEffect of liquidation or loss of registration of company
93Access arrangement does not confer interest
94Officers not to have personal interest
95Address for service
96Service of documents, etc
97Application of monetary deposits
97AChief executive may prescribe form of certain documents
98Gold fossicking areas (Crown land)
98AGold fossicking areas (other land)
99Arbitration
99AAppointment of enforcement officers
99BPowers of enforcement officers
99CApplication for warrant for entry to search
99DApplication of Part 4 of Search and Surveillance Act 2012
99EAuditing
99FPower to require information
99GProtection of persons acting under authority of this Act
99HRoyalties
99IPower to amend royalty returns or make default assessment
99JInterest on unpaid money
99KRight to object to amendment or default assessment
99LRight of appeal
99MStatus of original amendment or default assessment
100Offences
101Penalties
101AInterpretation
101BInterfering with structure or operation in offshore area
101CPowers of enforcement officers
102Liability of principal for acts of agents
103Strict liability
104Recovery of fees and other money
104AInterpretation
104BInfringement offences
104CWho may issue infringement notices
104DWhen infringement notice may be issued
104ERevocation of infringement notice before payment made
104FWhat infringement notice must contain
104GHow infringement notice may be issued to person
104HPayment of infringement fees
104IReminder notices
104JRegulations
104KRelationship between infringement offences and other offences
105Regulations
105ARegulations relating to royalties
105BRegulations not invalid for certain matters
105CRegulations may incorporate material by reference
105DRequirement to consult on proposal to incorporate material by reference
106Savings and transitional provisions
[Repealed]
107Existing privileges to continue [Repealed]
108Administration of existing privileges [Repealed]
109Bonds and monetary deposits [Repealed]
110Fees payable by holders of existing privileges [Repealed]
110AData lodgement requirements in respect of petroleum licences [Repealed]
110BExtension of term of petroleum prospecting licences [Repealed]
111Right to new permits [Repealed]
111ANo application under section 103D of Mining Act 1971 for extension of duration of mining privilege [Repealed]
[Repealed]
112Existing applications under Mining Act 1971 [Repealed]
113Existing applications under Coal Mines Act 1979 [Repealed]
114Existing applications under Petroleum Act 1937 [Repealed]
114APriority of existing applications under Mining Act 1971, Coal Mines Act 1979, and Petroleum Act 1937 [Repealed]
[Repealed]
115Existing agreements regarding land access not affected [Repealed]
[Repealed]
116Notices under section 24 of Mining Act 1971 [Repealed]
117Minister’s obligations in respect of minerals programmes [Repealed]
118Granting of petroleum permits before minerals programme issued [Repealed]
119Restriction on granting of permits [Repealed]
119ANo compensation [Repealed]
120Repeals and revocations [Repealed]
121Consequential amendments [Repealed]
122Savings as to compensation claims [Repealed]
123Savings as to court proceedings [Repealed]
Notes
Title [Repealed]

Title: repealed, on 24 May 2013, by section 4 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

 
1 Title and commencement

(1)

This Act may be cited as the Crown Minerals Act 1991.

(2)

This Act shall come into force on 1 October 1991.

Section 1 heading: amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 5 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

1A Purpose

(1)

The purpose of this Act is to promote prospecting for, exploration for, and mining of Crown owned minerals for the benefit of New Zealand.

(2)

To this end, this Act provides for—

(a)

the efficient allocation of rights to prospect for, explore for, and mine Crown owned minerals; and

(b)

the effective management and regulation of the exercise of those rights; and

(c)

the carrying out, in accordance with good industry practice, of activities in respect of those rights; and

(d)

a fair financial return to the Crown for its minerals.

Section 1A: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 6 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

1B Provisions affecting application of Act

Schedule 1 contains savings and transitional provisions that affect other provisions of this Act (see section 106).

Section 1B: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 6 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Part 1 Preliminary provisions

Part 1 heading: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 7 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Interpretation and application[Repealed]

Heading: repealed, on 24 May 2013, by section 8 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

2 Interpretation

(1)

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,—

access arrangement and arrangement means an arrangement to permit access to land—

(a)

entered into by way of arrangement or determined by an arbiter in accordance with this Act; and

(b)

between a person desiring to carry out mineral-related activities and either—

(i)

the owner (and occupier, if any) of the land; or

(ii)

in the case of land in the common marine and coastal area that is not a customary marine title area, the appropriate Minister

appropriate Minister has the meaning given by section 2A

bed means—

(a)

in relation to any river, the space of land which the waters of the river cover at its fullest flow without overtopping the banks; and

(b)

in relation to a lake, the space of land which the waters of the lake cover at its highest level without exceeding its physical margin; and

(c)

in relation to the sea, the submarine areas covered by the internal waters and the territorial sea

change includes amend, add to, delete from, and replace

chief executive means the chief executive of the department that, with the authority of the Prime Minister, is responsible for the administration of this Act

coal means anthracite, bituminous coal, sub-bituminous coal, lignite, and peat; and includes every other substance worked or normally worked with coal

coastal marine area has the meaning given in section 2(1) of the Resource Management Act 1991

common marine and coastal area has the meaning given in section 9(1) of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011

consent authority has the same meaning as in section 2(1) of the Resource Management Act 1991

continental shelf has the same meaning as in section 2(1) of the Continental Shelf Act 1964

contravene includes fail to comply with

controlling authority, in relation to land, means—

(a)

in the case of land within 20 metres of a road, the authority having control of the road:

(b)

in the case of land within 100 metres of a public bridge, the authority having control of the public bridge:

(c)

in the case of land within 60 metres of a private bridge, the person owning or having control of the private bridge:

(d)

in the case of land within 100 metres of a railway, the person responsible for the administration of that railway:

(e)

in the case of land within 60 metres of any river control or flood protection work, the authority having control of the river control or flood protection work

crop means plants grown on cultivated land, the produce of which is to be harvested

Crown land means all land held in allodium by, or the fee simple title to which is vested in, the Crown whether by virtue of Crown prerogative, operation of law, any enactment, or any deed or instrument; and includes—

(a)

land alienated by way of lease or licence under section 66, section 68, or section 69 of the Land Act 1948; and

(b)

Crown land within the meaning of paragraphs (a) to (f) of the definition of the term Crown land in section 2 of the Land Act 1948

Crown owned mineral means any mineral that is the property of the Crown

current means, in relation to a permit, that the permit has been granted and has not expired or been surrendered or revoked; and currency has a corresponding meaning

customary marine title agreement has the meaning given to agreement in section 9(1) of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011

customary marine title group has the meaning given in section 9(1) of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011

customary marine title order has the meaning given in section 9(1) of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011

decommissioning has the meaning set out in section 89E

discovery means the discovery of a deposit or occurrence of a mineral

draft minerals programme means a programme prepared or in the course of preparation under section 15

dwellinghouse means any building, whether permanent or temporary, that is occupied, in whole or in part, as a residence; and includes any structure or outdoor living area that is accessory to, and used wholly or principally for the purposes of, the residence; but does not include the land upon which the residence is sited

enforcement officer,—

(a)

other than for the purposes of sections 101A to 101C, means a person appointed under section 99A:

(b)

for the purposes of sections 101A to 101C, has the meaning given by section 101C(6)

enter includes to re-enter; and entry has a similar meaning

existing privilege means any of the following:

(a)

any mining privilege granted under Part 4 of the Mining Act 1971:

(b)

any mining privilege or licence referred to in section 136(b) and (c) of the Mining Act 1971:

(c)

any coal mining right or other right, lease, sublease, tenancy, licence, or easement granted under the Coal Mines Act 1979:

(d)

any prospecting licence or mining licence granted under Part 1 of the Petroleum Act 1937 or authorisation granted under Part 2 of that Act:

(e)

any authorisation given, agreement entered into, or grant of rights under the Iron and Steel Industry Act 1959, and any existing rights referred to in section 5 of that Act

exploration means any activity undertaken for the purpose of identifying mineral deposits or occurrences and evaluating the feasibility of mining particular deposits or occurrences of 1 or more minerals; and includes any drilling, dredging, or excavations (whether surface or subsurface) that are reasonably necessary to determine the nature and size of a mineral deposit or occurrence; and to explore has a corresponding meaning

exploration permit means an exploration permit granted under this Act

foreshore means any land covered and uncovered by the flow and ebb of the tide at mean spring tides and, in relation to any such land that forms part of the bed of a river, does not include any area that is not part of the coastal marine area

fuel minerals includes coal and petroleum

gold includes any substance containing gold, or having gold mixed in it

gold fossicking area means any area designated under section 98 or 98A to be a gold fossicking area

good industry practice, in relation to an activity, means acting in a manner that is technically competent and at a level of diligence and prudence reasonably and ordinarily exercised by experienced operators engaged in a similar activity and under similar circumstances, but (for the purposes of this Act) does not include any aspect of the activity regulated under environmental legislation

health and safety regulator has the same meaning as regulator in section 16 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015

in, in relation to land, means on or under the surface of land

industrial rocks and building stones includes aggregate, basalt, diatomite, dunite, granite, limestone, marble, perlite, pumice, sandstone, serpentine, slate, sand, and gravel

initial permit means a permit that is not a subsequent permit

internal waters has the meaning given by section 4 of the Territorial Sea, Contiguous Zone, and Exclusive Economic Zone Act 1977

land includes land covered by water; and also includes the foreshore and seabed to the outer limits of the territorial sea

local authority means a regional council or a territorial authority (as those terms are defined in section 5(1) of the Local Government Act 2002)

Maori land has the same meaning as in Te Ture Whenua Maori Act 1993; and includes Maori reserves within the meaning of that Act

metallic minerals includes compounds of aluminium, chromium, copper, gold, iron, lead, manganese, mercury, molybdenum, nickel, platinum, silver, tin, titanium, tungsten, uranium, vanadium, and zinc

mineral means a naturally occurring inorganic substance beneath or at the surface of the earth, whether or not under water; and includes all metallic minerals, non-metallic minerals, fuel minerals, precious stones, industrial rocks and building stones, and a prescribed substance within the meaning of the Atomic Energy Act 1945

minerals programme means a programme issued by the Governor-General under section 19 that is current

minimum impact activity means any of the following:

(a)

geological, geochemical, and geophysical surveying:

(b)

taking samples by hand or hand held methods:

(ba)

taking small samples offshore by low-impact mechanical methods:

(c)

aerial surveying:

(d)

land surveying:

(e)

any activity prescribed as a minimum impact activity:

(f)

any lawful act incidental to any activity to which paragraphs (a) to (e) relate—

to the extent that it does not involve any activity that results in impacts of greater than minimum scale and in no circumstances shall include activities involving—

(g)

the cutting, destroying, removing, or injury of any vegetation on greater than a minimum scale; or

(h)

the use of explosives; or

(i)

damage to improvements, stock, or chattels on any land; or

(j)

any breach of the provisions of this or any other Act, including provisions in relation to protected native plants, water, noise, and historic sites; or

(k)

the use of more persons for any particular activity than is reasonably necessary; or

(l)

any impacts prescribed as prohibited impacts; or

(m)

entry on land prescribed as prohibited land

mining

(a)

means to take, win, or extract, by whatever means,—

(i)

a mineral existing in its natural state in land; or

(ii)

a chemical substance from a mineral existing in its natural state in land; and

(b)

includes—

(i)

the injection of petroleum into an underground gas storage facility; and

(ii)

the extraction of petroleum from an underground gas storage facility; but

(c)

does not include prospecting or exploration for a mineral or chemical substance referred to in paragraph (a)

mining operations

(a)

means operations in connection with mining, exploring, or prospecting for any Crown owned mineral; and

(b)

includes, when carried out at or near the site where the mining, exploration, or prospecting is undertaken,—

(i)

the extraction, transport, treatment, processing, and separation of any mineral or chemical substance from the mineral; and

(ii)

the construction, maintenance, and operation of any works, structures, and other land improvements, and of any related machinery and equipment connected with the operations; and

(iii)

the removal of overburden by mechanical or other means, and the stacking, deposit, storage, and treatment of any substance considered to contain any mineral; and

(iv)

the deposit or discharge of any mineral, material, debris, tailings, refuse, or wastewater produced from or consequent on the operations; and

(v)

the doing of all lawful acts incidental or conducive to the operations; and

(c)

includes any activities relating to the injection into and extraction of petroleum from an underground gas storage facility

mining permit means a mining permit granted under this Act

Minister means the Minister of the Crown who, under the authority of a warrant or with the authority of the Prime Minister, is responsible for the administration of this Act

non-exclusive permit means a permit which confers a right to prospect or explore for, or mine, any Crown owned mineral which right is not exclusive to the holder of the permit

non-metallic minerals includes asbestos, barite, bentonite, calcite, clays, dolomite, feldspar, fluorite, magnesite, mica, phosphate, potash, quartz, salt, silica lump, silica sand, sulphur, talc, and wax

occupier, in relation to land, means a person who has a right to occupy the land by virtue of a lease, sublease, licence, or any renewal thereof, granted by the owner of the land; and includes—

(a)

a holder of an exploration permit or mining permit who has a right of access in respect of the land for the purpose of carrying out an activity under the permit or mining operations; and

(b)

a person in actual occupation of the land by virtue of being the holder of an existing privilege (other than an authorisation granted under Part 2 of the Petroleum Act 1937); and

(c)

a controlling authority in respect of the land

offshore means anywhere that is the seaward side of the mean high-water mark

onshore Taranaki region means the Taranaki Region as constituted by clause 4 of the Local Government (Taranaki Region) Reorganisation Order 1989, but excludes any part of that region that is offshore

owner means—

(a)

in relation to Crown land, the appropriate Minister within the meaning of subsection (2); and

(b)

in relation to land other than Crown land, the person or persons who hold the fee simple title to the land; and includes, except for the purposes of sections 8 and 49 to 52, the person or persons (other than the Crown) who owns or own the minerals in the land

participating interest,—

(a)

in relation to a permit, means an undivided share of the permit that is expressed as a percentage recorded on the permit:

(b)

in relation to a licence granted under Part 1 of the Petroleum Act 1937, means an undivided share of the licence that is recorded on the licence

permit means a prospecting permit, an exploration permit, or a mining permit to the extent that it remains current; or, if the context requires, all or any of these permits, except in subparts 2 and 3 of Part 1B

permit holder means the person who is the sole permit participant, or all of the permit participants, as the case may be

permit operator means the person described in section 27

permit participant means a person who holds a participating interest in a permit

permit year means the period of 12 months from the commencement of a permit, or any successive period of 12 months from an anniversary of the commencement of a permit

person includes the Crown, a corporation sole, and also a body of persons, whether corporate or unincorporate

petroleum means—

(a)

any naturally occurring hydrocarbon (other than coal) whether in a gaseous, liquid, or solid state; or

(b)

any naturally occurring mixture of hydrocarbons (other than coal) whether in a gaseous, liquid, or solid state; or

(c)

any naturally occurring mixture of 1 or more hydrocarbons (other than coal) whether in a gaseous, liquid, or solid state, and 1 or more of the following, namely hydrogen sulphide, nitrogen, helium, or carbon dioxide—

and, except in sections 10 and 11, includes any petroleum as so defined which has been mined or otherwise recovered from its natural condition, or which has been so mined or otherwise recovered but which has been returned to a natural reservoir for storage purposes

petroleum infrastructure has the meaning set out in section 89F

petroleum mining permit means a mining permit for petroleum

prescribed means prescribed by regulations made under this Act

prescribed form means a form prescribed by regulations made under this Act and containing and having attached such information and documents as those regulations may require

private bridge means a bridge or culvert (other than a footbridge) that is owned by or under the control of any person other than the Government or a public authority

prospecting

(a)

means any activity undertaken for the purpose of identifying land likely to contain mineral deposits or occurrences; and

(b)

includes the following activities:

(i)

geological, geochemical, and geophysical surveying:

(ii)

aerial surveying:

(iii)

taking samples by hand or hand held methods:

(iv)

taking small samples offshore by low-impact mechanical methods

prospecting permit means a prospecting permit granted under this Act

public bridge means a bridge or culvert intended for public use or for use in connection with any public work within the meaning of the Public Works Act 1981 and under the control of the Government or any public authority

public notice, when given by the Minister, means notice published in 1 or more daily newspapers circulating in the main metropolitan areas

railway means a railway within the meaning of the New Zealand Railways Corporation Act 1981 and also within the meaning of section 2 of the Public Works Act 1981

regulations means regulations made under this Act

regulatory agency means—

(a)

the Environmental Protection Authority established by section 7 of the Environmental Protection Authority Act 2011:

(b)

a consent authority:

(c)

Maritime New Zealand and the Director of Maritime New Zealand:

(d)

WorkSafe New Zealand:

(e)

the Department of Conservation

relevant minerals programme,—

(a)

in relation to a permit that had effect immediately before the commencement of section 13 (as enacted by section 18 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013), means the minerals programme that for the time being applies to the permit under clause 3 of Schedule 1:

(b)

in relation to a permit granted on or after the commencement of section 13 (as so enacted), means the minerals programme that for the time being applies to that permit under Part 1A

right of access means, in respect of land, the right of a permit holder (and employees, agents, and contractors of a permit holder) to enter, use, occupy, and enjoy (with or without vehicles and equipment) the land for the purpose of carrying out lawful activity under a permit or any mining operations

road means—

(a)

a road within the meaning of section 121 of the Public Works Act 1981 or section 315 of the Local Government Act 1974:

(b)

a motorway within the meaning of section 2 of the Public Works Act 1981:

(c)

a limited access road within the meaning of section 153 of the Public Works Act 1981 or section 346 of the Local Government Act 1974:

(d)

a regional road within the meaning of section 362 of the Local Government Act 1974:

(e)

a limited access regional road within the meaning of section 371 of the Local Government Act 1974:

(f)

a regional motorway within the meaning of section 374 of the Local Government Act 1974

royalties means money payable to the Crown under section 33(1)(c) in accordance with—

(b)

regulations made under section 105A

sand does not include ironsand

serve means serve in accordance with section 352 or section 353 of the Resource Management Act 1991

ship has the same meaning as in section 2(1) of the Maritime Transport Act 1994

silver includes any substance containing silver, or having silver mixed in it, other than a substance that also contains gold or has gold mixed in it

special purpose mining activity means an activity carried out to demonstrate historical mining methods

speculative prospector has the meaning given by section 90C(7)

submission means a written submission

subsequent permit means a permit granted in accordance with section 32

territorial sea means the territorial sea of New Zealand as defined by section 3 of the Territorial Sea, Contiguous Zone, and Exclusive Economic Zone Act 1977

Tier 1 permit has the meaning given by section 2B(1)

Tier 2 permit has the meaning given by section 2B(2)

Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) has the same meaning as the word Treaty as defined in section 2 of the Treaty of Waitangi Act 1975

underground gas storage facility means a natural reservoir into which petroleum is injected in a gaseous state for subsequent extraction

uranium includes thorium and all natural substances, chemical compounds, and physical combinations of uranium or thorium

work programme means a programme of work to be undertaken by a permit holder in relation to the holder’s permit

working day means any day except—

(a)

a Saturday, a Sunday, Waitangi Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Anzac Day, the Sovereign’s birthday, Te Rā Aro ki a Matariki/Matariki Observance Day, and Labour Day; and

(ab)

if Waitangi Day or Anzac Day falls on a Saturday or a Sunday, the following Monday; and

(b)

a day in the period commencing with 20 December in any year and ending with 15 January in the following year.

(2)

[Repealed]

(3)

[Repealed]

(4)

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,—

(a)

a reference to a Part, section, or Schedule, is a reference to a Part, section, or Schedule of this Act; and

(b)

a reference in a section to a subsection is a reference to a subsection of that section; and

(c)

a reference in a subsection to a paragraph is a reference to a paragraph of that subsection; and

(d)

a reference in a section to a paragraph is a reference to a paragraph of that section.

Section 2(1) access arrangement and arrangement: substituted, on 1 April 2011, by section 128 of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011 (2011 No 3).

Section 2(1) appropriate Minister: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) chief executive: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) coal: amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) coastal marine area: inserted, on 1 April 2011, by section 128 of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011 (2011 No 3).

Section 2(1) common marine and coastal area: inserted, on 1 April 2011, by section 128 of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011 (2011 No 3).

Section 2(1) consent authority: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) continental shelf: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) customary marine title agreement: inserted, on 1 April 2011, by section 128 of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011 (2011 No 3).

Section 2(1) customary marine title group: inserted, on 1 April 2011, by section 128 of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011 (2011 No 3).

Section 2(1) customary marine title order: inserted, on 1 April 2011, by section 128 of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011 (2011 No 3).

Section 2(1) draft minerals programme: amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) decommissioning: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 4(1) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 2(1) enforcement officer: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(3) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) existing privilege: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) exploration permit: amended, on 28 September 1993, by section 2(2)(a) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 1993 (1993 No 139).

Section 2(1) gold fossicking area: amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(4) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) good industry practice inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) health and safety regulator: replaced, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

Section 2(1) industrial rocks and building stones: amended, on 28 September 1993, by section 2(2)(b) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 1993 (1993 No 139).

Section 2(1) internal waters: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) local authority: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) Maori land: amended, on 1 July 1993, pursuant to section 362(2) of Te Ture Whenua Maori Act 1993 (1993 No 4).

Section 2(1) metallic minerals: amended, on 28 September 1993, by section 2(2)(c) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 1993 (1993 No 139).

Section 2(1) minerals programme: amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(5) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) minimum impact activity paragraph (ba): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(6) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) mining: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(7) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) mining operations: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(8) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) mining permit: amended, on 28 September 1993, by section 2(2)(d) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 1993 (1993 No 139).

Section 2(1) Minister: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(9) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) occupier paragraph (a): amended, on 21 August 2003, by section 3 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 2(1) occupier paragraph (b): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(10) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) offshore: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) onshore Taranaki region: inserted, on 13 November 2018, by section 4 of the Crown Minerals (Petroleum) Amendment Act 2018 (2018 No 49).

Section 2(1) owner paragraph (b): amended, on 28 September 1993, by section 2(2)(e) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 1993 (1993 No 139).

Section 2(1) participating interest: replaced, on 2 December 2021, by section 4(2) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 2(1) permit: amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 4(3) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 2(1) permit holder: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(11) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) permit operator: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) permit participant: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) permit year: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) petroleum: amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(12) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) petroleum infrastructure: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 4(1) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 2(1) prospecting: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(13) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) prospecting permit: amended, on 28 September 1993, by section 2(2)(f) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 1993 (1993 No 139).

Section 2(1) public foreshore and seabed: repealed, on 1 April 2011, by section 128 of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011 (2011 No 3).

Section 2(1) regulatory agency: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) regulatory agency paragraph (d): replaced, on 16 December 2013, by section 22 of the WorkSafe New Zealand Act 2013 (2013 No 94).

Section 2(1) relevant minerals programme: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(14) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) royalties: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) Secretary: repealed, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(15) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) ship: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 4(1) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 2(1) special purpose mining activity: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) specified Act: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) specified Act paragraph (a): amended, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

Section 2(1) speculative prospector: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) territorial sea: amended, on 1 August 1996, pursuant to section 5(4) of the Territorial Sea and Exclusive Economic Zone Amendment Act 1996 (1996 No 74).

Section 2(1) Tier 1 permit: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) Tier 2 permit: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) underground gas storage facility: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) work programme: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(1) working day paragraph (a): replaced, on 12 April 2022, by wehenga 7 o Te Ture mō te Hararei Tūmatanui o te Kāhui o Matariki 2022/section 7 of the Te Kāhui o Matariki Public Holiday Act 2022 (2022 No 14).

Section 2(1) working day paragraph (ab): inserted, on 1 January 2014, by section 8 of the Holidays (Full Recognition of Waitangi Day and ANZAC Day) Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 19).

Section 2(1) WorkSafe: repealed, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

Section 2(2): repealed, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(16) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2(3): repealed, on 24 May 2013, by section 9(16) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

2A Meaning of appropriate Minister

(1)

In this Act, appropriate Minister, in relation to Crown land or land in the common marine and coastal area, means—

(a)

the Minister charged with the administration of the land; or

(b)

if the land is part of the common marine and coastal area, the Minister described in paragraph (a) and the Minister of Conservation (if he or she is not the Minister described in that paragraph); or

(c)

if neither of paragraphs (a) and (b) applies, the Minister of Lands.

(2)

However, if after subsection (1) is applied there is uncertainty as to who is the appropriate Minister, the appropriate Minister is the Minister designated by the Governor-General by Order in Council.

Section 2A: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 10 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

2B Meaning of Tier 1 permit and Tier 2 permit

(1)

In this Act, Tier 1 permit means the following permits:

(a)

a prospecting, exploration, or mining permit that relates to petroleum:

(b)
[Repealed]

(c)

an exploration permit that relates to a mineral listed in the first column of Schedule 5, unless the expected total work programme expenditure in relation to the permit for the final 5 permit years of its life, or for the entire duration of its life if the permit is for less than 5 permit years, is, in the Minister’s estimation, less than the amount specified for the mineral in the second column of that schedule:

(d)

a mining permit that relates to a mineral listed in the first column of Schedule 5, if, in any 1 permit year in the next 5 permit years of its life, the annual royalty or annual production in relation to the permit will be, in the Minister’s estimation, equal to or more than the amount specified in the third or fourth column of that schedule:

(e)

an exploration or mining permit that (irrespective of the type of mineral to which the permit relates, the year of the permit’s life, or any threshold amounts specified for the mineral to which the permit relates in Schedule 5)—

(i)

relates to an underground operation or an operation that is (whether wholly or partially) 50 metres or more beyond the seaward side of the mean high-water mark; and

(ii)

is not for a special purpose mining activity.

(2)

In this Act, Tier 2 permit means a permit that is not a Tier 1 permit.

(3)

For the purposes of the Minister making an estimate for the purposes of subsection (1)(c) or (d), the life of a permit includes any extensions of duration to the permit granted under this Act.

Section 2B: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 10 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2B(1)(b): repealed, on 2 December 2021, by section 5(1) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 2B(1)(e): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 5(2) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

2C Determination of permit tier status

(1)

This section applies to each exploration permit and mining permit whose Tier 1 (or, by default, Tier 2) status must be determined in accordance with section 2B(1)(c) or (d).

(2)

The Minister must determine the tier status of a permit—

(a)

on first granting the permit, and at any time that the permit is changed under section 36(1); or

(b)

if the permit exists on the commencement of this section, as soon as practicable after the commencement of this section, and at any time that the permit is changed under section 36(1).

(3)

The Minister may determine the tier status of a permit at any other time as he or she thinks fit.

(4)

[Repealed]

Section 2C: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 10 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 2C(2)(a): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 6(1) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 2C(2)(b): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 6(2) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 2C(4): repealed, on 2 December 2021, by section 6(3) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

2D Consequences of change in status of permit

(1)

This section applies if, as a result of a determination made by the Minister under section 2C, a Tier 1 permit becomes a Tier 2 permit or a Tier 2 permit becomes a Tier 1 permit.

(2)

The chief executive must notify the permit holder of the change in tier.

(3)

The change in tier takes effect for the purposes of this Act on and from the start of the permit year following the date of the notification under subsection (2).

Section 2D: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 10 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

3 Act to bind Crown

This Act shall bind the Crown.

4 Treaty of Waitangi

All persons exercising functions and powers under this Act shall have regard to the principles of the Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi).

Functions, powers, and duties of Minister and chief executive

Heading: amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 11 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

5 Functions of Minister

The Minister has the following functions under this Act:

(a)

to attract permit applications, including by way of public tender:

(b)

to grant permits, grant changes to permits, and revoke permits:

(c)

to prepare minerals programmes:

(ca)

to make decisions on decommissioning petroleum infrastructure and wells, requirements for financial securities, payments for post-decommissioning work, and related matters:

(d)

to co-operate with regulatory agencies that perform functions in relation to Crown owned minerals (including under section 90E):

(e)

to collect and disclose information in connection with mineral resources and mineral production in order to—

(i)

promote informed investment decisions about mineral exploration and production; and

(ii)

improve the working of related markets:

(f)

any other functions conferred on him or her by or under this Act.

Section 5: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 12 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 5(ca): inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 7 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

6 Delegation of functions by Minister

(1)

The Minister may, either generally or particularly, delegate to the chief executive, in accordance with clause 5 of Schedule 6 of the Public Service Act 2020, any of the Minister’s functions, powers, or duties under this Act other than—

(a)

the making of decisions on submissions on a draft minerals programme under section 18 and the recommendation of a minerals programme under section 19:

(b)

this power of delegation.

(2)

The chief executive may, in accordance with clauses 2 and 3 of Schedule 6 of the Public Service Act 2020, subdelegate any function, power, or duty delegated to him or her by the Minister in accordance with subsection (1).

(3)

Any delegation or subdelegation made under this section may be revoked in accordance with clause 4 or 6 of Schedule 6 of the Public Service Act 2020, as the case may be.

Section 6 heading: amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 13(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 6(1): amended, on 7 August 2020, by section 135 of the Public Service Act 2020 (2020 No 40).

Section 6(1)(a): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 13(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 6(2): amended, on 7 August 2020, by section 135 of the Public Service Act 2020 (2020 No 40).

Section 6(3): amended, on 7 August 2020, by section 135 of the Public Service Act 2020 (2020 No 40).

7 Functions of chief executive

The chief executive has the following functions under this Act:

(a)

to require, and monitor, compliance with permits, this Act, and the regulations:

(b)

to investigate conduct that constitutes or may constitute a contravention of a permit, this Act, or the regulations:

(c)

to keep a register of permits and permit holders:

(d)

to advise the Minister on any matter relating to this Act:

(e)

to co-operate with regulatory agencies that perform functions in relation to Crown owned minerals (including under section 90E):

(f)

any other functions conferred on him or her by or under this Act.

Section 7: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 14 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Duties and restrictions

8 Restrictions on prospecting or exploring for, or mining, Crown owned minerals

(1)

No person may prospect or explore for, or mine, Crown owned minerals in land unless the person—

(a)

is the holder of a permit granted under this Act which authorises the holder to do so, or is authorised to do so by the holder of such a permit in accordance with the permit, or is otherwise authorised to do so under this Act; and

(b)

complies with sections 49, 50, 51, 53, 54, and 54A.

(2)

Subsection (1)(a) does not apply to the taking by any person of—

(a)

any Crown owned mineral that—

(i)

exists in a natural state in land of which the person is an owner or occupier; and

(ii)

is in land which is not the subject of a permit in respect of such mineral—

for use for any reasonable agricultural, pastoral, domestic, roadmaking, or building purpose on land of which the person is an owner or occupier; or

(b)

any sand, shingle, or other natural material in the bed of a river or a lake or in the coastal marine area unless otherwise specified in a minerals programme.

(2A)

Subsection (1) does not apply to the taking by any person of any Crown owned mineral in a legal road, whether formed, unformed, or stopped, if—

(a)

the mineral is—

(i)

coal; or

(ii)

a mineral (other than coal) for which a Tier 2 permit would, but for this provision, be required; and

(b)

the road is within an area of land that otherwise contains privately owned minerals.

(3)

Subsection (1) does not prohibit prospecting or exploring for, or mining, gold in a gold fossicking area by means of hand held non-motorised machinery in accordance with section 98 or 98A.

(4)

This section applies subject to section 86 of the Ngāti Awa Claims Settlement Act 2005.

Section 8(1)(b): amended, on 19 February 2019, by section 4 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 8(2A): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 15(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 8(3): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 15(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 8(4): added, on 25 March 2005, by section 87 of the Ngāti Awa Claims Settlement Act 2005 (2005 No 28).

9 Other legal requirements not affected

Compliance with this Act or the regulations does not remove the need to comply with all other applicable legislation and other rules of law.

Section 9: amended, on 28 October 2021, by section 3 of the Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7).

Section 9: amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Minerals owned by the Crown

10 Petroleum, gold, silver, and uranium

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in any Act or in any Crown grant, record of title, lease, or other instrument of title, all petroleum, gold, silver, and uranium existing in its natural condition in land (whether or not the land has been alienated from the Crown) shall be the property of the Crown.

Section 10: amended, on 12 November 2018, by section 250 of the Land Transfer Act 2017 (2017 No 30).

11 Minerals reserved to Crown

(1)

Every alienation of land from the Crown made on or after the commencement of this Act (whether by way of sale, lease, or otherwise) shall be deemed to be made subject to a reservation in favour of the Crown of every mineral existing in its natural condition in the land.

(1A)

Nothing in subsection (1) applies to pounamu to which section 3 of the Ngai Tahu (Pounamu Vesting) Act 1997 applies.

(2)

For the avoidance of doubt, every mineral reserved in favour of the Crown by any enactment shall continue to be reserved in favour of the Crown, notwithstanding the repeal of that enactment.

Section 11(1A): inserted, on 29 October 1997, by section 2 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 1997 (1997 No 82).

Minerals programmes[Repealed]

Heading: repealed, on 24 May 2013, by section 16 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

12 Purpose of minerals programme
[Repealed]

Section 12: repealed, on 24 May 2013, by section 16 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Part 1A Minerals programmes

Part 1A heading: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 17 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

13 Application of minerals programmes

The most recent version of a minerals programme issued or changed by the Governor-General under section 19 applies to all permits for minerals that are subject to the programme.

Section 13: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

14 Contents of minerals programmes

(1)

A minerals programme—

(a)

must specify the mineral or minerals to which it applies; and

(b)

must set out or describe how the Minister and the chief executive will have regard to the principles of the Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) (as required by section 4) for the purposes of the minerals programme.

(2)

A minerals programme—

(a)

may set out or describe how the Minister or the chief executive will exercise any specified powers or discretions conferred on him or her by or under this Act in relation to the mineral or minerals that are subject to the programme; and

(b)

may include any other information that the Minister considers is likely to be of assistance to any person wishing to use or understand the Act and the regulations, including—

(i)

general guidance on the scheme of the Act and the regulations; and

(ii)

how the Minister or the chief executive will interpret and apply specified provisions of the Act or the regulations (other than those referred to in paragraph (a)) in relation to any Crown owned mineral or minerals subject to the programme; and

(c)

on the request of an iwi or hapū, may provide that defined areas of land of particular importance to the iwi’s or hapū’s mana are excluded from the operation of the minerals programme or are not to be included in any permit.

(3)

There must not be more than 1 minerals programme for any mineral, but a minerals programme may provide that different practices, procedures, and provisions in the programme apply—

(a)

to different areas within New Zealand; or

(b)

to a mineral that occurs in different states, places, phases, or strata; or

(c)

to a mineral that is to be explored for or mined by substantially different methods.

(4)

A minerals programme must not be inconsistent with this Act or the regulations.

(5)

However, if there is any inconsistency between a minerals programme (or a relevant minerals programme that has effect during a transitional period) and this Act or any of the regulations, this Act or the regulation prevails.

Section 14: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

15 Minister must prepare draft minerals programmes in certain situations

The Minister must, as soon as practicable, prepare a draft minerals programme for a Crown owned mineral, or group of Crown owned minerals, if—

(a)

there is no minerals programme for that mineral or group of minerals; and

(b)

in the opinion of the Minister, that mineral or group of minerals is likely to be the subject of a permit application under this Act.

Section 15: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

16 Changes to minerals programmes

(1)

The Minister may propose any change to a minerals programme.

(2)

In sections 17 and 18, a reference to a draft minerals programme includes a reference to a draft change to a minerals programme.

(3)

Nothing in section 17 or 18 applies to any change to a minerals programme if the purpose of the change is to correct any error and the effect of the change is minor.

(4)

Subsection (5) applies if the Minister decides not to proceed with a proposed change to a minerals programme and no recommendation is made to the Governor-General under section 19(1).

(5)

The Minister must—

(a)

publicly notify his or her decision; and

(b)

notify every person who made a submission on the proposed change under section 18.

Section 16: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

17 Public notice

(1)

The Minister must ensure that—

(a)

public notice is given of a draft minerals programme; and

(b)

notice is given of a draft minerals programme to all iwi; and

(c)

the draft minerals programme is available on an Internet site maintained by or on behalf of the chief executive.

(2)

Every notice under subsection (1)(a) must—

(a)

give reasonable notice of the contents of the draft minerals programme; and

(b)

specify the Internet site referred to in subsection (1)(c) where the draft minerals programme may be inspected; and

(c)

indicate that submissions may be made on the draft minerals programme, how submissions may be made, and by what date.

Section 17: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

18 Submissions

(1)

Any person may make a submission on a draft minerals programme.

(2)

A submission under subsection (1) must be received by the chief executive not later than 40 working days after the date of public notification under section 17.

(3)

If any submission is made under this section, the chief executive must, following the expiry of the time for making submissions, arrange for a report and recommendations to be made to the Minister in respect of all submissions.

(4)

The Minister must consider the report and recommendations made under subsection (3) and may make such changes to the draft minerals programme as the Minister thinks fit.

(5)

Despite the provisions of the Official Information Act 1982, if a request is made by any person for disclosure of information contained in a submission, the department or Minister to whom the request was made may refuse to make the information available if the department or Minister is satisfied that—

(a)

such refusal is necessary to avoid serious offence to tikanga Māori or to avoid the disclosure of the location of wāhi tapu; and

(b)

in the circumstances of the particular case, the importance of avoiding such offence or disclosure outweighs the public interest in making that information available.

Section 18: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

19 Issue of minerals programmes

(1)

The Governor-General may, by Order in Council made on the recommendation of the Minister, issue a minerals programme or a change to a minerals programme.

(2)

Before recommending the making of an order, the Minister must satisfy those requirements of sections 15 to 18 relevant to the order.

(3)

An order under this section—

(a)

is secondary legislation (see Part 3 of the Legislation Act 2019 for publication requirements); but

(b)

despite section 67(d)(i) of that Act, is not to be drafted by the PCO.

(4)

[Repealed]

Legislation Act 2019 requirements for secondary legislation made under this section
PublicationThe maker must: LA19 ss 73, 74(1)(a), Sch 1 cl 14
• notify it in the Gazette, and in 1 or more daily newspapers circulating in the main metropolitan areas, with details of where it is publicly available
• publish it on a website maintained by, or on behalf of, the chief executive
• make it available for inspection
• comply with section 20
PresentationThe Minister must present it to the House of RepresentativesLA19 s 114, Sch 1 cl 32(1)(a)
DisallowanceIt may be disallowed by the House of Representatives LA19 ss 115, 116
This note is not part of the Act.

Section 19: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 19(3): replaced, on 28 October 2021, by section 3 of the Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7).

Section 19(4): repealed, on 28 October 2021, by section 3 of the Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7).

20 Notification of minerals programmes

The Minister must notify every person who made a submission on the draft programme under section 18 that the minerals programme has been issued and where it is available.

(a)
[Repealed]

(b)
[Repealed]

(c)
[Repealed]

(d)
[Repealed]

Section 20: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 20: amended, on 28 October 2021, by section 3 of the Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7).

Section 20(a): repealed, on 28 October 2021, by section 3 of the Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7).

Section 20(b): repealed, on 28 October 2021, by section 3 of the Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7).

Section 20(c): repealed, on 28 October 2021, by section 3 of the Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7).

Section 20(d): repealed, on 28 October 2021, by section 3 of the Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7).

21 Minister may defer consideration of application for permit

(1)

Subsection (2) applies if the Minister has publicly notified a proposed change to a minerals programme and—

(a)

the chief executive has received an application for a permit for a mineral to which the programme applies after the proposed change has been notified; and

(b)

if the proposed change were in force, it would be likely that the Minister’s decisions in respect of the application would be different than if the decisions were made without the proposed change.

(2)

The Minister may defer his or her consideration of the application until—

(a)

the date on which the proposed change takes effect (in accordance with the Legislation Act 2019); or

(b)

if the Minister decides not to proceed with the change, the date on which the Minister publicly notifies his or her decision under section 16(5).

Section 21: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 21(2)(a): amended, on 28 October 2021, by section 3 of the Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7).

22 Minister and chief executive must act in accordance with minerals programmes

(1)

The Minister and the chief executive must act in accordance with a minerals programme.

(2)

However, if there is any inconsistency between the actions required of them under a minerals programme (or a relevant minerals programme that has effect during a transitional period) and the actions required of them under this Act or any of the regulations, they must act in accordance with the Act or the regulation.

Section 22: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Part 1B Permits, access to land, and other matters

Part 1B heading: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 19 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Subpart 1—Permits, access to land, and title notations

Subpart 1 heading: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 15 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

23 Purpose of permits

(1)

The purpose of a prospecting permit is to authorise the permit holder to prospect for minerals as specified in the permit.

(2)

The purpose of an exploration permit is to authorise the permit holder to explore for minerals as specified in the permit.

(3)

The purpose of a mining permit is to authorise the permit holder to mine for minerals as specified in the permit.

Section 23: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 19 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

23A Application for permits

(1)

Any person or persons may apply to the chief executive for a permit in respect of a mineral in land, whether or not there is a minerals programme for the mineral.

(2)

However,—

(a)

a person may not apply under this section for an exploration permit for petroleum (but see section 24(1) and (5A)):

(b)

a person may apply under this section for a prospecting permit for petroleum, or a mining permit for petroleum, in respect of any land in the onshore Taranaki region only:

(c)

the chief executive must not accept an application for a permit for petroleum in respect of any land outside the onshore Taranaki region:

(d)

this subsection applies despite anything to the contrary in this Act (including sections 1A, 25(1)(b)(i), and 32).

Section 23A: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 19 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 23A(2): inserted, on 13 November 2018, by section 5 of the Crown Minerals (Petroleum) Amendment Act 2018 (2018 No 49).

24 Allocation by public tender

(1)

Unless a minerals programme expressly provides otherwise, the Minister may, from time to time, by notice in such publications as the Minister considers appropriate, offer permits for allocation by public tender.

(2)

Every notice for the purposes of subsection (1) shall specify—

(a)

the type of permit offered; and

(b)

the land and minerals to which the permit relates; and

(c)

the manner in which tenders must be submitted, and the time by which tenders must be received by the Minister, in order for such tenders to be valid; and

(ca)

that each tender must include an application that complies with section 29A(1) and be accompanied by sufficient information in relation to the permit offered for the Minister to satisfy himself or herself of the matters set out in section 29A(2) or the matters required under section 29B, as the case may be; and

(cb)

that, if the tender is to be considered in accordance with section 29B, the tender must include a statement to that effect; and

(d)

the conditions to which any permit granted pursuant to the tender will be subject.

(3)

The Minister shall not accept any tender which does not comply in a material way with the requirements of the notice.

(4)

The Minister may amend or revoke a notice before the time by which tenders must be received expires.

(4A)

To avoid doubt, tenders must be assessed by the Minister in accordance with this section and the criteria in section 29A or in section 29B, as the case may be.

(5)

The Minister may decline to grant any permit pursuant to a tender.

(5A)

The following provisions apply to offers of permits for petroleum under subsection (1):

(a)

an offer may be made in respect of any land in the onshore Taranaki region only:

(b)

the Minister must not accept a tender for a permit for petroleum in respect of any land outside the onshore Taranaki region:

(c)

a person may submit a tender for a permit for petroleum only in accordance with an offer (if any) made in accordance with this section:

(d)

this subsection applies despite anything to the contrary in this Act (including section 1A).

(6)

A permit granted pursuant to a tender shall be subject to the relevant conditions specified in the notice, unless otherwise agreed with the applicant.

Section 24(1): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 24(2)(ca): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 20A(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 24(2)(cb): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 20A(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 24(4A): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 20A(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 24(5A): inserted, on 13 November 2018, by section 6 of the Crown Minerals (Petroleum) Amendment Act 2018 (2018 No 49).

25 Grant of permit

(1)

The Minister may grant a prospecting permit, an exploration permit, or a mining permit under this Act in respect of minerals in land—

(a)

to any person or persons; and

(b)

in either of the following ways:

(i)

as the result of an application initiated by a person under section 23A:

(ii)

as the result of a public tender process under section 24; and

(c)

subject to any conditions that the Minister may impose, as the Minister thinks fit, including authorising the prospecting or exploration for, or mining of, a mineral only—

(i)

in particular circumstances; or

(ii)

by means of a particular method; or

(iii)

if the mineral occurs in a particular state, place, phase, or stratum.

(2)

However, the Minister is not obliged to grant a permit to any person or persons unless expressly required to do so under section 32.

(2A)

The Minister must not grant a permit for petroleum in respect of any land outside the onshore Taranaki region (despite anything to the contrary in this Act (including section 1A)).

(3)

Each permit granted by the Minister must specify—

(a)

the minerals and land to which the permit applies; and

(b)

the conditions on which the permit is granted; and

(c)

the names of the permit participants; and

(d)

the name of the permit operator; and

(e)

if any of the minerals to which the permit applies are minerals listed in the first column of Schedule 5, whether the permit in respect of those minerals is a Tier 1 or a Tier 2 permit.

(4)

A permit may also specify the date on which the permit expires if the permit is to expire on a date earlier than the default expiry date set out in section 35.

(5)

A permit must not be granted under this Part if a monetary deposit or bond that is required by the Minister as security for compliance with the conditions of the permit has not been deposited with the chief executive.

(6)

The Minister must not grant an exploration permit or a mining permit in respect of privately owned minerals, except as provided for by section 84 of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011.

(7)

If an existing privilege exists, the Minister must not grant a permit in respect of all or part of the land and the mineral to which the privilege relates without the consent of the current holder of the privilege.

(8)

Subsection (1) is subject to section 5A(3) of the Continental Shelf Act 1964.

Section 25: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 21 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 25(2A): inserted, on 13 November 2018, by section 7 of the Crown Minerals (Petroleum) Amendment Act 2018 (2018 No 49).

25A Record of permit

(1)

On the granting of a permit, the chief executive must forward 1 copy of the permit to the permit holder.

(2)

The chief executive must also forward 1 copy of the permit to the Registrar of the Māori Land Court if the permit was granted in respect of Māori land.

(3)

On receipt of a copy of a permit under subsection (2), the Registrar of the Māori Land Court must enter in his or her records the particulars of the permit.

Section 25A: inserted, on 21 August 2003, by section 4 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 25A(1): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 25A(2): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

26 Priority of applications if more than 1 made and no minerals programme

(1)

Subject to the provisions of this Act, if more than 1 application is made for a permit in respect of all or part of the same land and in respect of a common mineral, and there is no minerals programme for that mineral, the applicant whose application is first received by the chief executive shall have a right in priority over every other applicant to have a permit granted in respect of such land and mineral.

(2)

If 2 or more applications in respect of the same or partly the same land and a common mineral appear to have been received at the same time, the applicant to have a prior right shall be determined as the Minister thinks fit.

(3)

Every applicant who has a right of priority under this section shall retain the right until that application has been finally disposed of by being granted, refused, or withdrawn.

(4)

An applicant shall not have a right of priority under this section over any tender for a permit in respect of the same or partly the same land and a common mineral if that application was received on or after the date of publication of the notice of offer of the permit to which any such tender relates.

(5)

The chief executive shall be under no obligation to process an application for a permit while it is in second or subsequent priority to another application.

Section 26(1): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 26(3): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 26(4): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 26(5): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

27 Permit holder must have permit operator

(1)

A permit holder must have a permit operator.

(2)

A permit operator must be a permit participant.

(3)

For the purposes of the permit, this Act, and the regulations, the permit operator is responsible, on behalf of the permit holder, for the day-to-day management of activities under the permit.

Section 27: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 22 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

28 Restriction on granting of prospecting permits

Where, in respect of any application for a prospecting permit, the Minister considers that—

(a)

the prospecting proposed in the application is unlikely to materially add to the existing knowledge of the mineral in all or part of the land to which the application relates; or

(b)

there exists, at the time of the application, substantial interest in exploring for or mining the mineral in all or part of the land to which the application relates,—

the Minister shall not grant a prospecting permit in respect of the mineral and the land or part of the land concerned unless he or she is satisfied that special circumstances apply.

28A Declaration that permits not to be issued or extended for specified land for specified period

(1)

The Minister may declare that, during a specified period, specified kinds of permits—

(a)

will not be granted in respect of specified land; and

(b)

will not have the area of land that those permits apply to extended to include any of that specified land.

(1A)

For the purposes of subsection (1),—

(a)

the declaration may be made only if the Minister believes that the declaration is necessary to better meet the purpose of this Act:

(b)

the declaration must be made by notice published under the Legislation Act 2019.

(2)

A notice under subsection (1A)(b)

(a)

must specify the kind or kinds of permits to which it applies:

(b)

must specify the land to which it applies:

(c)

may apply to different minerals, to minerals that occur in a particular state, place, phase, or stratum, or to minerals that are to be explored for or mined by a particular method:

(d)

has effect until the close of the earlier of the following periods:

(i)

the period specified in the notice:

(ii)

3 years from the date on which the notice is published.

(3)

The Minister must not accept a permit application that is contrary to a notice under subsection (1A)(b) while the notice has effect, unless the application relates to a subsequent permit referred to in subsection (4)(c).

(4)

A notice under subsection (1A)(b) does not affect any—

(a)

application received by the Minister before the notice is published; or

(b)

permit granted before the notice is published; or

(ba)

power to extend the duration of a permit; or

(c)

right under section 32 of the holder of a permit described in paragraph (b) to be granted a subsequent permit.

(5)

A notice under subsection (1A)(b) is secondary legislation (see Part 3 of the Legislation Act 2019 for publication requirements).

Legislation Act 2019 requirements for secondary legislation made under this section
PublicationThe maker must publish it in the GazetteLA19 ss 73, 74(1)(a), Sch 1 cl 14
PresentationIt is not required to be presented to the House of Representatives because a transitional exemption applies under Schedule 1 of the Legislation Act 2019LA19 s 114, Sch 1 cl 32(1)(a)
DisallowanceIt may be disallowed by the House of Representatives LA19 ss 115, 116
This note is not part of the Act.

Section 28A: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 23 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 28A(1): replaced, on 19 February 2019, by section 6(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 28A(1A): inserted, on 19 February 2019, by section 6(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 28A(1A)(b): amended, on 28 October 2021, by section 3 of the Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7).

Section 28A(2): amended, on 19 February 2019, by section 6(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 28A(2)(d)(ii): amended, on 28 October 2021, by section 3 of the Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7).

Section 28A(3): amended, on 19 February 2019, by section 6(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 28A(4): amended, on 19 February 2019, by section 6(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 28A(4)(a): amended, on 28 October 2021, by section 3 of the Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7).

Section 28A(4)(b): amended, on 28 October 2021, by section 3 of the Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7).

Section 28A(4)(ba): inserted, on 19 February 2019, by section 6(3) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 28A(5): inserted, on 28 October 2021, by section 3 of the Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7).

29 Minister may require survey to be done

Where the Minister considers it appropriate to do so, the Minister may require that land to which an application for a permit relates be surveyed in the prescribed manner and may postpone making a determination in respect of the granting of a permit until a survey plan, certified by the Surveyor-General, has been lodged with the chief executive by or on behalf of the applicant.

Section 29: amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Process for dealing with applications for permits

Heading: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 24 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

29A Process for considering application

(1)

An applicant for a permit must provide to the Minister—

(a)

the name and contact details of the proposed permit participants and the proposed permit operator; and

(b)

a proposed work programme for the proposed permit, which may comprise committed work, or committed and contingent work; and

(c)

in the case of an exploration permit for minerals other than petroleum, an estimate of the expected total work programme expenditure in relation to the permit; and

(d)

any other information prescribed in the regulations.

(2)

Before granting a permit, the Minister must be satisfied—

(a)

that the proposed work programme provided by the applicant is consistent with—

(i)

the purpose of this Act; and

(ii)

the purpose of the proposed permit; and

(iii)

good industry practice in respect of the proposed activities; and

(b)

that the applicant is highly likely to comply with, and give proper effect to, the proposed work programme, taking into account—

(i)

the applicant’s technical capability; and

(ii)

the applicant’s financial capability; and

(iii)

any relevant information on the applicant’s failure to comply with permits or rights, or conditions in respect of those permits or rights, to prospect, explore, or mine in New Zealand or internationally; and

(c)

that the applicant is highly likely to comply with the relevant obligations under the Act or the regulations in respect of reporting and the payment of fees and royalties; and

(d)

in the case of a Tier 1 permit for exploration or mining, that the proposed permit operator has, or is highly likely to have, by the time the relevant work in any granted permit is undertaken, the capability and systems that are likely to be required to meet the health and safety and environmental requirements of all specified Acts for the types of activities proposed under the permit.

(3)

For the purposes of the Minister satisfying himself or herself of the matter in subsection (2)(d), the Minister—

(a)

is only required to undertake a high-level preliminary assessment; and

(b)

must seek the views of the health and safety regulator and may, but is not required to, obtain the views of any other regulatory agency; and

(c)

may, but is not required to, rely on the views of the regulatory agencies; and

(d)

is not required to duplicate any assessment process that a regulatory agency may be required to undertake in accordance with a specified Act.

(4)

To avoid doubt, subsection (2)(d) does not limit, have any effect on, or have any bearing on—

(a)

whether the permit holder or permit operator is required to obtain any permit, consent, or other permission under any health and safety or environmental legislation:

(b)

the granting to the permit holder or permit operator of any permit, consent, or other permission necessary under any health and safety or environmental legislation by any government agency, consent authority, or Minister responsible for the administration of that legislation.

(5)

This section is subject to section 29B.

Section 29A: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 24 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 29A(2)(b): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 8(1) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 29A(2)(c): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 8(1) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 29A(2)(d): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 8(2) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 29A(3)(b): amended, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

29B Process for considering application under public tender for conditional exploration permit

(1)

This section applies if—

(a)

a Tier 1 permit for exploration is offered for allocation by public tender under section 24(1); and

(b)

a tender made in response to the offer under section 24(1) states that it is to be considered in accordance with this section; and

(c)

the proposed work programme provided with the tender contains an exploration drilling committal date.

(2)

If this section applies, the Minister must, when considering whether to grant the permit to the tenderer, be satisfied of the matters set out in section 29A(2)(b) and (d) only in relation to work that will be undertaken before the exploration drilling committal date.

(3)

If a permit is granted in accordance with this section,—

(a)

work cannot be undertaken after the exploration drilling committal date unless, before that date,—

(i)

the Minister has, upon application by the permit holder, satisfied himself or herself of the matters set out in section 29A(2)(b) and (d) in relation to that work; and

(ii)

the permit holder has committed, in accordance with the permit, to drilling for exploration purposes; and

(b)

the requirements of paragraph (a) are a condition of the permit.

(4)

For the purposes of subsection (3),—

(a)

section 29A(3) and (4) apply for the purposes of the Minister satisfying himself or herself; and

(b)

section 29A(2) to (4) must be read with all necessary modifications.

(5)

In this section,—

exploration drilling committal date means the point in a work programme at which a permit holder must commit to drilling for exploration purposes or surrender the permit

work means work to be undertaken under a work programme for a permit.

Section 29B: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 24 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Conditions of permits

30 Rights to prospect, explore, mine

(1)

Subject to section 8, the holder of a current prospecting permit shall have a right to prospect for the mineral, in the land, and on the conditions, stated in the permit, whether the mineral is owned by the Crown or privately owned.

(2)

Subject to section 8, the holder of a current exploration permit shall have the rights of a holder of a current prospecting permit and, in addition, a right to explore for the Crown owned mineral, in the land, and on the conditions, stated in the permit.

(3)

Subject to section 8 and subsections (4) and (5), the holder of a mining permit shall have the rights of a holder of a current exploration permit and, in addition, a right to mine the Crown owned mineral, in the land, and on the conditions, stated in the permit.

(4)

Where a mining permit states that the right to mine only applies to a specified discovery of a mineral, the right to mine shall only extend to that discovery.

(5)

Where a mining permit states that the right to mine only applies to a specified discovery of a mineral, and the holder of the permit makes a further discovery in relation to a mineral and land to which the permit relates, the permit holder shall only have a right to receive a mining permit in accordance with section 32 in relation to that discovery—

(a)

if within 12 months after making the further discovery, the permit holder notifies the Minister in writing of the making of the discovery and that the permit holder is interested in applying for a permit to mine the discovery; and

(b)

within the period notified to the permit holder under subsection (6).

(6)

On receiving a notice from a permit holder under subsection (5), the Minister shall notify the permit holder in writing of the period which in the Minister’s opinion is reasonable to allow for—

(a)

the carrying out of the necessary appraisal work in respect of the discovery; and

(b)

the preparation of a work programme for the mining of the discovery; and

(c)

the consideration and granting of an application for a permit to mine the discovery.

(7)

Subject to subsection (8) and unless the permit expressly provides otherwise, the rights referred to in subsections (1) to (3) are exclusive to the permit holder.

(8)

A permit conferring all or any of the same rights as a current permit in respect of all or part of the same land and the same mineral may only be granted to a person other than the holder of the current permit with the prior written consent of the current permit holder.

Section 30(1): amended, on 28 September 1993, by section 5 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 1993 (1993 No 139).

Section 30(2): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 30(3): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 30(5): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 30(8): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

31 Right of permit holder to minerals

Every permit holder shall be the owner of all minerals lawfully obtained by or on behalf of the permit holder in the course of activities authorised by the permit.

32 Right of permit holder to subsequent permits

(1)

Subject to sections 22, 27, 29A, and 43, and subsection (7), and unless the prospecting permit expressly provides otherwise, if the holder of a prospecting permit satisfies the Minister that the results of his or her prospecting under the prospecting permit justifies the granting of an exploration permit in respect of any land and mineral to which the prospecting permit relates, the permit holder shall have the right, on applying under section 23A before the expiry of the prospecting permit, to surrender the permit insofar as it relates to that land and to be granted in exchange an exploration permit for that land and mineral.

(2)

If an exploration permit is granted in accordance with subsection (1), and the prospecting permit in respect of which it is granted specified any condition to be included in such exploration permit, no other or additional condition which modifies or conflicts with that condition shall be included in the exploration permit without the consent of the permit holder.

(3)

Subject to sections 22, 27, 29A, and 43, and subsection (7), and unless the exploration permit expressly provides otherwise, if the holder of an exploration permit satisfies the Minister that he or she has, as a result of activities authorised by the permit, discovered a deposit or occurrence of a mineral to which the permit relates, the permit holder shall have the right, on applying under section 23A before the expiry of the exploration permit, to surrender the permit insofar as it relates to the land in which the deposit or occurrence exists and to be granted in exchange a mining permit for that land and mineral.

(4)

A permit granted in accordance with this section may be limited to such part of the land to which the current permit relates as the Minister determines is reasonably adequate to enable the activities authorised by the subsequent permit to be carried out.

(5)

Subsection (5A) applies if a mining permit is to be granted in accordance with subsection (3) and the initial permit or any subsequent permit specified any condition to be included in the mining permit or in any subsequent privilege, right, or licence conferring a right to mine.

(5A)

The condition must be included in the mining permit, unless the Minister and the holder of the exploration permit otherwise agree, and, subject to subpart 2 of Part 1B, no other condition which modifies or conflicts with the condition may be included in the mining permit without the consent of the holder of the mining permit.

(6)

For the purposes of this section—

(a)

an exploration permit shall be deemed to be an exploration permit and a prospecting permit; and

(b)

a mining permit shall be deemed to be a mining permit and an exploration permit and a prospecting permit.

(7)

The Minister may not grant an exploration permit or a mining permit under this section in respect of minerals that are privately owned except in the case of minerals owned by customary marine title groups, as provided for in section 83(2) of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011 and subject to section 84 of that Act.

(8)

A permit that is the subject of an application for a subsequent permit under this section continues in force until the Minister determines the application.

Section 32(1): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 25(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 32(1): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 25(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 32(1): amended, on 28 September 1993, by section 6(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 1993 (1993 No 139).

Section 32(3): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 25(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 32(3): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 25(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 32(3): amended, on 28 September 1993, by section 6(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 1993 (1993 No 139).

Section 32(4): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 25(3) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 32(5): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 25(4) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 32(5A): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 25(4) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 32(5A): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 9 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 32(7): added, on 28 September 1993, by section 6(4) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 1993 (1993 No 139).

Section 32(7): amended, on 1 April 2011, by section 128 of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011 (2011 No 3).

Section 32(8): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 25(5) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

33 Permit holder responsibilities

(1)

A permit holder must—

(a)

comply with—

(i)

the conditions of the permit; and

(ii)

this Act and the regulations; and

(iii)

the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 and regulations made under that Act; and

(b)

perform activities under the permit in accordance with good industry practice; and

(c)

submit royalty returns, and pay royalties; and

(d)

keep records for at least 7 years after the year to which they relate or for at least 2 years after the permit to which they relate ceases to be in force, whichever is the longer; and

(e)

co-operate with the Minister, the chief executive, and enforcement officers for the purpose of complying with the conditions of the permit, this Act, and the regulations.

(2)

Subsection (3) applies if the permit holder is 2 or more persons.

(3)

Each person to whom this subsection applies is jointly and severally liable to comply with and perform the obligations of the permit holder under the permit, this Act, and the regulations.

Section 33: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 26 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 33(1)(a)(iii): amended, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

33A Exercise of permit conditional on authorisation

(1)

This section applies if—

(a)

in accordance with regulations made under the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 an activity must be authorised (as defined in section 203 of that Act); and

(b)

the activity is an activity of a type authorised under a permit; and

(c)

the regulations referred to in paragraph (a) specify that it is an authorisation for the purposes of this section.

(2)

Despite the activity being authorised under a permit, it must not be carried out until—

(a)

it has been authorised in accordance with subpart 2 of Part 5 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 or regulations made under that Act; and

(b)

the health and safety regulator has advised the chief executive that the activity has been so authorised; and

(c)

the chief executive has notified the permit holder of the health and safety regulator’s advice.

Section 33A: replaced, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

33B Health and Safety regulator to notify chief executive of breaches of legislation

(1)

The health and safety regulator must notify the chief executive if—

(a)

a permit holder is issued with a prohibition notice under section 105 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015; or

(b)

an enforcement action (as defined in section 141 of that Act) is taken against the permit holder under that Act.

(2)

Nothing in this Act derogates from the health and safety regulator’s responsibility for the administration and enforcement of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015.

Section 33B: replaced, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

33C Iwi engagement reports

(1)

Every holder of a Tier 1 permit must provide to the Minister an annual report of the holder’s engagement with iwi or hapū whose rohe includes some or all of the permit area or who otherwise may be directly affected by the permit.

(2)

Every holder of a Tier 2 permit of any class or kind specified in the regulations must provide to the Minister an annual report of the holder’s engagement with iwi or hapū whose rohe includes some or all of the permit area or who otherwise may be directly affected by the permit.

(3)

Regulations may specify—

(a)

an annual period to which annual reports must apply, which may vary for different classes or kinds of Tier 2 permit:

(b)

a time by which annual reports must be provided, which may vary for different classes or kinds of Tier 2 permit.

(4)

The first report to be provided under subsection (1) must relate to the period of 12 months ending with 31 December 2014.

Section 33C: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 26 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

33D Annual review meeting for holders of Tier 1 permits

(1)

The chief executive may require the holder of a Tier 1 permit to attend, once in each permit year, a review meeting for the purposes of—

(a)

monitoring the permit holder’s progress against the work programme for the permit; and

(b)

providing an opportunity for discussion between the chief executive, the permit holder, the appropriate Minister (but only if the permit relates to Crown land), and any regulatory agency that the chief executive has invited to attend the meeting.

(2)

Without limiting subsection (1)(b), the chief executive must invite any regulatory agency that he or she thinks is likely to have regulatory oversight of the activities under the permit to attend a review meeting. However, the chief executive may limit the agency’s attendance at the meeting to only those parts of the meeting that are relevant to its oversight.

(3)

Unless otherwise agreed between the chief executive and a permit holder, a review meeting must be—

(a)

held on a date and at a place notified to the permit holder by the chief executive (which date must be at least 20 working days after the date of notification); and

(b)

attended by at least 1 representative of the permit operator who has sufficient seniority, expertise, and knowledge to enable full discussion of the work programme and conditions of the permit.

(4)

Any person other than those referred to in subsections (1) and (2) may attend a review meeting only with the consent of the permit holder.

Section 33D: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 26 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

34 Financial return to the Crown

The Minister may—

(a)

require, in return for any permit granted under this Act, the payment of money to the Crown:

(b)

include in any permit granted under this Act a condition requiring payments to the Crown by the permit holder for—

(i)

the rights given by the permit and this Act; and

(ii)

any minerals obtained by the permit holder under the permit.

Section 34(a): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 34(b): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 34(b)(i): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

35 Duration of permit

(1)

A prospecting permit expires—

(a)

4 years after the commencement date specified in the permit; or

(b)

if an earlier expiry date is specified in the permit, on that date.

(2)

A prospecting permit may not be extended beyond 4 years after the commencement date specified in the permit.

(3)

An exploration permit for petroleum expires—

(a)

15 years after the commencement date specified in the permit; or

(b)

if an earlier expiry date is specified in the permit, on that date.

(4)

An exploration permit for petroleum may be extended only in accordance with section 35A.

(5)

An exploration permit for minerals other than petroleum expires—

(a)

10 years after the commencement date specified in the permit; or

(b)

if an earlier expiry date is specified in the permit, on that date.

(6)

An exploration permit for minerals other than petroleum may not be extended beyond 10 years after the commencement date specified in the permit, unless extended further under section 35A.

(7)

A mining permit expires—

(a)

40 years after the commencement date specified in the permit; or

(b)

if an earlier expiry date is specified in the permit, on that date.

(8)

A mining permit may be extended only in accordance with section 36(1), (2), and (5).

(9)

The Minister may, on the application of a permit holder, amend the commencement date of a permit, and subsection (1), (3), (5), or (7) applies accordingly, if the Minister is satisfied that—

(a)

the permit holder has been prevented from commencing activities under the permit by delays in obtaining consents under any Act; and

(b)

those delays have not been caused or contributed to by default on the part of the permit holder.

(10)

If the Minister amends the commencement date of a permit under subsection (9), the new commencement date must be specified in the permit.

Section 35: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 27 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

35A Appraisal extension of exploration permits

(1)

The holder of an exploration permit may apply to the Minister, in accordance with section 36(1) to (4), for an extension to the duration of the permit (an appraisal extension) so as to appraise the extent and characteristics of a discovery and the Minister may grant an extension for that purpose for any period the Minister considers necessary, up to a maximum of 4 years.

(2)

However, the Minister may grant an appraisal extension under subsection (1) only if the Minister is satisfied that—

(a)

the permit holder has made a discovery that has the potential to lead to the granting of a mining permit; and

(b)

the current specified duration of the exploration permit does not allow sufficient time to appraise the discovery; and

(c)

the work programme in relation to the appraisal is adequate.

(3)

If the Minister grants an appraisal extension, it must be restricted to the land in the permit to which the Minister determines it is likely that the discovery relates.

(4)

A permit holder granted an appraisal extension under subsection (1) may apply to the Minister once only for a further appraisal extension, and subsection (1) applies as if the reference to an appraisal extension were a reference to a further appraisal extension.

Section 35A: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 27 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

35B Conditions imposing relinquishment obligation: prospecting permits

(1)

The Minister may impose a condition of the kind described in subsection (2) on—

(a)

the grant of a prospecting permit other than a prospecting permit for petroleum; or

(b)

the grant of an application for a change to any prospecting permit other than a prospecting permit for petroleum.

(2)

The Minister may impose a condition requiring the permit holder to relinquish a specified amount of the permit area at a specified time or on a specified event (a relinquishment obligation).

(3)

The Minister may impose a relinquishment obligation not more than twice in relation to a permit, and the total area to be relinquished must not exceed 50% of the original area of land to which the permit applied.

(4)

The holder of a permit that is subject to a relinquishment obligation must submit to the Minister for approval, within the time frame specified in the permit condition, a map of the area that the holder proposes to relinquish.

(5)

The Minister must consider the map and approve the area to be relinquished, with or without amendment, as he or she thinks fit.

Section 35B: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 27 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

35C Conditions imposing relinquishment obligation: exploration permits

(1)

The Minister may impose a condition of the kind described in subsection (2) on—

(a)

the grant of an exploration permit; or

(b)

the grant of an application for a change to an exploration permit.

(2)

The Minister may impose a condition requiring the permit holder to relinquish a specified amount of the permit area at a specified time or on a specified event (a relinquishment obligation).

(3)

The Minister may impose a relinquishment obligation not more than twice in relation to a permit, and the total area to be relinquished must not exceed,—

(a)

in the case of an exploration permit for petroleum, 75% of the original area of land to which the permit applied:

(b)

in the case of an exploration permit for minerals other than petroleum, 50% of the original area of land to which the permit applied.

(4)

The holder of a permit that is subject to a relinquishment obligation must submit to the Minister for approval, within the time frame specified in the permit condition, a map of the area that the holder proposes to relinquish.

(5)

The Minister must consider the map and approve the area to be relinquished, with or without amendment, as he or she thinks fit.

Section 35C: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 27 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Changes to permits

Heading: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 28 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

36 Change to permit

(1)

The Minister may, on any conditions that he or she thinks fit and at any time or times during the currency of a permit, change a permit by granting a certificate of change to the permit—

(a)

with the prior written consent of the permit holder; or

(b)

on the written application of the permit holder; or

(c)

in the manner, if any, provided in the permit.

(2)

A change to a permit may do 1 or more of the following:

(a)

amend the conditions of the permit:

(b)

extend the land to which the permit relates:

(c)

change the minerals to which the permit relates:

(d)

extend the duration of the permit.

(2A)

However, the land to which a permit for petroleum relates cannot be extended to include any land outside the onshore Taranaki region.

(3)

An application under subsection (1)(b) to extend the duration of an exploration permit for petroleum may only be made as provided by section 35A or to enable the holder of a permit relating to petroleum to complete their decommissioning obligations under subpart 2 of Part 1B, or the holder of a permit relating to minerals to complete rehabilitation work.

(4)

An application under subsection (1)(b) to extend the duration of a mining permit in accordance with this section, or to extend the duration of an exploration permit under section 35A or to enable the holder of a permit relating to petroleum to complete their decommissioning obligations under subpart 2 of Part 1B, or the holder of a permit relating to minerals to complete rehabilitation work, must be received by the Minister not later than 6 months before the expiry of the permit.

(4A)

However, if the Minister is satisfied that there are compelling reasons why a permit holder could not comply with subsection (4), the Minister may receive an application by a later date agreed by the Minister.

(4B)

All other applications under subsection (1)(b) must be received by the Minister not later than 90 days before—

(a)

the expiry date of the permit; or

(b)

in the case of an application to change the specified date by which specified work must be carried out, the specified date; or

(c)

in the case of an application to change the specified work that must be carried out by a specified date, the specified date.

(4C)

However, if the Minister is satisfied that there are compelling reasons why a permit holder could not comply with subsection (4B), the Minister may receive an application by a later date agreed by the Minister (which date must not be later than the date of expiry of the permit or the specified date by which the specified work must be done).

(4D)

If a permit holder makes an application to which subsection (4B)(b) or (c) applies, the permit holder does not contravene the condition that the permit holder has applied to change if the condition—

(a)

must be complied with or fulfilled while the application is being considered by the Minister; and

(b)

is not complied with or fulfilled while the application is being considered by the Minister.

(4E)

However, if the application is declined, the permit holder contravenes the condition from the date on which the condition should have been complied with or fulfilled.

(5)

Subject to subsection (5AA), the duration of a mining permit may not be extended under this section unless the permit holder—

(a)

satisfies the Minister that the discovery to which the permit relates cannot be economically depleted before the expiry date of the permit (and in this respect the Minister may consider the extent to which the inability to deplete the discovery during the term of the permit is due to causes or reasons beyond the permit holder’s control); and

(b)

where required to do so by the Minister, submits a work programme which is approved by the Minister in the same manner, with any necessary modifications, as a work programme is approved under section 43

and any such extension shall be only for such period as the Minister considers reasonable to enable the permit holder to economically deplete the discovery.

(5AA)

The duration of any permit may be extended,—

(a)

if the permit relates to petroleum, to enable the permit holder to complete their decommissioning obligations under subpart 2 of Part 1B:

(b)

if the permit relates to minerals, to enable the permit holder to complete rehabilitation work.

(5A)

A permit that is the subject of an application for an extension of duration under this section or section 35A continues in force until the Minister determines the application.

(5B)

On the granting of a certificate of change in relation to a permit, the chief executive must forward 1 copy of the certificate of change to the permit holder.

(5C)

If the certificate of change is for an extension of land to which a permit relates and that extension of land was granted in respect of Māori land, the chief executive must also forward 1 copy of the certificate to the Registrar of the Māori Land Court.

(5D)

On receiving a copy of a certificate of change under subsection (5C), the Registrar of the Māori Land Court must enter in his or her records the particulars of that certificate.

(6)

Every application under this section shall be in the form and contain the information required by the Minister in that case.

Section 36(1): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 29(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 36(2): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 29(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 36(2A): inserted, on 13 November 2018, by section 8 of the Crown Minerals (Petroleum) Amendment Act 2018 (2018 No 49).

Section 36(3): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 29(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 36(3): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 10(1) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 36(4): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 29(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 36(4): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 10(2) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 36(4A): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 29(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 36(4B): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 29(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 36(4C): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 29(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 36(4D): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 29(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 36(4E): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 29(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 36(5): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 10(3) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 36(5AA): inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 10(4) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 36(5)(a): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 29(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 36(5A): inserted, on 21 August 2003, by section 5(3) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 36(5A): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 29(3) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 36(5B): inserted, on 21 August 2003, by section 5(3) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 36(5B): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 36(5C): inserted, on 21 August 2003, by section 5(3) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 36(5C): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 36(5D): inserted, on 21 August 2003, by section 5(3) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

37 Process for Minister’s proposal to change work programme for petroleum mining permit

(1)

The work programme for a petroleum mining permit granted on or after the commencement of this section may be changed in accordance with this section if the change is necessary to maximise the economic recovery of the petroleum in accordance with good industry practice.

(2)

If the Minister considers, on the basis of information on the characteristics and extent of the petroleum field received by the Minister at any time during the currency of the permit, that a change to the work programme is necessary, the Minister must notify the permit holder of the proposed change and set out the reasons why it is being proposed.

(3)

If the permit holder and the Minister cannot agree on the proposed changes, the permit holder may notify the Minister within 30 days after the date of the notification under subsection (2) (or within any further time that the Minister may allow) that the permit holder requires a determination by an independent expert on—

(a)

whether the work programme should be changed to maximise the economic recovery of the petroleum in accordance with good industry practice; and

(b)

what any change should be.

(4)

If the permit holder does not exercise the right under subsection (3) within the time specified by or allowed under that subsection, the conditions of the permit are deemed to be changed as proposed by the Minister.

(5)

If the permit holder exercises the right under subsection (3) within the time specified by or allowed under that subsection, an independent expert must be appointed by agreement between the Minister and the permit holder, or, failing agreement, by the President of the New Zealand Law Society (or his or her delegate) on the application of either party.

Section 37: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 30 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

38 Determination by independent expert

(1)

In making a determination for the purposes of section 37(3), an independent expert must have regard to the submissions from the Minister and the permit holder respectively, but is not required to conduct a hearing.

(2)

Each party must provide a single set of written submissions, and any written evidence and any relevant documents or technical reports may be provided with the submissions.

(3)

In accordance with a timetable set by the independent expert,—

(a)

the permit holder must provide its submissions to the independent expert and provide a copy to the Minister at the same time; and

(b)

the Minister must subsequently provide his or her submissions to the independent expert and provide a copy to the permit holder at the same time.

(4)

The Minister and the permit holder must provide the independent expert with any assistance the independent expert may reasonably request.

(5)

After due consideration, the independent expert must provide a written determination to the Minister and the permit holder.

(6)

Any change to a work programme determined by the independent expert—

(a)

must be limited to what is reasonably required to ensure that the economic recovery of the resource is maximised in accordance with good industry practice; and

(b)

takes effect on the date of the determination.

(7)

The conditions of the permit holder’s permit are deemed to be changed—

(a)

in accordance with any change to a work programme determined by the independent expert; and

(b)

with effect on the date of the determination.

(8)

The independent expert must not act as a mediator or an arbitrator and the Arbitration Act 1996 does not apply.

(9)

The independent expert’s fees must be borne equally by the Minister and the permit holder unless the independent expert determines one party should bear a greater proportion or all of the fees on the ground that the party’s position has not been reasonable.

(10)

The independent expert’s determination is final and binding on the parties and there is no right of appeal against the determination. However, if the Minister and the permit holder agree a different allocation of costs to that determined by the independent expert, the determination must be treated as varied to the extent agreed.

(11)

The permit holder must continue to comply with its existing work programme pending the independent expert’s consideration and determination of the matter.

Section 38: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 30 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

39 Revocation or transfer of permit

(1)

The Minister may revoke a permit or transfer a permit to the Minister (in replacement for the permit holder)—

(a)

if the Minister is satisfied that a permit holder has contravened—

(i)

a condition of the permit; or

(ii)

this Act or the regulations; or

(b)

in any case where a condition relates to payment of money to the Crown under the permit, this Act, or the regulations, payment has not been made within 90 days after the due date for the payment.

(1A)

The Minister may also revoke a permit—

(a)

as referred to in section 41A(7); or

(b)

in accordance with section 41AF (but, in this case, subsections (2) to (4) of this section do not apply).

(2)

Before deciding whether to revoke or transfer a permit, the Minister must serve on the permit holder written notice of his or her intention to revoke or transfer the permit that—

(a)

sets out the grounds on which the Minister intends to revoke or transfer the permit; and

(b)

gives the holder 40 working days after the date on which the notice is served to—

(i)

remove the grounds for the revocation or transfer; or

(ii)

provide reasons why the permit should not be revoked or transferred.

(2A)

In the case of an intention to revoke a permit under section 41A(7)(b) where the change of control has been notified in accordance with section 41A(2), the Minister may only serve a notice under subsection (2) within 3 months after the later of the following:

(a)

the date on which the permit participant notifies the Minister of the change of control in accordance with section 41A(2):

(b)

the date by which the permit participant provides to the Minister all of the information and documents requested under section 41A(5) (if any).

(3)

The Minister may, by serving written notice on the permit holder, revoke or transfer the permit with effect on the date that is specified in the notice if—

(a)

the grounds for revocation or transfer have not been removed; or

(b)

after having considered reasons provided in accordance with subsection (2)(b)(ii), the Minister still considers there are grounds for revoking or transferring the permit.

(3A)

In the case of section 41A(7)(a), the following applies:

(a)

the Minister may, by serving written notice on the permit holder, revoke the permit with effect on the date specified in the notice if the Minister is satisfied that the permit should be revoked:

(b)

the Minister may be so satisfied even if the Minister becomes satisfied of the matter set out in section 41A(7)(b) (for example, the Minister may be satisfied that the permit should be revoked because there is no good reason to excuse the contravention of section 41A(2)).

(3B)

The notice under subsection (3) or (3A) may be served only on or after the date that is 40 working days after the date on which the notice under subsection (2) is served.

(4)

If the Minister transfers a permit in accordance with subsection (3),—

(a)

the permit is automatically transferred into the name of the Minister; and

(b)

the consent of the Minister under section 41 is not required to transfer the permit to, or from, the Minister; and

(c)

the Minister may exercise the rights granted by the permit, or offer it or any share in it for sale by public tender or otherwise.

(5)

A permit holder who is served with written notice under subsection (3) or (3A) may, not later than 20 working days after the date on which the notice is served, appeal against the Minister’s decision to the High Court, but only on the ground that the decision is erroneous in point of law.

(6)

Pending the determination of an appeal under subsection (5), the permit in respect of which the appeal is made continues in force for all purposes unless it sooner expires.

(6A)

The Minister must record any revocation or transfer of a permit on the register of permits, but need not record the reasons for the revocation or transfer.

(7)

The revocation of a permit or the transfer of a permit to the Minister under this section shall not release the permit holder from any liability in respect of—

(a)

a permit, or any condition of it, up to the date of revocation or transfer; and

(b)

any act under the permit up to the date of revocation or transfer giving rise to a cause of action.

(8)

As soon as practicable after a permit (other than a permit in respect of petroleum) is revoked, the chief executive shall lodge a copy of the notice served on the permit holder under subsection (2) with the Registrar-General of Land.

(9)

Subsection (8) applies only to permits granted before 21 August 2003.

Section 39 heading: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 31(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 39(1): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 31(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 39(1A): inserted, on 19 February 2019, by section 7(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 39(2): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 31(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 39(2A): inserted, on 19 February 2019, by section 7(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 39(3): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 31(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 39(3): amended, on 19 February 2019, by section 7(3) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 39(3A): inserted, on 19 February 2019, by section 7(4) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 39(3B): inserted, on 19 February 2019, by section 7(4) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 39(4): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 31(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 39(5): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 31(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 39(5): amended, on 19 February 2019, by section 7(5) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 39(6): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 31(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 39(6A): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 31(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 39(8): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 39(9): added, on 21 August 2003, by section 6 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 39(9): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

40 Surrender of permit

(1)

A permit holder may apply to the chief executive to surrender a permit or any part of it by—

(a)

lodging an application; and

(b)

paying any money the permit holder owes to the Crown under this Act; and

(c)

providing information and records as required by the permit, this Act, or the regulations.

(2)

Unless the Minister considers it is in the interests of the Crown to acquire the permit for the purposes of reallocation or otherwise (in which case the permit vests in the Crown as if it were personal property), the surrender—

(a)

must be accepted by the chief executive if everything is in order and, in the case of a partial surrender, the Minister has approved the area to be surrendered under subsection (7A); and

(b)

takes effect when the chief executive accepts it.

(2A)

Despite subsection (1)(b) and (c), the chief executive may accept a surrender application even though the permit holder has not paid to the Crown all the money owing to the Crown or has not provided to the chief executive all the information and records required to be provided.

(3)

For the purposes of subsections (5) and (6), if a permit vests in the Crown under this section,—

(a)

the permit is deemed to have been surrendered under this section; and

(b)

the date on which the permit is deemed to have been surrendered,—

(i)

for the purposes of subsection (5), is the date that the surrender application was lodged; and

(ii)

for the purposes of subsection (6), is the date of the Minister’s decision under subsection (2).

(4)

The consent of the Minister under section 41 shall not be required to the transfer of a permit under this section.

(5)

Where a permit is surrendered in whole or in part and payments have been made to the Crown under the permit or under this Part, the permit holder shall be entitled to a refund of so much of the payments as have been made in respect of—

(a)

the remaining part of the period subsequent to the date of the surrender; and

(b)

the land surrendered.

(6)

The surrender of a permit shall not release the permit holder from any liability in respect of—

(a)

the permit up to the date of the surrender; and

(b)

any act under the permit up to the date of surrender giving rise to a cause of action.

(7)

If a permit is being surrendered in part only, the form of surrender shall be accompanied by a plan that has the land in respect of which part of the permit is being surrendered clearly delineated and identified on it.

(7A)

The Minister may approve the area to be surrendered, with or without amendment, as he or she thinks fit.

(8)

The surrender of only part of a permit shall, on acceptance, be endorsed on the permit by the chief executive.

(9)

The chief executive shall, on acceptance, lodge every surrender of a permit (other than a permit in respect of petroleum), whether in whole or in part, with the Registrar-General of Land.

(9A)

Subsection (9) applies only to permits granted before 21 August 2003.

(10)

Every right, title, and interest held under a permit that has been surrendered under this section shall end in respect of the land to which the permit related, or in respect of that part of the land in relation to which the permit is surrendered, as the case may be, on the date on which the chief executive accepts the surrender.

Section 40(1): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 32(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 40(2): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 32(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 40(2A): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 32(3) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 40(3): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 32(4) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 40(7A): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 32(5) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 40(8): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 40(9): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 40(9A): inserted, on 21 August 2003, by section 7 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 40(9A): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 40(10): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

41 Transfer of interest in permit

(1)

The transfer of all or part of a participating interest in a permit requires the consent of the Minister under this section.

(2)

An application for consent to a transfer must—

(a)

be made jointly by the relevant permit participant and the transferee; and

(b)

be made within 3 months after the date of the agreement that contains the transfer; and

(c)

be accompanied by a copy of the agreement that contains the transfer; and

(d)

be accompanied by evidence of the notification required under subsection (3).

(3)

Before or at the same time as the application is made, the permit participant must notify any other permit participants that it has applied for consent to the transfer.

(4)

If so required by the Minister, the transferee must provide to the Minister—

(a)

a statement, signed by or on behalf of the transferee, in which the person signing the statement must confirm that the transferee has the financial capability to meet its obligations under the permit (a statement of financial capability); and

(b)

any specified supporting information.

(5)

If the transferee is a company, a statement of financial capability must be signed on behalf of all the directors by at least 2 directors of the company or, if the company has only 1 director, by that director.

(6)

Before granting consent, the Minister must be satisfied that the transferee is highly likely to be able to comply with the conditions of, and give proper effect to, the permit.

(7)

The chief executive must record the transfer of any participating interest consented to by the Minister under this section on the permit concerned and the transfer is effective, for the purposes of the permit, this Act, and the regulations from the date of the Minister’s consent.

Section 41: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 33 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 41(6): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 11 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

41AA Meaning of change of control of permit participant or guarantor

(1)

In sections 41AB to 41A, a corporate body undergoes a change of control if—

(a)

a person (person A) obtains the power (whether directly or indirectly) to exercise, or control the exercise of, 50% or more of the voting rights in the corporate body; or

(b)

a person (person A) obtains, together with 1 or more specified persons, the power (whether directly or indirectly) to exercise, or control the exercise of, 50% or more of the voting rights in the corporate body.

(2)

In subsection (1)(b), a specified person, in relation to person A, means—

(a)

a person who is acting or will act jointly or in concert with person A in respect of exercising, or controlling the exercise of, the voting rights of the permit participant; or

(b)

a person who acts, or is accustomed to acting, in accordance with the wishes of person A.

Section 41AA: inserted, on 19 February 2019, by section 8 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

41AB Change of control of permit operator of Tier 1 permit

(1)

This section applies if a corporate body that is a permit operator of a Tier 1 permit undergoes a change of control.

(2)

Every person who obtains the power referred to in section 41AA(1) contravenes this subsection if the change of control is made without the prior consent of the Minister (see sections 41AC to 41AE, which relate to obtaining that consent).

(3)

A contravention of subsection (2) by a person may result in either or both of the following:

(a)

the revocation of the permit under section 41AF:

(b)

an offence under section 100(2A) if, before the power referred to in section 41AA(1) is obtained, the person knows, or ought reasonably to know, that the person will obtain the power.

(4)

The permit operator must notify the Minister in accordance with subsection (6) if—

(a)

subsection (2) is contravened; and

(b)

the permit operator knows, or ought reasonably to know, that it has undergone a change of control.

(5)

Subsection (4) does not apply in the case of a contravention referred to in section 41AC(3)(c).

(6)

For the purposes of subsection (4), the notification must—

(a)

be given as soon as is reasonably practicable, but in any event not later than 3 months after the permit operator becomes aware, or ought reasonably to have become aware, that it has undergone a change of control; and

(b)

be accompanied by a copy of any agreement or other document that specifies the change of control.

Section 41AB: inserted, on 19 February 2019, by section 8 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

41AC Application for consent for change of control

(1)

An application for consent referred to in section 41AB(2) must—

(a)

be made—

(i)

by the relevant person; or

(ii)

if there is more than 1 relevant person, by all of the relevant persons; and

(b)

be made at least 3 months before the date on which the proposed change of control takes effect; and

(c)

include the following information:

(i)

the name of each relevant person:

(ii)

if a relevant person is a corporate body, the name of each director of the body and of each shareholder or member of the body referred to in subsection (4):

(iii)

particulars about how the change of control is proposed to be undertaken:

(iv)

particulars about when the change of control is proposed to take effect; and

(d)

be accompanied by—

(i)

a copy of any agreement or other document that specifies the change of control; and

(ii)

information or documents that show how the test in section 41AE(1) is satisfied.

(2)

If the Minister is satisfied that there are compelling reasons why a relevant person could not comply with subsection (1)(b), the Minister may receive an application by a later date agreed by the Minister (which date must not be later than the date on which the proposed change of control takes effect).

(3)

The following applies if an application is properly made in accordance with this section (including subsection (1)(b) or (2)) but the application is still being considered by the Minister when the change of control takes effect:

(a)

section 41AB(2) is not contravened while the application is being considered by the Minister; and

(b)

if the Minister gives his or her consent, section 41AB(2) is not contravened; but

(c)

if the Minister declines to give his or her consent, section 41AB(2) must be treated as being contravened from the date of the Minister’s decision.

(4)

For the purposes of subsection (1)(c)(ii), the shareholders or members of the corporate body that must be named are,—

(a)

if the body has equity securities quoted on a stock exchange,—

(i)

the shareholders or members who hold the 10 largest numbers of equity securities; or

(ii)

if there is more than 1 class of equity securities, the persons holding the 10 largest numbers of equity securities in each class:

(b)

in any other case, all of the shareholders or members.

(5)

In this section and sections 41AD and 41AE,—

director has the same meaning as in section 6(1) of the Financial Markets Conduct Act 2013

equity security has the same meaning as in section 8(2) of the Financial Markets Conduct Act 2013

relevant person means a person referred to in section 41AA(1) who is proposed to obtain the power referred to in that subsection

stock exchange has the same meaning as in section 2(1) of the Companies Act 1993.

Section 41AC: inserted, on 19 February 2019, by section 8 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

41AD Minister may require information or documents to be supplied

(1)

A permit participant, or a relevant person, must, if requested to do so, provide to the Minister information or documents relevant to the matters referred to in section 41AE(1).

(2)

Subsection (1) applies to a permit participant whether or not that participant is the permit operator.

Section 41AD: inserted, on 19 February 2019, by section 8 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

41AE When Minister may consent to change of control of permit operator

(1)

The Minister may consent to the change of control of a permit operator for the purposes of section 41AB only if the Minister is satisfied that—

(a)

the permit holder, given the proposed change in control,—

(i)

has the financial capability to meet its obligations under the permit; and

(ii)

is highly likely to comply with, and give proper effect to, the work programme for the permit; and

(iii)

is highly likely to comply with the relevant obligations under this Act or the regulations in respect of reporting and the payment of fees and royalties; and

(b)

in the case of a Tier 1 permit for exploration or mining, the permit operator, after undergoing the change of control, has, or is highly likely to have by the time the relevant work in the permit is undertaken, the capability and systems that are likely to be required to meet the health and safety requirements of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 for the types of activities to be carried out under the permit.

(2)

Section 29A(3) and (4) applies for the purposes of subsection (1)(b), with all necessary modifications.

Section 41AE: inserted, on 19 February 2019, by section 8 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 41AE(1)(a)(ii): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 12(1) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 41AE(1)(a)(iii): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 12(1) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 41AE(1)(b): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 12(2) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

41AF Revocation of permit if change of control made without consent

(1)

This section applies if section 41AB(2) is contravened.

(2)

The Minister may serve on the permit holder written notice of his or her intention to revoke the permit. The notice must—

(a)

refer to this section; and

(b)

state, with reasons, that the Minister considers that section 41AB(2) has been contravened; and

(c)

give the holder 40 working days after the date on which the notice is served to—

(i)

show that section 41AB(2) has not been contravened; or

(ii)

provide reasons why the permit should not be revoked (including showing why the Minister should be satisfied of the matters set out in section 41AE and why the contravention should be excused).

(3)

A notice under subsection (4) may be served on or after the date that is 40 working days after the date on which the notice under subsection (2) is served.

(4)

After considering any thing provided under subsection (2)(c), the Minister may, by serving written notice on the permit holder, revoke the permit with effect on a date specified in the notice if the Minister is satisfied that—

(a)

section 41AB(2) has been contravened; and

(b)

the permit should be revoked.

(5)

The Minister may be satisfied under subsection (4)(b) even if the Minister becomes satisfied of the matters set out in section 41AE (for example, the Minister may be satisfied that the permit should be revoked because there is no good reason to excuse the contravention of section 41AB(2)).

(6)

Section 39(5) to (7) applies to a revocation under this section, with all necessary modifications.

Section 41AF: inserted, on 19 February 2019, by section 8 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

41A Change of control of permit participants (other than operators of Tier 1 permits)

(1)

[Repealed]

(2)

A permit participant must notify the Minister in accordance with subsection (3) if—

(a)

the permit participant—

(i)

is a corporate body; and

(ii)

knows, or ought reasonably to know, that it has undergone a change of control; or

(b)

the permit participant knows, or ought reasonably to know, that a corporate body that has provided a guarantee for the permit participant’s obligations under the permit (a guarantor) has undergone a change of control.

(2A)

However, this section does not apply to a change of control of a permit participant who is a permit operator of a Tier 1 permit (see instead sections 41AB to 41AF).

(3)

The notification must be given within 3 months after the permit participant becomes aware, or ought reasonably to have become aware, of the matters referred to in subsection (2) and must be accompanied by—

(a)

a copy of any agreement or document that specifies the change of control; and

(b)

a statement from the permit participant that it has the financial capability to meet its obligations under the permit; and

(c)

in the case of a change of control of a guarantor, a statement from the guarantor that it has the financial capability to meet its obligations under the guarantee.

(4)

A statement for the purposes of subsection (3)(b) or (c) must be signed,—

(a)

if the permit participant or guarantor is a company, on behalf of all the directors by at least 2 directors of the company or, if the company has only 1 director, by that director; or

(b)

if the permit participant or guarantor is not a company, by a person responsible for the management of the permit participant or guarantor.

(5)

If required to do so, a permit participant must provide to the Minister information or documents relevant to the financial capability of the person A concerned (as referred to in section 41AA(1)), which may be—

(a)

general information about that person’s financial capability; or

(b)

information specific to the matters referred to in subsection (3)(b) and (c).

(6)

However, the permit participant must do so only if the Minister requests the information or documents no later than 3 months from the date on which the permit participant notifies the Minister of the change of control in accordance with this section.

(7)

The Minister may revoke the permit in accordance with the procedure set out in section 39 if—

(a)

subsection (2) is contravened; or

(b)

the Minister is not satisfied that, following the change of control, the permit holder has the financial capability to meet its obligations under the permit.

(8)

[Repealed]

Section 41A: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 33 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 41A heading: amended, on 19 February 2019, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 41A(1): repealed, on 19 February 2019, by section 9(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 41A(2): replaced, on 19 February 2019, by section 9(3) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 41A(2A): inserted, on 19 February 2019, by section 9(3) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 41A(3): amended, on 19 February 2019, by section 9(4) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 41A(5): amended, on 19 February 2019, by section 9(5) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 41A(7): replaced, on 19 February 2019, by section 9(6) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 41A(8): repealed, on 19 February 2019, by section 9(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

41B Dealings

(1)

A permit participant may enter into a dealing.

(2)

However, the dealing has no legal effect if the dealing relates to a Tier 1 permit and the Minister does not consent to the dealing.

(3)

An application for consent to a dealing must—

(a)

be made to the Minister; and

(b)

be made within 3 months after the date of the agreement that contains the dealing; and

(c)

be accompanied by a copy of the agreement that contains the dealing.

(4)

In this section, dealing means any agreement (other than a transfer of a participating interest, or a mortgage or other charge) that imposes on any permit participant any obligation that relates to the sale or the proceeds of production, if—

(a)

a reasonable person would consider that the agreement—

(i)

has not been entered into on an arm’s-length basis; or

(ii)

is not on arm’s-length terms; or

(iii)

is otherwise not on a fair market basis; or

(b)

the term of the agreement is for 12 months or longer.

Section 41B: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 33 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

41C Change of permit operator

(1)

A permit operator may be changed only with the prior consent of the Minister and no change of permit operator has any effect without that consent.

(2)

An application for consent must—

(a)

be made by the permit holder; and

(b)

be made jointly with the proposed new operator if that operator is not an existing permit participant.

(3)

The Minister may give consent to the change only—

(a)

if the Minister is satisfied that the permit holder, given the change in permit operator, is highly likely to—

(i)

comply with, and give proper effect to, the work programme for the permit; and

(ii)

comply with the relevant obligations under this Act or the regulations in respect of reporting and the payment of fees and royalties; and

(b)

if the change of operator relates to a Tier 1 permit for exploration or mining, if the health and safety regulator—

(i)

is satisfied that any requirements of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015, or regulations made under that Act, that the proposed operator must meet before carrying out day-to-day management of activities under the permit have been, or are highly likely to be, met; and

(ii)

has advised the chief executive that it is so satisfied.

Section 41C: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 33 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 41C(3)(a): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 13 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 41C(3)(b): replaced, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

Section 41C(3)(b)(i): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 13 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

41D General provisions relating to transfers, dealings, and changes of permit operator

(1)

The Minister may grant consent under section 41, 41AE, 41B, or 41C, subject to any conditions that the Minister thinks fit.

(2)

All conditions of the Minister’s consent are, for the purposes of this Act, deemed to be conditions of the permit concerned.

(3)

If, as a result of the transfer of a participating interest in a permit, a person ceases to have an interest in the permit, that person ceases to have any rights or obligations under the permit except in respect of any contravention of the conditions of the permit that occurred before the date of transfer of the participating interest.

(4)

Subsection (3) is subject to—

(a)

the conditions of the permit; and

(b)

the conditions of the Minister’s consent on the transfer of the participating interest; and

(c)

subpart 2 of Part 1B.

Section 41D: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 33 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 41D(1): amended, on 19 February 2019, by section 10 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 41D(4)(c): inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 14 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Surveys

Heading: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 16 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

42 Minister may require survey at any time

It shall be a condition of every current mining permit that the Minister may at any time, require the holder of the permit to arrange for the survey, in the manner prescribed by regulations, of all or part of the land to which the permit relates.

42A Authorisation of geophysical surveys on adjacent land

(1)

The Minister may, subject to such conditions as the Minister thinks fit to impose, grant written authorisation to a permit holder to carry out geophysical surveys on land adjacent to the land to which the permit relates if another permit is not in force in relation to that adjacent land.

(2)

An authorisation granted under this section—

(a)

is subject to the provisions of this Act as if the authorisation were a permit of the same type as the permit held by the permit holder and referred to in subsection (1); but

(b)

does not authorise any activity other than the carrying out of geophysical surveys.

Section 42A: inserted, on 28 September 1993, by section 8 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 1993 (1993 No 139).

Section 42A(2): replaced, on 19 February 2019, by section 11 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Field development plans in respect of petroleum mining permits and licences

Heading: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 17 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

42B Field development plans to be submitted to chief executive

(1)

The holder of a petroleum mining permit granted under this Act or a petroleum mining licence granted under the Petroleum Act 1937 (A) must submit a field development plan to the chief executive—

(a)

at the prescribed times (if any); and

(b)

within a specified time of the occurrence of prescribed events (if any); and

(c)

on request from the Minister, within any reasonable time specified in the request.

(2)

The field development plan must—

(a)

detail the planned development of the field over its anticipated productive life; and

(b)

be accurate as at the date of submission to the chief executive; and

(c)

contain the prescribed information (if any); and

(d)

meet any further prescribed requirements.

Section 42B: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 17 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Notice of expected cessation and notice of cessation of petroleum fields

Heading: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 17 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

42C Notice of expected cessation and notice of cessation

(1)

The holder of a petroleum mining permit granted under this Act or a petroleum mining licence granted under the Petroleum Act 1937 (A) must submit a notice of expected cessation to the chief executive—

(a)

at the prescribed times (if any); and

(b)

within a specified time of the occurrence of prescribed events (if any); and

(c)

on request from the Minister, within any reasonable time specified in the request.

(2)

The notice of expected cessation must—

(a)

specify when A currently expects the field to permanently cease production; and

(b)

contain the prescribed information (if any); and

(c)

meet any further prescribed requirements.

(3)

If the field permanently ceases production, A must give the chief executive notice of that cessation as soon as practicable and not later than 20 working days after cessation.

Section 42C: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 17 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Work programmes in respect of subsequent permits

43 Work programmes to be approved by Minister

(1)

Where an application is made for a permit and the applicant has a right to receive the permit under section 32, the Minister must not grant the permit unless he or she has approved the work programme for the permit.

(2)

Where an application is made for a permit and the applicant has a right to receive that permit under section 32, the Minister, within 6 months after receiving the proposed work programme for the permit applied for, shall either—

(a)

approve the programme; or

(b)

withhold approval of the programme if the Minister considers that—

(i)

it is contrary to good industry practice; or

(ii)

to approve the programme would be acting contrary to section 22,—

and shall notify the applicant accordingly.

(3)

Where the Minister withholds approval of a proposed work programme under subsection (2), the applicant shall be entitled to submit a modified work programme to the Minister within a reasonable period, as specified by the Minister when withholding approval of the proposed work programme, and the Minister shall then, within a further 6 months, either—

(a)

approve the modified work programme; or

(b)

withhold approval of the modified work programme if the Minister considers that—

(i)

it is contrary to good industry practice; or

(ii)

to approve the programme would be acting contrary to section 22,—

and shall notify the applicant accordingly.

Section 43(1): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 35(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 43(2)(b)(i): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 35(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 43(3)(b)(i): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 35(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

44 Duty of Minister withholding approval of work programme

(1)

The Minister shall not withhold approval of any work programme or modified work programme under section 43 without first advising the applicant of the reasons for the Minister’s proposed withholding of approval and affording the applicant a reasonable opportunity to make representations to him or her regarding the work programme or modified work programme.

(2)

If the Minister withholds approval of a work programme or modified work programme under section 43, the applicant may refer the matter to arbitration under section 99.

(3)

If it is determined under section 99 that it would be contrary to good industry practice to carry out the work programme or modified work programme submitted by the applicant, or the Minister would be acting contrary to section 22 in approving the programme, the Minister shall give notice to the applicant of his or her intention to decline the application unless—

(a)

a modified work programme is submitted to the Minister within 3 months after the date of the notice or within such longer period as the Minister may, in his or her discretion, determine in the notice; and

(b)

the modified work programme is approved by the Minister.

(4)

Where it is determined under section 99 that it would not be contrary to good industry practice to carry out the work programme or modified work programme submitted by the applicant, or the Minister would not be acting contrary to section 22 in approving the programme, the Minister shall forthwith approve that programme.

Section 44(3): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 36 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 44(4): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 36 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

45 Minister may direct that petroleum be refined and processed in New Zealand, etc

(1)

If, after consultation with the permit holder of a petroleum mining permit and having regard to the national interest, the Minister is satisfied that products are able to be manufactured in New Zealand by or on behalf of the permit holder from petroleum produced from land to which the permit relates, the Minister may direct that the permit holder refine or process (or cause to be refined or processed) in New Zealand so much of the petroleum as may be required for the manufacture of those products.

(2)

Where a direction is given under subsection (1), the Minister may give a further direction prohibiting the export from New Zealand of any petroleum directed to be refined or processed and of all or any of the products so manufactured from any such petroleum.

(3)

Where a permit holder is directed under subsection (1) to refine or process (or cause to be refined or processed) in New Zealand any petroleum and the permit holder does not have facilities for refining or processing such petroleum in New Zealand, the Minister, after consultation with all interested parties, may direct the owner of any refinery or processing plant capable of refining or processing the petroleum, to refine or process the petroleum on behalf of the permit holder on such conditions as may be agreed upon between the permit holder and the owner of the refinery or processing plant or, failing agreement, as may be determined by the Minister.

(4)

The owner of or any other person lawfully using a refinery or processing plant may at any time apply to the Minister for a variation in the conditions of any direction given under subsection (3) and the Minister may make such variations as may be agreed upon between the owner and all other persons lawfully using the refinery or processing plant or, failing agreement, as may be determined by the Minister.

(5)

Any person who wilfully fails to comply with any direction of the Minister under this section commits an offence against this Act and, if he or she is a permit holder, shall be deemed to have failed to comply with the conditions of his or her permit.

(6)

No person shall be precluded by any agreement from doing or refraining from doing such acts as may be necessary to comply with a direction given under this section; and every person who does or refrains from doing any such act shall not thereby suffer, under any agreement, any liability of any kind whatsoever.

(7)

In this section, the term agreement includes a contract, deed, and arrangement.

46 Unit development

(1)

If the Minister is satisfied that—

(a)

the land to which any 2 or more permits or existing privileges relate or any part thereof forms part of a single deposit of a mineral (in this section referred to as a mineral deposit); and

(b)

in order to secure the maximum ultimate recovery of the mineral, the mineral deposit should be worked as a unit in co-operation by all relevant permit or existing privilege holders whose permits or existing privileges comprise any part thereof—

the Minister may, on the request of 1 or more of the permit or existing privilege holders or of his or her own accord, by notice in writing require all the permit or existing privilege holders to co-operate in the preparation of a scheme (in this section referred to as a development scheme) for the working and development of the mineral deposit as a unit by the permit or existing privilege holders in co-operation and to submit the scheme jointly for the approval of the Minister.

(2)

The notice shall specify the land in respect of which, and the period within which, the Minister requires a development scheme to be submitted.

(3)

If the Minister withholds his or her approval of a development scheme under subsection (1), the Minister shall notify the permit or existing privilege holders that he or she has withheld approval and of the reasons for doing so, and shall invite the permit or existing privilege holders to submit a modified development scheme for the Minister’s approval within a reasonable period, as specified by the Minister in the notice given under this subsection.

(4)

If a development scheme or modified development scheme is not submitted to the Minister within the period specified in the relevant notice, or if a modified development scheme submitted under this section is not approved by the Minister, the Minister shall prepare a development scheme that in the opinion of the Minister is fair and equitable to all the permit or existing privilege holders, and the permit or existing privilege holders shall perform and observe the conditions of that scheme.

(5)

The Minister may recover from permit or existing privilege holders any costs incurred by him or her in approving or preparing a development scheme under this section, including the costs of any advice received from an independent expert, and may apportion those costs between the holders as he or she thinks fit.

(6)

Subsection (7) applies if a development scheme is required under subsection (1) for a petroleum mineral deposit.

(7)

The Minister may, by notice in writing, require 1 or more permit holders or existing privilege holders to suspend or reduce production from any well specified in the notice during the preparation of the development scheme if—

(a)

the Minister is satisfied that the suspension or reduction is necessary to secure the maximum ultimate recovery of the petroleum mineral deposit; and

(b)

before issuing the notice, he or she has consulted all relevant permit or existing privilege holders.

(8)

In subsection (7), permit holder or existing privilege holder means a permit holder or existing privilege holder whose permit or existing privilege comprises any part of the land to which the petroleum mineral deposit relates.

Section 46(1): substituted, on 28 September 1993, by section 9(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 1993 (1993 No 139).

Section 46(1): amended, on 21 August 2003, by section 9(1)(d) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 46(1): amended, on 21 August 2003, by section 9(1)(e) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 46(1): amended, on 21 August 2003, by section 9(1)(f) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 46(1)(a): amended, on 21 August 2003, by section 9(1)(a) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 46(1)(b): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 37(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 46(1)(b): amended, on 21 August 2003, by section 9(1)(b) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 46(1)(b): amended, on 21 August 2003, by section 9(1)(c) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 46(3): amended, on 21 August 2003, by section 9(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 46(4): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 46(4): amended, on 21 August 2003, by section 9(3) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 46(5): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 37(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 46(6): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 37(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 46(7): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 37(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 46(8): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 37(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Access to land

47 Permit does not give right of access to land

Subject to section 49, the granting of a permit under this Part does not confer on the permit holder a right of access to any land.

48 Cancellation of any Crown right of entry that is reserved by statute

No right reserved to the Crown, by virtue of any enactment, to enter any land for any purpose in connection with prospecting or exploring for, or mining, any mineral, shall have any effect.

Access to land for minimum impact activity

49 Entry on land for minimum impact activity

(1)

Notwithstanding section 8, but subject to sections 50, 51, and 62, any person employed by the Crown and authorised either specially or generally for that purpose, and any person authorised specifically in writing by the Minister for that purpose, may during the daytime enter on any land, with such assistance as he or she thinks fit, and carry out minimum impact activity.

(2)

Subject to sections 8, 50, 51, and 62, a permit holder (and employees, agents, and contractors of a permit holder authorised for that purpose) may enter land to which the permit relates and carry out minimum impact activity.

(3)

Notwithstanding subsections (1) and (2), no person may enter on land under either of those subsections without the written consent of each owner and occupier, and any customary marine title group unless at least 10 working days’ notice has been given to each person or group whose consent is required of—

(a)

the date of intended entry; and

(b)

the type and duration of work to be carried out; and

(c)

a telephone number in New Zealand of the person who intends to enter the land.

(4)

Every person who enters land under this section shall, if required by any owner or occupier or customary marine title group to do so, produce a copy of the authorisation or permit which gives the right of entry under this section.

(5)

A person who enters land under this section shall not carry out any activity other than a minimum impact activity.

Section 49(3): amended, on 1 April 2011, by section 128 of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011 (2011 No 3).

Section 49(4): amended, on 1 April 2011, by section 128 of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011 (2011 No 3).

50 Entry on special classes of land for minimum impact activity

(1)

No person may, without the consent of the owner or occupier of the land, enter land of a class to which any of paragraphs (a) to (g) of section 55(2) relate for the purpose of carrying out a minimum impact activity.

(2)

This section does not apply in the case of entry onto land that is in the common marine and coastal area.

Section 50(2): added, on 1 April 2011, by section 128 of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011 (2011 No 3).

50A Restricted access to Taranaki conservation land

(1)

No permit holder (or employee, agent, or contractor of a permit holder) may enter Taranaki conservation land for a purpose in connection with a permit for petroleum other than as set out in sections 49 and 50 (carrying out a minimum impact activity).

(2)

Subsection (1) applies despite anything to the contrary in this Act (including sections 1A and 53 to 80).

(3)

However, this section does not prevent prospecting, exploration, or mining carried out below the surface of Taranaki conservation land in accordance with section 57.

(4)

In this section, Taranaki conservation land means land in the onshore Taranaki region that is held or managed—

(a)

under the Conservation Act 1987; or

(b)

under an Act listed in Schedule 1 of that Act.

Section 50A: inserted, on 13 November 2018, by section 9 of the Crown Minerals (Petroleum) Amendment Act 2018 (2018 No 49).

51 Entry on Maori land for minimum impact activity

(1)

Where a permit holder or any person authorised under section 49, as the case may be, seeks to enter any Maori land for the purpose of carrying out any minimum impact activity, the permit holder or that person, shall, in addition to complying with section 49 and before any such entry is made—

(a)

ensure that reasonable efforts have been made to consult with those owners of the land able to be identified by the Registrar of the Maori Land Court; and

(b)

give not less than 10 working days’ notice to the local iwi authority of the land to be entered and the matters referred to in section 49(3).

(2)

No person may, without the consent of the owners of the land, enter Maori land for the purpose of carrying out a minimum impact activity where the land is regarded as waahi tapu by the tangata whenua.

(3)

No person may, without the consent of the land holding trustee (as defined in section 7 of the Waikato Raupatu Claims Settlement Act 1995), enter on any land that is both—

(a)

registered in the name of Pootatau Te Wherowhero under section 19 of that Act; and

(b)

regarded as waahi tapu by the land holding trustee within the meaning of that Act—

for the purpose of carrying out a minimum impact activity.

(4)

Subsection (1)(b) shall apply in relation to land registered in the name of Pootatau Te Wherowhero under section 19 of the Waikato Raupatu Claims Settlement Act 1995 as if that land were Maori land and as if the land holding trustee were the local iwi authority of that land.

(5)

No person may, for the purpose of carrying out a minimum impact activity, enter on any land without the consent of the Ngāti Awa governance entity (as defined in section 12 of the Ngāti Awa Claims Settlement Act 2005), if the land is—

(a)

registered in the name of Awanuiārangi II as protected land under section 157 of that Act; and

(b)

regarded as wāhi tapu by the Ngāti Awa governance entity.

(6)

Subsection (1)(b) applies in relation to land registered in the name of Awanuiārangi II as protected land under section 157 of the Ngāti Awa Claims Settlement Act 2005 as if—

(a)

the land were Maori land; and

(b)

the Ngāti Awa governance entity were the local iwi authority of the land.

(7)

No person may, for the purpose of carrying out a minimum impact activity, enter on any land without the consent of the trustees of Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Whare and the trustees of Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Manawa (as those terms are defined in section 10 of the Ngāti Whare Claims Settlement Act 2012 and section 10 of the Ngāti Manawa Claims Settlement Act 2012), if the land is registered in the names of Wharepakau and Tangiharuru as tenants in common.

(8)

Subsection (1)(b) applies in relation to land registered in the names of Wharepakau and Tangiharuru as tenants in common under section 104 of the Ngāti Whare Claims Settlement Act 2012 and section 88 of the Ngāti Manawa Claims Settlement Act 2012 as if that land were Māori land and as if the trustees of Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Whare and the trustees of Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Manawa (as those terms are defined in section 10 of the Ngāti Whare Claims Settlement Act 2012 and section 10 of the Ngāti Manawa Claims Settlement Act 2012) were jointly the local iwi authority of that land.

(9)

No person may, for the purpose of carrying out a minimum impact activity enter on any land without the consent of the trustees of Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Whare (as defined in section 10 of the Ngāti Whare Claims Settlement Act 2012), if the land is—

(a)

registered in the name of Wharepakau as protected land under section 104 of that Act; and

(b)

regarded as wāhi tapu by the trustees.

(10)

Subsection (1)(b) applies in relation to land registered in the name of Wharepakau as protected land under section 104 of the Ngāti Whare Claims Settlement Act 2012 as if that land were Māori land and as if the trustees were the local iwi authority of that land.

Section 51(3): added, on 15 November 1995, by section 35 of the Waikato Raupatu Claims Settlement Act 1995 (1995 No 58).

Section 51(4): added, on 15 November 1995, by section 35 of the Waikato Raupatu Claims Settlement Act 1995 (1995 No 58).

Section 51(5): added, on 25 March 2005, by section 160 of the Ngāti Awa Claims Settlement Act 2005 (2005 No 28).

Section 51(6): added, on 25 March 2005, by section 160 of the Ngāti Awa Claims Settlement Act 2005 (2005 No 28).

Section 51(7): inserted, on 6 April 2012, by section 90(5) of the Ngāti Whare Claims Settlement Act 2012 (2012 No 28).

Section 51(8): inserted, on 6 April 2012, by section 90(5) of the Ngāti Whare Claims Settlement Act 2012 (2012 No 28).

Section 51(9): inserted, on 6 April 2012, by section 105(6) of the Ngāti Whare Claims Settlement Act 2012 (2012 No 28).

Section 51(10): inserted, on 6 April 2012, by section 105(6) of the Ngāti Whare Claims Settlement Act 2012 (2012 No 28).

52 Permit holder may obtain order

Where a permit holder or other person authorised to enter on land under section 49 has complied with the requirements of that section and, in the exercise of his or her rights under that section, is obstructed, hindered, or interfered with by an owner or occupier of the land, or any other person, the permit holder or person so authorised may apply to the District Court for an order directing that he or she or any other person having rights under section 49 be permitted to exercise those rights.

Section 52: amended, on 1 March 2017, by section 261 of the District Court Act 2016 (2016 No 49).

Access to land other than for minimum impact activity

53 Access to land for petroleum

(1)

This section shall not apply to minimum impact activities.

(2)

The holder of a permit in respect of petroleum shall not prospect, explore, or mine on or in land to which his or her permit relates otherwise than in accordance with an access arrangement—

(a)

agreed in writing between the permit holder and each owner and occupier of the land; or

(b)

determined by an arbitrator in accordance with this Act.

(3)

Subsection (2) does not apply if the permit relates to—

(a)

land in the continental shelf; or

(b)

land in the common marine and coastal area.

Section 53(3): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 38 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 53(3)(b): replaced, on 19 February 2019, by section 12 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

54 Access to land for minerals other than petroleum

(1)

This section shall not apply to minimum impact activities.

(2)

The holder of a permit in respect of a mineral (other than petroleum) shall not prospect, explore, or mine on or in land to which his or her permit relates otherwise than in accordance with an access arrangement—

(a)

agreed in writing between the permit holder and each owner and occupier of the land; or

(b)

determined by an arbitrator in accordance with this Act.

(3)

Subsection (2) does not apply if the permit relates to—

(a)

land in the continental shelf; or

(b)

land in the common marine and coastal area.

Section 54(2): amended, on 19 February 2019, by section 13(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 54(2)(a): substituted, on 28 September 1993, by section 10 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 1993 (1993 No 139).

Section 54(2)(b): substituted, on 28 September 1993, by section 10 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 1993 (1993 No 139).

Section 54(3): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 39 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 54(3)(b): replaced, on 19 February 2019, by section 13(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

54A Access to Schedule 4 land in common marine and coastal area

Despite sections 53 and 54, if a permit relates to land in the common marine and coastal area that is described in Schedule 4, the permit holder may exercise the permit only—

(a)

in respect of land that is not subject to a customary marine title order or agreement; and

(b)

in accordance with an access arrangement agreed in writing—

(i)

between the permit holder, the Minister, and the appropriate Minister in relation to an activity set out in section 61(1A)(a) to (e) (if the permit is in respect of petroleum):

(ii)

between the permit holder and the appropriate Minister in relation to an activity set out in section 61(1A)(a) to (e) (if the permit is in respect of a mineral other than petroleum).

Section 54A: inserted, on 19 February 2019, by section 14 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

55 Restrictions on determination of access arrangements by arbitrators

(1)

Subject to section 66, or to any agreement between each owner and occupier of the land and the person desiring access, an arbitrator shall not be entitled to determine an access arrangement in respect of prospecting or exploration for, or mining of, a mineral other than petroleum.

(2)

Unless otherwise agreed between each owner and occupier of the land and the person desiring access, an arbitrator shall not be entitled to determine an access arrangement to enable prospecting or exploration for, or mining of, petroleum in respect of the following classes of land:

(a)

any land held or managed under the Conservation Act 1987 or any other Act specified in Schedule 1 of the Conservation Act 1987:

(b)

land subject to an open space covenant in terms of the Queen Elizabeth the Second National Trust Act 1977:

(c)

land subject to a covenant in terms of the Conservation Act 1987 or the Reserves Act 1977:

(d)

land for the time being under crop:

(e)

land used as or situated within 30 metres of a yard, stockyard, garden, orchard, vineyard, plant nursery, farm plantation, shelterbelt, airstrip, or indigenous forest:

(f)

land which is the site of or situated within 30 metres of any building, cemetery, burial ground, waterworks, race, or dam:

(g)

land having an area of 4.05 hectares or less.

(3)

Land within the common marine and coastal area is deemed, for the purpose of subsection (2), not to be within any of the classes of land described in that subsection.

Section 55(1): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 55(1): amended, on 28 September 1993, by section 11(a) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 1993 (1993 No 139).

Section 55(2): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 55(2): amended, on 28 September 1993, by section 11(b) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 1993 (1993 No 139).

Section 55(3): added, on 1 April 2011, by section 128 of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011 (2011 No 3).

56 Provisions relating to access arrangements

Where an owner or occupier has entered into an access arrangement, the arrangement shall be binding on the owner or occupier and, subject to the requirements of section 83 having been met, on all successors in title to the owner and occupier.

57 Meaning of entry on land

For the purposes of sections 53 to 54A, prospecting, exploration, or mining carried out below the surface of any land shall not constitute prospecting, exploration, or mining on or in land if it—

(a)

will not or is not likely to cause any damage to the surface of the land or any loss or damage to the owner or occupier of the land; or

(b)

will not or is not likely to have any prejudicial effect in respect of the use and enjoyment of the land by the owner or occupier of the land; or

(c)

will not or is not likely to have any prejudicial effect in respect of any possible future use of the surface of the land.

Section 57: amended, on 19 February 2019, by section 15 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

58 Disputes as to classification of land and activities

(1)

If any dispute arises as to whether or not—

(a)

any land is included in a class of land referred to in section 55; or

(b)

any activity is a minimum impact activity; or

(c)

prospecting, exploration, or mining carried out below the surface of any land constitutes prospecting, exploration, or mining on or in land for the purposes of any of sections 53 to 54A

a party to the dispute may apply to the District Court for that court to determine the matter.

(2)

At least 10 days’ notice in writing of any such application shall be given by the applicant to every other party to the dispute.

(3)

On the receipt of any such application, the Registrar of the District Court shall give notice of the time and place fixed for the hearing of the application to the applicant and every other party to the dispute.

(4)

The applicant and every other party to the dispute shall be entitled to be present and to be heard at the hearing of the application.

Section 58(1): amended, on 1 March 2017, by section 261 of the District Court Act 2016 (2016 No 49).

Section 58(1)(c): amended, on 19 February 2019, by section 16 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

59 Notice of request for grant of right of access

(1)

Every person wishing to obtain an access arrangement in order to prospect, explore, or mine on or in land shall serve on each owner and occupier of the relevant land a notice in writing of that person’s intention to obtain an access arrangement.

(2)

Every notice under subsection (1) shall, in addition to matters required by regulations, specify—

(a)

the land affected; and

(b)

the purpose for which the right of access is required; and

(c)

the proposed programme of work including the type and duration of work to be carried out and the likely adverse effect on the land or the owner or occupier of the land; and

(d)

the compensation and safeguards against any likely adverse effects proposed; and

(e)

the type of permit held or applied for by the person giving the notice; and

(f)

if the notice relates to access to Crown land or land in the common marine and coastal area, the direct net economic and other benefits of the proposed activity in relation to which the access arrangement is sought.

(3)

Where an access arrangement is obtained by way of agreement, and the requirements of this section were not complied with in a material way, then such agreement shall be of no force or effect unless the non-compliance is waived in writing by the owner or occupier affected.

Section 59(2)(e): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 40(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 59(2)(f): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 40(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

60 Grant of right of access by access arrangement

(1)

An access arrangement in relation to land may make provision for or with respect to the following matters:

(a)

the periods during which the permit holder is to be permitted access to the land:

(b)

the parts of the land on or in which the permit holder may explore, prospect, or mine and the means by which the permit holder may gain access to those parts of the land:

(c)

the kinds of prospecting, exploration, or mining operations that may be carried out on or in the land:

(d)

the conditions to be observed by the permit holder in prospecting, exploring, or mining on or in the land:

(e)

the things which the permit holder needs to do in order to protect the environment while having access to the land and prospecting, exploring, or mining on or in the land:

(f)

the compensation to be paid to any owner or occupier of the land as a consequence of the permit holder prospecting, exploring, or mining on or in the land:

(g)

the manner of resolving any dispute arising in connection with the arrangement:

(h)

the manner of varying the arrangement:

(i)

such other matters as the parties to the arrangement may agree to include in the arrangement.

(2)

In considering whether to agree to an access arrangement, an owner or occupier of land (other than Crown land) may have regard to such matters as he or she considers relevant.

61 Access arrangements in respect of Crown land and land in common marine and coastal area

(1)

The appropriate Minister may, by agreement with the permit holder concerned, enter into the following arrangements in respect of Crown land or, subject to section 54A, the common marine and coastal area:

(a)

an initial access arrangement in relation to a Tier 2 permit:

(b)

a variation to an existing access arrangement in relation to a Tier 2 permit:

(c)

a variation to an existing access arrangement in relation to a Tier 1 permit, except if the variation is to allow access for the purpose of significant exploration or mining activities.

(1AA)

The Minister and the appropriate Minister may, by agreement with the permit holder concerned, enter into the following arrangements in respect of Crown land or, subject to section 54A, the common marine and coastal area:

(a)

an initial access arrangement in relation to a Tier 1 permit:

(b)

a variation to an existing access arrangement in relation to a Tier 1 permit if the variation is to allow access for the purpose of significant exploration or mining activities.

(1AAB)

The appropriate Minister must determine whether or not activities are significant exploration or mining activities for the purposes of this section and, in doing so, must have regard to—

(a)

the effects the activities are likely to have on conservation values for the land concerned; and

(b)

the effects the activities are likely to have on other activities on the land; and

(c)

the activities’ net impact on the land, either while the activities are taking place or after their completion; and

(d)

any other matters that the appropriate Minister considers relevant to achieving the purpose of this Act.

(1A)

The appropriate Minister (in the case of subsection (1)) or the Minister and the appropriate Minister (in the case of subsection (1AA)) must not accept any application for an access arrangement, or variation to an access arrangement, or enter into any access arrangement, or variation to an access arrangement, relating to any Crown owned mineral in any Crown owned land or internal waters or land of the common marine and coastal area described in Schedule 4, except in relation to any activities as follows:

(a)

that are necessary for the construction, use, maintenance, or rehabilitation, of an emergency exit or service shaft for an underground mining operation, where these cannot safely be located elsewhere, provided that it does not result in—

(i)

any complete stripping of vegetation over an area exceeding 100 square metres; or

(ii)

any permanent adverse impact on the profile or surface of the land which is not a necessary part of any such activity:

(b)

that do not result in—

(i)

any complete stripping of vegetation over an area exceeding 16 square metres; or

(ii)

any permanent adverse impact on the profile or surface of the land that is not a necessary part of any activity specified in paragraph (a):

(c)

a minimum impact activity:

(d)

gold fossicking carried out in an area designated as a gold fossicking area under section 98 or 98A:

(e)

any special purpose mining activity carried out in accordance with a mining permit.

(2)

In considering whether to agree to an access arrangement, or variation to an access arrangement, in respect of Crown land, the appropriate Minister (in the case of subsection (1)) or the Minister and the appropriate Minister (in the case of subsection (1AA)) shall have regard to—

(a)

the objectives of any Act under which the land is administered; and

(b)

any purpose for which the land is held by the Crown; and

(c)

any policy statement or management plan of the Crown in relation to the land; and

(d)

the safeguards against any potential adverse effects of carrying out the proposed programme of work; and

(da)

the direct net economic and other benefits of the proposed activity in relation to which the access arrangement is sought; and

(db)

if section 61C(3) applies, the recommendation of the Director-General of Conservation and summary referred to in that subsection; and

(e)

any other matters that that Minister or those Ministers consider relevant.

(3)

Where a permit holder has secured the right, under the Resource Management Act 1991, to exclusive occupation of Crown land in the coastal marine area (as defined in section 2(1) of that Act), it shall not be necessary for the permit holder to enter into an access arrangement in respect of that land.

(4)

Subject to subsections (6) to (9), the Governor-General may from time to time, by Order in Council made on the recommendation of the Minister and the Minister of Conservation, amend Schedule 4.

(5)

Before making any recommendation for the purposes of subsection (4), the Minister and the Minister of Conservation must consult to the extent that is reasonably practicable, having regard to all the circumstances of the particular case, those persons the Ministers have reason to believe are representative of interests likely to be substantially affected by the Order in Council or representative of some aspect of the public interest.

(6)

No Order in Council may be made under subsection (4) in respect of any land held under the Conservation Act 1987 for conservation purposes that is declared an ecological area under section 18(1) of the Conservation Act 1987 unless the Minister and the Minister of Conservation make a recommendation to the Governor-General after making an assessment of—

(a)

the particular scientific value for which the land is held; and

(b)

the value of any Crown owned minerals in the land.

(7)

Notwithstanding subsection (6), no Order in Council may be made under subsection (4) in respect of any ecological area to the extent that the ecological area includes land subject to Schedule 4 of the Conservation Act 1987.

(8)

No Order in Council may be made under subsection (4) in respect of—

(a)

Red Mercury Island (Whakau); or

(b)

Green Island; or

(c)

Atiu or Middle Island; or

(d)

Korapuki Island,—

all situated in the Mercury Islands.

(9)

No Order in Council may be made under subsection (4) that results in land within a category of land described in clauses 1 to 8 of Schedule 4 of this Act being excluded from that schedule.

(10)

To avoid doubt, subsection (9) does not limit or affect—

(a)

any provision of any other enactment that has the effect of excluding land from clauses 1 to 8 of Schedule 4 ; or

(b)

any action taken under a provision of any other enactment that has the effect of excluding land from clauses 1 to 8 of Schedule 4.

(11)

An order under subsection (4) is secondary legislation (see Part 3 of the Legislation Act 2019 for publication requirements).

Legislation Act 2019 requirements for secondary legislation made under this section
PublicationPCO must publish it on the legislation website and notify it in the GazetteLA19 s 69(1)(c)
PresentationThe Minister must present it to the House of RepresentativesLA19 s 114, Sch 1 cl 32(1)(a)
DisallowanceIt may be disallowed by the House of Representatives LA19 ss 115, 116
This note is not part of the Act.

Section 61 heading: amended, on 1 April 2011, by section 128 of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011 (2011 No 3).

Section 61(1): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 41(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 61(1): amended, on 19 February 2019, by section 17(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 61(1AA): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 41(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 61(1AA): amended, on 19 February 2019, by section 17(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 61(1AAB): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 41(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 61(1A): inserted, on 26 November 1997, by section 2(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act (No 2) 1997 (1997 No 91).

Section 61(1A): amended, on 19 February 2019, by section 17(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 61(1A): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 41(3) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 61(1A): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 41(4) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 61(1A): amended, on 1 April 2011, by section 128 of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011 (2011 No 3).

Section 61(1A)(d): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 41(5) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 61(1A)(e): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 41(6) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 61(2): amended, on 19 February 2019, by section 17(3) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 61(2): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 41(7) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 61(2)(da): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 41(9) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 61(2)(db): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 41(9) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 61(2)(e): replaced, on 19 February 2019, by section 17(4) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2019 (2019 No 2).

Section 61(3): added, on 28 September 1993, by section 12 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 1993 (1993 No 139).

Section 61(4): added, on 26 November 1997, by section 2(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act (No 2) 1997 (1997 No 91).

Section 61(4): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 41(11) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 61(5): added, on 26 November 1997, by section 2(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act (No 2) 1997 (1997 No 91).

Section 61(6): added, on 26 November 1997, by section 2(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act (No 2) 1997 (1997 No 91).

Section 61(6)(b): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 41(12) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 61(7): added, on 26 November 1997, by section 2(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act (No 2) 1997 (1997 No 91).

Section 61(7): amended, on 21 October 2000, by section 22 of the Forests (West Coast Accord) Act 2000 (2000 No 45).

Section 61(8): added, on 26 November 1997, by section 2(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act (No 2) 1997 (1997 No 91).

Section 61(9): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 41(13) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 61(10): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 41(13) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 61(11): inserted, on 28 October 2021, by section 3 of the Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7).

61A Access to Crown land where mineral not property of the Crown

(1)

A person must not prospect, explore, or mine in any Crown land in respect of any mineral that is not the property of the Crown otherwise than in accordance with an access arrangement entered into under section 61B.

(2)

Nothing in sections 54 to 59, 61, 62 to 75, 78 to 82, and 89 applies in respect of any such access arrangement.

(3)

For the purposes of section 61B, in sections 60, 76, and 83 to 88,—

(a)

the term permit includes any form of authorisation by the owner of the mineral to prospect, explore, or mine any mineral that is not the property of the Crown:

(b)

the term permit holder includes the holder of an authorisation under paragraph (a).

Section 61A: inserted, on 29 October 1997, by section 3 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 1997 (1997 No 82).

61B Access arrangements in respect of Crown land where mineral not property of the Crown

(1)

The appropriate Minister may, by agreement, enter into an access arrangement in respect of Crown land for the purpose of granting access to any mineral that is not the property of the Crown.

(2)

In considering whether to agree to an access arrangement in respect of Crown land for that purpose, the appropriate Minister must have regard to—

(a)

the objectives of any Act under which the land is administered; and

(b)

any purpose for which the land is held by the Crown; and

(c)

any policy statement or management plan of the Crown in relation to the land; and

(d)

the safeguards against any potential adverse effects of carrying out the proposed programme of work in relation to the mineral; and

(e)

the interests of the owner of the mineral, or of any person to whom the owner of the mineral has granted any rights in relation to the mineral, in obtaining access to that mineral; and

(f)

such other matters as the appropriate Minister considers relevant.

(3)

Where the owner of the mineral or any person to whom the owner of the mineral has granted any rights in relation to the mineral, as the case may be, has secured the right, under the Resource Management Act 1991, to exclusive occupation of Crown land in the coastal marine area (as defined in section 2(1) of that Act), it is not necessary for the owner of the mineral or that person to enter into an access arrangement in respect of that land.

Section 61B: inserted, on 29 October 1997, by section 3 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 1997 (1997 No 82).

61C Public notification of certain access arrangements

(1)

This section applies if an application under section 61 is made for an access arrangement in respect of Crown land for which the Minister of Conservation is the appropriate Minister and the purpose of access is to allow mining activities.

(2)

The Minister of Conservation must determine whether or not the proposed activities are significant mining activities and, in doing so, must have regard to—

(a)

the effects the activities are likely to have on conservation values for the land concerned; and

(b)

the effects the activities are likely to have on other activities on the land; and

(c)

the activities’ net impact on the land, either while the activities are taking place or after their completion; and

(d)

any other matters that the Minister considers relevant to achieving the purpose of this Act.

(3)

If the Minister of Conservation determines the proposed mining activities to be significant mining activities,—

(a)

he or she must ensure that the application is publicly notified in accordance with section 49 of the Conservation Act 1987 as if the application were an application for a concession that is required to be publicly notified under that Act; and

(b)

section 49 of that Act applies with the necessary modifications; and

(c)

the Director-General of Conservation must perform the duties required by that section as if the application were a proposal, including sending a recommendation and summary of objections and comments received to the Minister of Conservation and, if the application relates to a matter to which section 61(1AA) applies, to the Minister.

(4)

The public notification of an application in accordance with subsection (3) may (without limitation) be conducted in conjunction with the public notification of any related concession application under the Conservation Act 1987.

Section 61C: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 42 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 61C(3)(a): amended, on 18 October 2017, by section 206(2) of the Resource Legislation Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 15).

62 Prohibition of access in respect of Crown land

(1)

The Governor-General may, by Order in Council made on the recommendation of the Minister and the Minister administering the land concerned, prohibit access in respect of any Crown land.

(2)

No minimum impact activities shall be carried out on land subject to an Order in Council under subsection (1).

(3)

No access arrangement shall be made in respect of any land subject to an Order in Council under subsection (1).

(4)

An Order in Council made under subsection (1) shall not affect—

(a)

any access arrangement entered into before the date of the Order in Council or any rights granted under such an arrangement; or

(b)

the rights of the holder of an existing privilege under Schedule 1.

(5)

An order under this section is secondary legislation (see Part 3 of the Legislation Act 2019 for publication requirements).

Legislation Act 2019 requirements for secondary legislation made under this section
PublicationPCO must publish it on the legislation website and notify it in the GazetteLA19 s 69(1)(c)
PresentationThe Minister must present it to the House of RepresentativesLA19 s 114, Sch 1 cl 32(1)(a)
DisallowanceIt may be disallowed by the House of Representatives LA19 ss 115, 116
This note is not part of the Act.

Section 62(4)(b): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 62(5): inserted, on 28 October 2021, by section 3 of the Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7).

63 Request for appointment of arbitrator

(1)

If, by the end of 60 days (or, in the case of access required for a geophysical survey, 30 days) after a person serves notice in writing under section 59 on each owner and occupier of land to which the person desires access, that person has been unable to agree on an access arrangement with each owner and occupier, that person may, by further notice in writing served on each owner and occupier, request them to agree to the appointment of an arbitrator.

(2)

The person desiring access, and each owner and occupier of the land concerned, may agree to the appointment of any person as arbitrator.

64 Appointment of arbitrator in default of agreement

(1)

If, by the end of 30 days after a person desiring access serves notice in accordance with section 63, that person and each owner and occupier of the land concerned have been unable to agree on the appointment of an arbitrator, then any one of them may apply to the chief executive for the appointment of an arbitrator.

(2)

Every such application shall be accompanied by the prescribed fee.

(3)

On receipt of such an application the chief executive shall as soon as practicable appoint an arbitrator.

Section 64(1): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 64(3): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

65 Fixing time and place for conducting hearing

(1)

As soon as practicable after having been appointed, an arbitrator shall—

(a)

fix a time and place for conducting a hearing into the question of access to the land concerned; and

(b)

cause notice of his or her appointment, and of the time and place fixed for conducting the hearing, to be given to the person desiring access and to each of the owners and occupiers of that land.

(2)

The arbitrator may, by a further notice served on the person desiring access and on each of the owners and occupiers of the land concerned (whether on the application of the person desiring access or of any owner or occupier of that land or otherwise), vary the time or place fixed for conducting the hearing.

(3)

The arbitrator shall, at the time and place fixed under this section, conduct a hearing into the question of access to the land concerned.

Section 65(1)(b): amended, on 28 September 1993, by section 13 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 1993 (1993 No 139).

66 Declaration by Order in Council that access arrangement may be determined by arbitrator

(1)

If—

(a)

the owner or occupier of any land which is subject to a permit fails or refuses to enter into an access arrangement with the holder of the permit in respect of such land by the end of 60 days after the holder has served on the owner or occupier a notice of intention to obtain an access arrangement as specified in section 59; and

(b)

the land is not Maori land, or land registered in the name of Pootatau Te Wherowhero under section 19 of the Waikato Raupatu Claims Settlement Act 1995, or land defined as private land by section 5(1) of the Mining Act 1971, or a class of land to which any of paragraphs (a) to (g) of section 55(2) relate—

the permit holder may apply to the chief executive for a declaration by the Governor-General that an arbitrator may proceed to determine an access arrangement between the permit holder and owner or occupier in respect of the land concerned, on the grounds of the public interest.

(2)

On receiving an application under subsection (1), the chief executive shall report on it to the Minister.

(3)

If the Minister, after considering the application and the chief executive’s report, considers that there are sufficient public interest grounds to support the application, the Minister shall cause to be served on the owner and occupier of the land a notice in writing of the application, and of the Minister’s preliminary views, and stating that the owner and occupier have a period of 3 months, after the date on which the notice was served, to either—

(a)

enter into an access arrangement with the permit holder; or

(b)

consent in writing to an arbitrator determining an access arrangement; or

(c)

make representations to the Minister as to why a declaration should not be made under this section.

(4)

A notice under subsection (3) shall specify the land to which it relates and the public interest grounds which the Minister considers support the application, and shall have attached to it a copy of the application.

(5)

If, within the period of 3 months referred to in subsection (3),—

(a)

an access arrangement between the permit holder and the owner and occupier is not entered into; or

(b)

the owner and occupier do not consent to an arbitrator determining an access arrangement—

the Governor-General, within 3 months after the expiry of that period, may by Order in Council on the joint advice of the Minister and the Minister for the Environment (if the Governor-General on such advice considers it to be in the public interest to do so) declare that an arbitrator may proceed to determine an access arrangement between the permit holder and owner and occupier in respect of the land specified in the notice, or any part of it.

(6)

A consent given or declaration made under this section shall entitle an arbitrator to proceed to determine an access arrangement between the applicant under this section and the owner and occupier of the land concerned; and any such arrangement shall be effective in respect of the land to which it relates.

(7)

An order under subsection (5) is secondary legislation (see Part 3 of the Legislation Act 2019 for publication requirements).

Legislation Act 2019 requirements for secondary legislation made under this section
PublicationPCO must publish it on the legislation website and notify it in the GazetteLA19 s 69(1)(c)
PresentationThe Minister must present it to the House of RepresentativesLA19 s 114, Sch 1 cl 32(1)(a)
DisallowanceIt may be disallowed by the House of Representatives LA19 ss 115, 116
This note is not part of the Act.

Section 66(1): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 66(1)(b): amended, on 15 November 1995, by section 36 of the Waikato Raupatu Claims Settlement Act 1995 (1995 No 58).

Section 66(2): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 66(3): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 66(5): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 66(7): inserted, on 28 October 2021, by section 3 of the Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7).

67 Right of appearance

(1)

At any hearing by an arbitrator into the question of access, a person desiring access to the land concerned, and each of the owners and occupiers of the land, are entitled to appear and be heard.

(2)

A party to a hearing may be represented by counsel or otherwise.

68 Conciliation

(1)

An arbitrator shall not make a determination until the arbitrator has brought, or has used his or her best endeavours to bring, the parties to a settlement acceptable to all of them.

(2)

If the parties come to such a settlement, the arbitrator shall make a determination which gives effect to the terms of the settlement.

69 Procedure

(1)

Except as otherwise provided by this Act, the procedure at a hearing shall be as determined by the arbitrator.

(2)

An arbitrator shall act according to equity, good conscience, and the substantial merits of the case without regard for technicalities or legal forms.

(3)

An arbitrator may conduct a hearing even though 1 or more of the parties to the hearing fails to attend the hearing.

70 Determination of access arrangement, etc

(1)

As soon as practicable after conducting a hearing, the arbitrator shall determine an access arrangement in respect of the land concerned giving the person desiring access access to the land on reasonable conditions, and serve a copy of the arrangement on each of the parties to the hearing.

(2)

An access arrangement that is determined by an arbitrator shall specify the compensation, as assessed by the arbitrator, to which each owner or occupier of the land is entitled under section 76.

(3)

Where the person desiring access has not obtained the required permit under this Act at the time of the determination of an access arrangement, the arbitrator shall specify the compensation, as assessed by the arbitrator, to which each owner and occupier would be entitled under section 76 if the person desiring access had obtained the required permit; and in any such case the obligation to pay compensation shall be conditional upon the person desiring access obtaining the required permit.

71 Effect of access arrangement, etc

An access arrangement determined by an arbitrator—

(a)

takes effect when a copy of the arrangement has been served on each of the parties to the hearing and the person desiring access has complied with the requirements of section 83, if that section is applicable; and

(b)

has effect as if its terms were embodied in a deed that had been duly executed by each of the parties; and

(c)

runs with the land and binds all subsequent owners and occupiers.

72 Variation of access arrangements

An access arrangement determined by an arbitrator may, subject to the terms of the arrangement, be varied by the arbitrator with the consent of all of the parties to the arrangement, or their successors.

73 Costs

Each party’s costs, and the arbitrator’s costs, in relation to the hearing shall be borne by the person desiring access.

74 Withdrawal from arbitration

(1)

The parties to a hearing may, at any time before the conclusion of the hearing, terminate the hearing by notice in writing, signed by all of the parties, served on the arbitrator.

(2)

This section does not limit the liability of the person desiring access to bear the arbitrator’s costs in relation to the hearing.

75 Liability

Subject to section 76(4), no proceedings lie against an arbitrator for or with respect to—

(a)

any determination made by the arbitrator; or

(b)

any publication made by the arbitrator; or

(c)

any other act, matter, or thing done by the arbitrator—

for the purposes of a hearing, as long as the determination, publication, act, matter, or thing was made or done in good faith.

76 Compensation for owners and occupiers

(1)

Where a person is authorised to prospect, explore, or mine on or in land by a permit granted under this Act and by an access arrangement in respect of that land, the owner and occupier of the land are entitled to compensation from the permit holder for injurious affection and all other loss or damage suffered, or likely to be suffered, by them as a result of the grant of the permit or the exercise of the rights conferred by this Act, or by the permit, or by an access arrangement; and such compensation shall include all of the following:

(a)

reimbursement of all reasonable costs and expenses incurred by the owner or occupier in respect of negotiations with the permit holder and all reasonable legal and valuation fees in respect of the determination of an access arrangement:

(b)

reimbursement for loss of income:

(c)

a sum by way of solatium for loss of privacy and amenities:

(d)

reimbursement of all reasonable costs incurred in ensuring compliance with, and monitoring of, the access arrangement.

(2)

In assessing the amount of compensation to which an owner or occupier is entitled under subsection (1), an arbitrator shall assess it in accordance with the provisions of the Public Works Act 1981, as if the commencement of activities on land under a permit were the taking of land within the meaning of that Act, except that—

(a)

where any land damaged is flat land the use of which is necessary for the proper working of hill land, the extent to which the value of the hill land is affected shall, in addition, be taken into account; and

(b)

where an Order in Council has been made under section 66 declaring that an arbitrator may determine an access arrangement, once the amount has been assessed in accordance with that Act and this section, the arbitrator shall also assess it in the light of any consideration agreed to be paid by the person desiring access, or any other person, to an owner or occupier in any comparable situation in respect of the same or a similar prospecting, exploration, or mining proposal, and shall then determine that the amount to be paid is to be the higher of the amounts so assessed.

(3)

For the purposes of subsection (2)(b)—

(a)

the owner and occupier and any other person may give such information to the arbitrator as they possess:

(b)

the arbitrator may require the person desiring access to give such information to the arbitrator as the arbitrator determines regarding the consideration agreed to be paid by that person for an access arrangement entered into with any other owner and occupier in any comparable situation.

(4)

Any information provided by a person to an arbitrator pursuant to subsection (3)(b) shall be treated as confidential by the arbitrator, and section 75 shall not apply in respect of any breach of such confidentiality by the arbitrator.

(5)

If a person desiring access fails or refuses to give any information pursuant to subsection (3)(b) to the arbitrator’s satisfaction, within such reasonable period as is specified by the arbitrator, the arbitrator shall refuse to determine an access arrangement.

(6)

In considering the provision of compensation as part of an access arrangement, an arbitrator shall have regard to any monetary or non-monetary compensation offered to the owner or occupier by a person desiring access.

(7)

Where an owner or occupier suffers loss, injury, or damage due to the activities of a permit holder or of a person authorised under section 49(1) carried out on the owner’s or occupier’s land, and the permit holder entered the land under the authority of an access arrangement or of section 49, the owner or occupier shall be entitled to and may claim full compensation against the permit holder or person authorised for all loss, injury, or damage suffered by him or her as a consequence of such activities to the extent that compensation for such activities has not already been provided for in an access arrangement.

(8)

In default of agreement between the parties, compensation payable under subsection (7) shall be assessed and determined by an arbitrator appointed in the same manner as for the determination of an access arrangement; and the provisions of this Act relating to the determination of an access arrangement shall, with all necessary modifications, apply accordingly.

77 Compliance with access conditions

No person entitled to exercise a right of access by virtue of an access arrangement shall contravene the conditions of the arrangement.

78 Absentee or unknown owner of land

(1)

Where an owner or occupier of land with whom it is desired to enter into an access arrangement under this Part is—

(a)

of unknown whereabouts and has no known agent; or

(b)

unknown,—

the person seeking the right of access may, after notifying Public Trust, apply to the District Court for an order authorising Public Trust to act as if it were the agent of the owner or occupier; and that court may make such an order.

(2)

On the making of such an order, Public Trust shall, for the purposes of this Part, be deemed to be the agent of the owner or occupier in respect of whom the order was made, and notwithstanding the provisions of any Act, rule of law, deed, or instrument, may enter into an access arrangement on behalf of the owner or occupier.

(3)

Any compensation payable under an access arrangement to an owner or occupier to which an order under subsection (1) applies shall be paid to Public Trust who shall hold such compensation on behalf of the owner or occupier concerned.

(4)

Where any doubt or dispute arises as to the right of any person to receive compensation held by Public Trust under subsection (3), the High Court may, upon the application of any of the parties interested, make such order in relation to the compensation as it thinks fit, and Public Trust shall pay any such compensation in accordance with that order.

Section 78(1): amended, on 1 March 2017, by section 261 of the District Court Act 2016 (2016 No 49).

Section 78(1): amended, on 1 March 2002, by section 170(1) of the Public Trust Act 2001 (2001 No 100).

Section 78(2): amended, on 1 March 2002, by section 170(1) of the Public Trust Act 2001 (2001 No 100).

Section 78(3): amended, on 1 March 2002, by section 170(1) of the Public Trust Act 2001 (2001 No 100).

Section 78(4): amended, on 1 March 2002, by section 170(1) of the Public Trust Act 2001 (2001 No 100).

79 Absentee or unknown owner of minerals

(1)

If any person desires to enter into an agreement with the owner of a mineral estate for the purpose of acquiring title to or any interest in the mineral estate, and if the owner is—

(a)

unknown; or

(b)

of unknown whereabouts and has no known agent; or

(c)

an infant, a mentally disordered person, or a person under some other legal disability,—

then in the absence of steps taken to appoint a person to represent the owner and after notifying Public Trust, the person desiring to acquire the title or interest may apply to the High Court for an order authorising Public Trust to act as if it were the agent of the mineral owner.

(2)

On the making of such an order, Public Trust may enter into an agreement with the applicant for the purchase at fair market value of the title to or any interest in the mineral estate.

(3)

Public Trust shall not enter into an agreement with the applicant for the purchase of the title to or any interest in the mineral estate if he or she considers an offer at fair market value has not been made.

(4)

Any money payable pursuant to any such agreement shall be paid to Public Trust, and Public Trust, after deducting any fair and reasonable costs incurred by it in relation to the agreement, shall hold the remaining money on behalf of the person represented by it.

(5)

If any doubt or dispute arises as to the rights of any person to receive the money held by Public Trust under this section, Public Trust may apply to the High Court for an order instructing Public Trust how to deal with and apply any such money.

Section 79(1): amended, on 1 March 2002, by section 170(1) of the Public Trust Act 2001 (2001 No 100).

Section 79(2): amended, on 1 March 2002, by section 170(1) of the Public Trust Act 2001 (2001 No 100).

Section 79(3): amended, on 1 March 2002, by section 170(1) of the Public Trust Act 2001 (2001 No 100).

Section 79(4): amended, on 1 March 2002, by section 170(1) of the Public Trust Act 2001 (2001 No 100).

Section 79(5): amended, on 1 March 2002, by section 170(1) of the Public Trust Act 2001 (2001 No 100).

80 Access arrangements in respect of Maori land

(1)

Except where the land is owned by a single owner in severalty or is vested in trust in a body corporate or a trustee (other than the Māori Trustee), any arrangement for the purposes of section 50 or section 60 with any person having a freehold interest in Maori land or any claim for compensation under section 76 shall be entered into or made by the Māori Trustee on behalf of that person.

(2)

If any Maori land is owned by a single owner in severalty or is vested in trust in a body corporate or a trustee (other than the Māori Trustee), the owner or the body corporate or the trustee, as the case may be, may appoint the Māori Trustee as his, her, or its agent to act in respect of any arrangement for the purposes of section 50 or section 60 or any claim for compensation under section 76; and in any such case the Māori Trustee, if he or she accepts the appointment, shall have all the powers and discretions of the person appointing him or her in respect of such an arrangement.

(3)

Any compensation agreed upon in any case where the Māori Trustee is acting for the person entitled to it shall be paid to the Māori Trustee; and, subject to subsection (4), the Māori Trustee shall distribute the compensation money, after making any proper deductions, to the persons entitled to it.

(4)

If he or she thinks fit to do so, the Māori Trustee may apply to the Maori Land Court to determine to whom, and in what proportions, any compensation money paid to him or her under this section should, according to what the court considers just and equitable in the circumstances, be distributed; and the compensation money shall be distributed in accordance with any order made by the court in that behalf.

(5)

Any action or decision of the Māori Trustee under this section shall be binding on all persons whom he or she represents, and anything done or omitted to be done by the Māori Trustee in the exercise of his or her rights and powers under this section shall not be actionable at the suit of any person.

Section 80(1): amended, on 1 July 2009, pursuant to section 30(2)(a) of the Māori Trustee Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 12).

Section 80(2): amended, on 1 July 2009, pursuant to section 30(2)(a) of the Māori Trustee Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 12).

Section 80(3): amended, on 1 July 2009, pursuant to section 30(2)(a) of the Māori Trustee Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 12).

Section 80(4): amended, on 1 July 2009, pursuant to section 30(2)(a) of the Māori Trustee Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 12).

Section 80(5): amended, on 1 July 2009, pursuant to section 30(2)(a) of the Māori Trustee Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 12).

Notation on land titles

81 Lodging and notation of permits
[Repealed]

Section 81: repealed, on 21 August 2003, by section 10 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

82 Lodging of certificates of extension
[Repealed]

Section 82: repealed, on 21 August 2003, by section 11 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

83 Notation of access rights on land titles

(1)

On entering into an access arrangement that is of more than 6 months’ duration from its date of commencement, the permit holder or applicant for a permit who entered into the arrangement must as soon as practicable lodge with the Registrar-General of Land a notice of the particulars of the arrangement with a copy of the arrangement attached, and any fee prescribed by regulations under the Land Transfer Act 2017.

(2)

A copy of an arrangement lodged under subsection (1) may have excluded from it any monetary sums paid or agreed to be paid under it.

(3)

On receipt of a notice under subsection (1) and of the prescribed fee, the Registrar-General of Land must, if everything is in order, note the notice by recording it on the relevant record of title.

Section 83: replaced, on 12 November 2018, by section 250 of the Land Transfer Act 2017 (2017 No 30).

84 Entry of permit and access particulars acts as notice only

(1)

The notation on a record of title by the Registrar-General of Land of the particulars of a permit or access arrangement operates only as notice of the existence of the permit or access arrangement and does not create any estate or interest under the Land Transfer Act 2017.

(2)

This section does not apply to particulars of a permit granted after 21 August 2003.

Section 84(1): replaced, on 12 November 2018, by section 250 of the Land Transfer Act 2017 (2017 No 30).

Section 84(2): added, on 21 August 2003, by section 12 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 84(2): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

85 Land Transfer Act 2017 not to limit or affect rights under permits or rights of access

(1)

Nothing in the Land Transfer Act 2017 shall be construed to in any way limit or affect any right, title, or interest held under a permit that has been recorded by the Registrar-General of Land under section 81 or in any way limit or affect any access arrangement which has been recorded by the Registrar-General of Land under section 83.

(2)

This section does not apply to particulars of a permit granted after 21 August 2003.

Section 85(1): amended, on 12 November 2018, by section 250 of the Land Transfer Act 2017 (2017 No 30).

Section 85(1): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 85(2): added, on 21 August 2003, by section 13 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 85(2): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

86 Notation of mineral ownership on land titles

(1)

Any person may apply to the Registrar-General of Land to have entered on any record of title registered or lodged in the office of the Registrar-General of Land for an estate in fee simple, the particulars of the ownership of all or any of the minerals in the land to which the estate in fee simple relates.

(2)

Every application under subsection (1) shall be in the form prescribed under the Land Transfer Act 2017 and shall be lodged with the Registrar-General of Land together with any fee prescribed by regulations under the Land Transfer Act 2017.

(3)

On the lodging with the Registrar-General of Land of—

(a)

an application under subsection (1); or

(b)
[Repealed]

(c)

an instrument evidencing a transfer of or dealing with the ownership of a mineral; or

(d)

an instrument having the effect of alienating land from the Crown,—

the Registrar-General of Land shall ensure, to the extent he or she is able, that the particulars of the ownership of the minerals in the land concerned are entered on every record of title for an estate in fee simple in that land.

(4)

Where the Registrar-General of Land considers that he or she does not have available to him or her sufficient information on the ownership of the minerals in any land to carry out his or her duty under subsection (3), he or she may require the deposit of such plans or the supply of such information as he or she considers reasonably necessary, together with such further fees as may be prescribed by regulations under the Land Transfer Act 2017. Unless the Registrar-General of Land otherwise directs in any particular case, such plans or information shall not be accepted by the Registrar-General of Land until they have been certified as correct by the Surveyor-General.

(5)

[Repealed]

Section 86(1): amended, on 12 November 2018, by section 250 of the Land Transfer Act 2017 (2017 No 30).

Section 86(1): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 86(2): amended, on 12 November 2018, by section 250 of the Land Transfer Act 2017 (2017 No 30).

Section 86(2): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 86(3): amended, on 12 November 2018, by section 250 of the Land Transfer Act 2017 (2017 No 30).

Section 86(3): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 86(3)(b): repealed, on 21 August 2003, by section 14(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 86(4): amended, on 12 November 2018, by section 250 of the Land Transfer Act 2017 (2017 No 30).

Section 86(4): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 86(5): repealed, on 12 November 2018, by section 250 of the Land Transfer Act 2017 (2017 No 30).

87 Certified copies of documents to be evidence

(1)

The Registrar-General of Land shall, on payment of any fee prescribed by regulations under the Land Transfer Act 2017, provide to any person so applying a certified copy of any document that has been lodged with and recorded by the Registrar-General of Land under this Part.

(2)

Any such certified copy that is signed by the Registrar-General of Land and sealed with his or her seal shall be received in evidence for all purposes for which the document might be put in evidence.

Section 87 heading: amended, on 21 August 2003, by section 15(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 87(1): amended, on 12 November 2018, by section 250 of the Land Transfer Act 2017 (2017 No 30).

Section 87(1): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 87(1): amended, on 21 August 2003, by section 15(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 87(2): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 87(2): amended, on 21 August 2003, by section 15(3) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

88 Recorded documents to be open for search
[Repealed]

Section 88: repealed, on 12 November 2018, by section 250 of the Land Transfer Act 2017 (2017 No 30).

89 Revision of records

(1)

On the receipt by the Registrar-General of Land of any notice of revocation of or surrender of a permit, the Registrar-General of Land shall, without payment of a fee, sign and seal on the notice a statement of the time and date of receipt, note the particulars on his or her record copy of the permit affected, and attach the notice to that record copy.

(2)

This section applies only to permits lodged before 21 August 2003.

Section 89(1): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 89(2): added, on 21 August 2003, by section 17 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 89(2): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Subpart 2—Decommissioning of petroleum infrastructure and wells

Subpart 2: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89A Application of this subpart

This subpart applies to—

(a)

a permit holder:

(b)

any person who applies for a permit before commencement if the application has not been determined on commencement:

(c)

a licence holder:

(d)

a person who transfers a permit or licence or all or part of a participating interest in a permit or licence on or after commencement, and a person to whom the permit or licence or all or part of a participating interest is transferred:

(e)

a person who on commencement held a permit which has subsequently expired, been surrendered, or revoked (former permit holder):

(f)

a person who on commencement held a licence which has subsequently expired, been surrendered, or revoked (former licence holder).

Section 89A: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89B Relationship between this subpart and other enactments

(1)

This subpart does not limit or affect any person’s obligations under another enactment (for example, the Resource Management Act 1991, the Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf (Environmental Effects) Act 2012, or the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015).

(2)

Any requirement under this subpart for a person to supply information does not replace or limit any requirement for that person to supply information under other provisions in this Act or another enactment.

(3)

An exemption granted under this subpart from complying with a decommissioning requirement under this subpart does not exempt the person from complying with another enactment.

Section 89B: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89C Relationship between sections 42B and 42C, this subpart, and existing conditions of permits and licences

(1)

If the requirements of sections 42B and 42C and this subpart (the provisions) duplicate or overlap with those conditions of a permit or licence imposed before commencement, the provisions and any conditions imposed under this subpart prevail, in the event and to the extent of any inconsistency between this subpart and the conditions imposed before commencement.

(2)

On commencement, each permit and licence is deemed to contain a condition that repeats the provisions of subsection (1).

Section 89C: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89D Interpretation

In this subpart, unless the context otherwise requires,—

commencement, in relation to any provision in this subpart, means the day on which that provision commences

current licence holder means the holder of a licence that is in force

current permit holder means the holder of a current permit

licence means a prospecting licence or a mining licence granted under Part 1 of the Petroleum Act 1937 to prospect or mine for petroleum

permit means a permit to explore for petroleum or a petroleum mining permit granted under this Act

petroleum infrastructure has the meaning set out in section 89F

plugging and abandonment, in relation to a well, has the meaning set out in section 89Q

well

(a)

means a borehole drilled or re-entered for the purposes of exploring for, appraising, or extracting petroleum; and

(b)

includes—

(i)

any borehole used for injection or reinjection purposes; and

(ii)

any down-hole pressure-containing equipment; and

(iii)

the wellhead; and

(iv)

any other prescribed thing

wellhead means any pressure-containing equipment on top of the well.

Section 89D: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89E Decommissioning

(1)

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, decommissioning, in relation to any petroleum infrastructure or a well,—

(a)

means an activity undertaken under any enactment (for example, the Resource Management Act 1991, the Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf (Environmental Effects) Act 2012, or the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015), and in accordance with any requirements or standards set by or under that enactment or imposed by a regulatory agency, to take out of service permanently petroleum infrastructure or a well used for prospecting or exploring for, or mining of, petroleum; and

(b)

includes (without limitation) and to the extent required by this Act or another enactment or by standards or by a regulatory agency,—

(i)

removing petroleum infrastructure; and

(ii)

plugging and abandoning a well; and

(iii)

undertaking site restoration when production of a well ceases (for whatever reason); and

(iv)

any other prescribed activity in relation to any petroleum infrastructure, or well drilled for the purposes of exploring or prospecting for, or mining of, petroleum.

(2)

However, if in relation to petroleum infrastructure, no other enactment, relevant standard, or requirement by a regulatory agency contains any requirements or standards relating to the method of decommissioning a particular item of petroleum infrastructure, that infrastructure must be decommissioned by totally removing it.

(3)

Despite subsection (2), an item of infrastructure left in place in accordance with a process set out in the regulations (if any) must be treated as having been decommissioned.

Section 89E: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89F Petroleum infrastructure

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, petroleum infrastructure

(a)

means—

(i)

a structure (within the meaning of section 101A) or vessel used onshore or offshore for the purpose of exploring for, or mining of, or processing, petroleum—

(A)

up until the point when the petroleum enters infrastructure used by a person other than a current permit holder or licence holder; and

(B)

up until the point when the infrastructure is used for distributing or transporting the petroleum, or otherwise ceases to be part of the system for producing petroleum:

(ii)

any equipment attached to, or used in connection with, a structure, well, vessel, or site, including cables, pipelines, flow-lines, gas lift lines, umbilicals, manifolds, and moorings:

(iii)

any other prescribed thing or class of thing used in connection with, prospecting or exploring for, or mining of, petroleum; but

(b)

does not include—

(i)

a well:

(ii)

any unmoored ship:

(iii)

any vehicle:

(iv)

any other prescribed thing or class of thing.

Section 89F: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89G Conditions relating to decommissioning

(1)

This section applies—

(a)

if the Minister, on or after commencement, grants a permit:

(b)

if the Minister, on or after commencement, consents to the transfer of all or part of a participating interest in a permit under section 41 of this Act or consents to the transfer of a licence or all or part of a participating interest in a licence under the Petroleum Act 1937 (as preserved by clause 12(1)(a) of Schedule 1 of this Act), as the case requires:

(c)

at any time on or after commencement while a permit or licence (whenever granted) is in force.

(2)

The Minister may (on the grant of a permit, or on giving consent to the transfer of a licence or all or part of a participating interest in a permit or licence, or on giving consent to a change of control, or when agreeing or determining the amount or kind of financial security required, or when specifying a timetable for decommissioning, or if the permit or licence holder consents) impose or vary conditions on the permit or licence holder in relation to the decommissioning of petroleum infrastructure or a well.

Section 89G: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89H Meaning of relevant older petroleum infrastructure

(1)

In this subpart, relevant older petroleum infrastructure

(a)

means,—

(i)

in relation to a current or former permit holder, petroleum infrastructure—

(A)

put in place or used by a permit holder or licence holder (whether the current permit holder or a different permit holder or licence holder) under a permit that was exchanged for the current permit or the former permit under section 32 of this Act or otherwise exchanged on the same day (for example, as evidenced by any notation on a document linking an exploration permit to a current mining permit); and

(B)

that was in place at the time the exchange occurred:

(ii)

also, in relation to a current or former permit holder, petroleum infrastructure put in place or used by a permit holder or licence holder (whether the current permit holder or a different permit holder or licence holder)—

(A)

in a part of the permit area or licence area of any former holder’s permit or licence that was subsequently relinquished or surrendered and included on the same day in the permit area of the current permit or included on the same day in a previous permit area or licence area and then subsequently included in the permit area of the current permit; or

(B)

anywhere outside the permit area or licence area, but used solely to facilitate activities conducted in the permit or licence area to be relinquished or surrendered:

(iii)

in relation to a current or former licence holder, petroleum infrastructure—

(A)

put in place or used by a licence holder (whether the current licence holder or a different licence holder) under a licence that was exchanged for the current licence or the former licence under section 9(3) or sections 11 and 12, or any other relevant provisions, of the Petroleum Act 1937 (as they read at the time of the exchange) or otherwise exchanged on the same day; and

(B)

that was in place at the time the exchange occurred:

(iv)

also, in relation to a current or former licence holder, petroleum infrastructure put in place or used by a licence holder (whether the current licence holder or a different licence holder)—

(A)

in a part of the licence area or licence area of any former licence holder that was subsequently surrendered and included on the same day in the licence area of the current licence or included on the same day in a previous licence area and then subsequently included in the licence area of the current licence; or

(B)

anywhere outside the licence area, but used solely to facilitate activities conducted in the licence area to be surrendered:

(v)

also includes any class, or item, of petroleum infrastructure declared by the regulations, in relation to a class of, or individual, permit or licence holders, to be relevant older petroleum infrastructure (irrespective of whether any of the preceding paragraphs apply to the class or item of petroleum infrastructure); but

(b)

excludes any class, or item, of petroleum infrastructure declared by the regulations, in relation to a class of, or individual, current permit or licence holders, not to be relevant older petroleum infrastructure (irrespective of whether any of the preceding subparagraphs apply to the class or item of petroleum infrastructure).

(2)

In this section and section 89I,—

(a)

any reference to a permit or a former permit includes a permit or former permit of any kind:

(b)

any reference to a licence or former licence includes a licence or former licence of any kind.

Section 89H: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89I Meaning of relevant older well

In this subpart, relevant older well

(a)

means,—

(i)

in relation to a current or former permit holder, a well—

(A)

drilled or used by a permit holder or licence holder (whether the current permit holder or a different permit holder or licence holder) under a permit or licence that was exchanged for the current permit under section 32 of this Act or otherwise exchanged on the same day (for example, as evidenced by any notation on a document linking an exploration permit to a mining permit); and

(B)

that was in place at the time the exchange occurred:

(ii)

also, in relation to a current or former permit holder, a well drilled or used by a permit holder or licence holder (whether the current permit holder or a different permit holder or licence holder)—

(A)

in a part of the permit area or licence area of any former holder’s permit or licence that was subsequently relinquished or surrendered and included on the same day in a permit area of the current permit or included on the same day in a previous permit area or licence area and then subsequently included in the permit area of the current permit; or

(B)

anywhere outside the permit area or licence area, but used solely to facilitate activities conducted in the permit or licence area to be relinquished or surrendered:

(iii)

in relation to a current or former licence holder, a well—

(A)

drilled or used by a licence holder (whether the current licence holder or a different licence holder) under a licence that was exchanged for the current licence under section 9(3) or sections 11 and 12, or any other relevant provisions, of the Petroleum Act 1937 (as they read at the time of the exchange) or otherwise exchanged on the same day; and

(B)

that was in place at the time the exchange occurred:

(iv)

also, in relation to a current or former licence holder, any well put in place or used by the current licence holder or a different licence holder—

(A)

in a part of the licence area or licence area of any former holder’s licence that was subsequently surrendered and included on the same day in the licence area of the current licence or included on the same day in a previous licence area and then subsequently included in the licence area of the current licence; or

(B)

anywhere outside the licence area, but used solely to facilitate activities conducted in the licence area to be surrendered:

(v)

any well included in the permit area of a current licence or permit that was used to delineate or appraise a deposit or occurrence of petroleum that the current permit or licence relates to (whether that well was drilled under the current licence or permit or a former licence or permit):

(vi)

also any class of well or individual well declared in the regulations, in relation to a class of, or individual, permit or licence holders, to be a relevant older well (irrespective of whether any of the preceding subparagraphs apply to the class of well or individual well); but

(b)

excludes any class of well declared by the regulations, in relation to a class of current permit or licence holders, not to be a relevant older well (irrespective of whether any of the preceding subparagraphs apply to the class of well or individual well).

Section 89I: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Decommissioning obligations for petroleum infrastructure

Heading: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89J Obligations of permit holders, transferors, and transferees: decommissioning of petroleum infrastructure

(1)

A person who holds or will hold a permit at the time the obligation to decommission is required to be completed must carry out, and meet the costs of, the decommissioning of all petroleum infrastructure—

(a)

put in place or used for the purposes of carrying out, or otherwise related to, activities authorised by the current permit (whenever granted), and all relevant older petroleum infrastructure; and

(b)

in a case where only part of the permit area is to be relinquished or surrendered, located in the area of the permit that is to be relinquished or surrendered, and all relevant older petroleum infrastructure.

(2)

A person with a participating interest in a permit (whenever granted) who transfers all or any part of their participating interest in the permit on or after commencement, but before decommissioning is completed, must meet the costs of decommissioning all petroleum infrastructure—

(a)

that is—

(i)

put in place or used for the purposes of carrying out, or otherwise related to, activities authorised by the current permit:

(ii)

relevant older petroleum infrastructure; and

(b)

that is in place when consent to the transfer is given under section 41.

(3)

Subsection (2) does not apply in respect of all or any part of a participating interest in a permit that is transferred to the Minister.

(4)

A transfer of a participating interest in a permit is effective on and after the date of the Minister’s consent to that transfer under section 41.

(5)

Subsections (1), (2), and (4) are subject to sections 89L and 89M.

Section 89J: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89K Obligations of licence holders, transferors, and transferees: decommissioning of petroleum infrastructure

(1)

A person who holds or will hold a licence at the time the obligation to decommission is required to be completed must carry out, and meet the costs of, the decommissioning of all petroleum infrastructure—

(a)

put in place or used for the purpose of carrying out, or otherwise related to, activities authorised by the current licence (whenever granted), and all relevant older petroleum infrastructure; and

(b)

in a case where only part of the licence area is to be surrendered, located in the area of the licence that is to be surrendered, and all relevant older petroleum infrastructure.

(2)

A licence holder or any person with a participating interest in a licence who transfers the licence, or all or any part of their participating interest in the licence, on or after commencement but before decommissioning is completed must meet the costs of decommissioning all petroleum infrastructure—

(a)

that is—

(i)

put in place or used for the purposes of carrying out, or otherwise related to, activities authorised by the licence:

(ii)

relevant older petroleum infrastructure; and

(b)

that is in place when consent to the transfer is given under the Petroleum Act 1937 (as preserved by clause 12(1)(a) of Schedule 1 of this Act).

(3)

Subsection (2) does not apply in respect of a licence, or all or any part of a participating interest in a licence, that is transferred to the Minister.

(4)

A transfer of a licence or a participating interest in a licence is effective on settlement of the agreement to transfer the licence or the interest in the licence.

(5)

Subsections (1), (2), and (4) are subject to sections 89L and 89M.

Section 89K: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89L Further obligations on transferors and transferees and Minister

(1)

This section applies to—

(a)

a person (person A) who, on or after commencement, intends to transfer a licence or all or any part of a participating interest in a permit or a licence; and

(b)

a person (person B) who intends to acquire, on or after commencement from person A, a licence or all or any part of a participating interest in a permit or licence; and

(c)

the Minister.

(2)

Person A continues (to the extent provided in section 89M) to be liable for meeting the costs of decommissioning any petroleum infrastructure—

(a)

that is—

(i)

put in place or used for the purpose of carrying out, or otherwise related to, activities authorised by the permit or licence:

(ii)

relevant older petroleum infrastructure; and

(b)

that is in place when consent to the transfer is given under section 41 of this Act or under the Petroleum Act 1937 (as preserved by clause 12(1)(a) of Schedule 1 of this Act), as the case requires.

(3)

The Minister, before consenting to the transfer of a licence or a participating interest in a permit or licence, must be satisfied that person B has, in accordance with the directions of the Minister,—

(a)

entered into a financial security (with all the other persons with a participating interest in the licence or permit) that a permit holder or licence holder is required to obtain and maintain in accordance with sections 89ZL to 89ZR and within the time specified by the Minister; or

(b)

become a party to an existing financial security (entered into by all the other persons with a participating interest in the licence or permit) that was entered into previously in accordance with those sections, and within the time specified by the Minister.

(4)

A financial security referred to in subsection (3) may also be designed and operate to satisfy the requirements of section 89T(3).

(5)

If person B fails to comply with subsection (3),—

(a)

to the extent provided in section 89M, person A continues to be liable to meet the costs incurred in meeting the decommissioning obligations under this subpart in relation to the licence or participating interest in the licence or permit; and

(b)

person A must be treated as continuing to be the holder of the licence or the participating interest in the permit or licence that was the subject of the transfer.

Section 89L: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89M Extent of liability of former permit and licence holders under sections 89J(2) and 89K(2)

(1)

One or more persons who are liable to meet the costs of decommissioning under section 89J(2) or 89K(2) are only liable to meet those costs if, or to the extent that, those costs are not met by the persons referred to in section 89J(1) or 89K(1).

(2)

Persons who are liable to meet the costs of decommissioning that are not met by the persons referred to in section 89J(1) or 89K(1) are liable, in the following order of priority, to meet those costs:

(a)

the former licence or permit holder or person with a participating interest in a licence or permit (person B) who most recently transferred their licence or participating interest in the licence or permit to a person (person A) who is the current licence holder or a current holder of a participating interest in the permit or licence (as the case requires):

(b)

if there are still any unpaid decommissioning costs, the person (person C) who most recently after person B transferred the licence or a participating interest in the licence or permit to another person (as the case requires):

(c)

if there are still any unpaid decommissioning costs, the person (person D) who most recently after person C transferred the licence or a participating interest in the licence or permit to another person (as the case requires):

(d)

if there are still any unpaid decommissioning costs, the person (person E) who most recently after person D transferred the licence or a participating interest in the licence or permit to another person (as the case requires):

(e)

if there are still unpaid decommissioning costs, and there are still earlier former licence holders or former holders of a participating interest in a permit or licence, then those persons are liable, in an order of priority consistent with the formula in paragraphs (a) to (d), for the unpaid decommissioning costs.

Section 89M: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89N When decommissioning obligations of persons under section 89J, 89K, or 89L arise

(1)

Any person liable to carry out, or meet the costs of, decommissioning petroleum infrastructure, or both, under section 89J, 89K, or 89L, must carry out their obligations before the earliest of the following:

(a)

in a case where production permanently ceases in the area of the current permit or licence before the permit or licence expires,—

(i)

by a date or dates agreed with the Minister for the completion of the decommissioning and the completion of earlier milestones in the decommissioning process; or

(ii)

if there is no such agreed date or dates, by a date that is 2 years before the expiry of the current licence or permit, by a date or dates specified by the Minister by notice in writing to the person:

(b)

the expiry or surrender of the current permit or licence:

(c)

in a case where only part of the current permit area or licence area is to be relinquished or surrendered, before the Minister approves the partial relinquishment or surrender of the permit under section 35C or 40 of this Act or the partial surrender of a licence under the Petroleum Act 1937 (as preserved under clause 12(a) of Schedule 1 of this Act):

(2)

However, if a permit or licence is revoked, the person who held the permit or licence immediately before it was revoked must carry out their decommissioning obligations under this subpart by a time agreed with, or specified by, the Minister.

(3)

To avoid doubt,—

(a)

the obligations imposed by subsections (1) and (2) continue in force even if—

(i)

the relevant permit or licence has expired or has been surrendered or revoked:

(ii)

the relevant person has ceased to be a permit or licence holder or the holder of any participating interest in a licence or permit; and

(b)

a person may carry out their obligations under subsections (1) and (2) even if their permit or licence has expired, or has been revoked, or, as the case requires, relinquished or surrendered.

(4)

A permit holder or licence holder also acts in breach of their decommissioning obligations if they—

(a)

give notice under section 42C(3) (notice of cessation of production); but

(b)

fail within a period after that notice agreed with the Minister, or in the event that there is no agreement, within a period after that notice specified by the Minister, to complete milestones agreed or specified under subsection (1)(a) to decommission the petroleum infrastructure for which they will be responsible for decommissioning, or fail to obtain an extension to that date or those dates from the Minister.

(5)

A certificate issued by the chief executive as to the date when decommissioning obligations took effect under this section—

(a)

must be given to the person who has those obligations as soon as practicable after they take effect; and

(b)

is conclusive evidence in any proceedings under this Act, in the absence of proof to the contrary, of when those obligations took effect.

Section 89N: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89O Criteria for agreeing or setting time frames for decommissioning

When considering under section 89N what date or dates for decommissioning are to be agreed, or specified, by the Minister, the Minister must consider—

(a)

the size of the field to be decommissioned:

(b)

the complexity of the required decommissioning:

(c)

the subpart 2 decommissioning plan:

(d)

the decommissioning cost estimate:

(e)

the estimated date on which production in the field will cease:

(f)

the time required to comply with requirements under other enactments before decommissioning can commence or be completed:

(g)

any other matters the Minister considers relevant.

Section 89O: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89P Joint and several liability

(1)

Subsection (2) applies if section 89J applies and there is a permit holder who is 2 or more persons.

(2)

Each person to whom this subsection applies is jointly and severally liable to perform the obligations of the permit holder in carrying out, and meeting the costs of, decommissioning petroleum infrastructure.

(3)

Subsection (4) applies if section 89K applies and there is a licence holder who is 2 or more persons.

(4)

Each person to whom this subsection applies is jointly and severally liable to perform the obligations of the licence holder in relation to carrying out, and meeting the costs of, decommissioning petroleum infrastructure.

Section 89P: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Plugging and abandonment of wells

Heading: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89Q What is plugging and abandonment of well

A well is plugged and abandoned when—

(a)

the well is sealed in order to make it permanently inoperable; and

(b)

the sealing is conducted in accordance with any relevant enactment or standard, and the requirements of any regulatory authority; and

(c)

the wellhead is removed; and

(d)

any remediation of the site required by another enactment is completed; and

(e)

any other prescribed action required to plug and abandon the well is completed.

Section 89Q: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Decommissioning obligations in relation to wells

Heading: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89R Obligations of permit holders, transferors, and transferees: decommissioning of wells

(1)

A person who holds or will hold a permit at the time the obligation to plug and abandon 1 or more wells is required to be completed must carry out, and meet the costs of, the plugging and abandoning of all wells—

(a)

drilled or used for the purposes of carrying out, or otherwise related to, activities authorised by the current permit (whenever granted), and all relevant older wells; and

(b)

in a case where only part of the permit area is to be relinquished or surrendered, located in the area of the permit that is to be relinquished or surrendered, and all relevant older wells.

(2)

A person with a participating interest in a permit (whenever granted) who transfers all or any part of their interest in the permit on or after commencement, but before decommissioning is completed, must meet the costs of plugging and abandoning all wells—

(a)

that are—

(i)

drilled or used for the purposes of carrying out, or otherwise related to, activities authorised by the current permit:

(ii)

relevant older wells; and

(b)

that are in place when consent to the transfer is given under section 41.

(3)

Subsection (2) does not apply in respect of all or any part of a participating interest in a permit that is transferred to the Minister.

(4)

A transfer of a participating interest in a permit is effective on and after the date of the Minister’s consent to that transfer under section 41.

(5)

Subsections (1) and (2) are subject to sections 89T and 89U.

Section 89R: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89S Obligations of licence holders, transferors, and transferees: decommissioning of wells

(1)

A person who holds or will hold a licence at the time the obligation to plug and abandon 1 or more wells is required to be completed must carry out, and meet the costs of, plugging and abandoning all wells—

(a)

drilled or used for the purposes of, or otherwise related to, activities authorised by the current licence, and all relevant older wells; and

(b)

in a case where only part of the licence area is to be surrendered, located in the area of the licence that is to be surrendered, and all relevant older wells.

(2)

A licence holder or person with a participating interest in a licence who transfers the licence, or all or any part of their participating interest in the licence, on or after commencement but before decommissioning is completed must meet the costs of plugging and abandoning all wells—

(a)

that are—

(i)

drilled or used for the purposes of carrying out activities authorised by, or otherwise related to, the licence:

(ii)

relevant older wells; and

(b)

that are in place when consent to the transfer is given under the Petroleum Act 1937 (as preserved by clause 12(1)(a) of Schedule 1 of this Act).

(3)

Subsection (2) does not apply in respect of any licence or all or part of a participating interest in a licence that is transferred to the Minister.

(4)

A transfer of a licence or a participating interest in a licence is effective on settlement of the agreement to transfer the licence or the interest in the licence.

(5)

Subsections (1) and (2) are subject to sections 89T and 89U.

Section 89S: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89T Further obligations on transferors and transferees and Minister

(1)

This section applies to—

(a)

a person (person A) who, on or after commencement, intends to transfer a licence or all or any part of a participating interest in a permit or a licence; and

(b)

a person (person B) who intends to acquire, on or after commencement, from person A a licence or all or part of a participating interest in a permit or licence.

(2)

Person A continues (to the extent provided in section 89U) to be liable for meeting the costs of plugging and abandoning a well—

(a)

that is—

(i)

put in place or used for the purposes of carrying out, or otherwise related to, activities authorised by the permit or licence:

(ii)

a relevant older well; and

(b)

that is in place when the transfer is consented to under section 41 of this Act or under the Petroleum Act 1937 (as preserved by clause 12(1)(a) of Schedule 1 of this Act), as the case requires.

(3)

The Minister, before consenting to the transfer of a licence or a participating interest in a permit or licence, must be satisfied that person B has, in accordance with the directions of the Minister,—

(a)

entered into a financial security (with all the other persons with a participating interest in the licence or permit) that a permit holder or licence holder is required to obtain and maintain in accordance with sections 89ZL to 89ZR, and within the time specified by the Minister; or

(b)

become a party to an existing financial security (entered into by all the other persons with a participating interest in the licence or permit) that was entered into previously in accordance with those sections, and within the time specified by the Minister.

(4)

A financial security referred to in subsection (3) may also be designed and operate to satisfy the requirements of section 89L(3).

(5)

If person B fails to comply with subsection (3),—

(a)

to the extent provided in section 89U, person A continues to be liable to meet the costs incurred in meeting the decommissioning obligations under this subpart in relation to the licence or participating interest in the licence; and

(b)

person A must be treated as continuing to be the holder of the licence or the participating interest in the permit or licence that was the subject of the transfer.

Section 89T: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89U Extent of liability of former permit and licence holders under sections 89R and 89S

(1)

One or more persons who are liable to meet the costs of plugging and abandonment under section 89R(2) or 89S(2) are only liable to meet those costs if, or to the extent that, those costs are not met by the persons referred to in section 89R(1) or 89S(1).

(2)

Persons who are liable to meet the costs of decommissioning that are not met by the persons referred to in section 89R(1) or 89S(1) are liable, in the following order of priority, to meet those costs:

(a)

the former licence or permit holder or person with a participating interest in a licence or a permit (person B) who most recently transferred their licence or participating interest in the licence or permit to a person (person A) who is the current licence holder or a current holder of a participating interest in the permit or licence (as the case requires):

(b)

if there are still any unpaid decommissioning costs, the person (person C) who most recently after person B transferred the licence or a participating interest in the licence or permit to another person (as the case requires):

(c)

if there are still any unpaid decommissioning costs, the person (person D) who most recently after person C transferred the licence or a participating interest in the licence or permit to another person (as the case requires):

(d)

if there are still any unpaid decommissioning costs, the person (person E) who most recently after person D transferred the licence or a participating interest in the licence or permit to another person (as the case requires):

(e)

if there are still unpaid decommissioning costs, and there are still earlier former licence holders or former holders of a participating interest in a permit or licence, then those persons are liable, in an order of priority consistent with the formula in paragraphs (a) to (d), for the unpaid decommissioning costs.

Section 89U: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89V When decommissioning obligations of permit holders, licence holders, and other persons under section 89R, 89S, or 89T arise

(1)

A person liable to carry out, or meet costs of, plugging and abandoning wells, or both, under section 89R, 89S, or 89T must carry out their obligations before the earliest of the following:

(a)

in a case where production permanently ceases in the area of the current permit or licence before the permit or licence expires,—

(i)

by a date or dates agreed with the Minister for the completion of the decommissioning and the date or dates of completion of earlier milestones in the decommissioning process; or

(ii)

if there is no such agreed date by the date or dates that is 2 years before the expiry of the current licence or permit, by a date or dates specified by the Minister by notice in writing to the person:

(b)

the expiry or surrender of the current permit or licence:

(c)

in a case where only part of the current permit area or licence area is to be relinquished or surrendered, before the Minister approves the partial relinquishment or surrender of the permit under section 35C or 40 of this Act or the partial surrender of a licence under the Petroleum Act 1937 (as preserved under clause 12(a) of Schedule 1 of this Act).

(2)

However, if a permit or licence is revoked, the person who held the permit or licence immediately before it was revoked must carry out their decommissioning obligations under this subpart by a time agreed with, or specified by, the Minister.

(3)

To avoid doubt, the obligations imposed by subsections (1) and (2) continue in force even if—

(a)

the relevant permit or licence has expired or has been surrendered or revoked:

(b)

the relevant person has ceased to be a permit or licence holder or the holder of any participating interest in a licence or permit.

(4)

A permit holder or licence holder also acts in breach of their decommissioning obligations if they—

(a)

give notice under section 42C(3) (notice of cessation of production); but

(b)

fail within a period after that notice agreed with the Minister, or in the event that there is no agreement, within a period after that notice specified by the Minister, to complete milestones agreed or specified under subsection (1)(a) to plug and abandon the well or wells for which they will be responsible for decommissioning, or fail to obtain an extension to that date or those dates from the Minister.

(5)

A certificate issued by the chief executive as to the date when decommissioning obligations took effect under this section—

(a)

must be given to the person who has those obligations as soon as practicable after they take effect; and

(b)

is conclusive evidence, in any proceedings under this Act, in the absence of proof to the contrary, of when those obligations took effect.

Section 89V: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89W Criteria for agreeing or setting time frames for decommissioning of wells

When considering under section 89V what date or dates for decommissioning are to be agreed, or specified, by the Minister, the Minister must consider—

(a)

the size of the field to be decommissioned:

(b)

the complexity of the required decommissioning:

(c)

the subpart 2 decommissioning plan:

(d)

the decommissioning cost estimate:

(e)

the estimated date on which production in the field will cease:

(f)

the time required to comply with requirements under other enactments before decommissioning can commence or be completed:

(g)

any other matters the Minister considers relevant.

Section 89W: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89X Joint and several liability

(1)

Subsection (2) applies if section 89R applies and there is a permit holder who is 2 or more persons.

(2)

Each person to whom this subsection applies is jointly and severally liable to comply with and perform the obligations of the permit holder in relation to carrying out, and meeting the costs of, plugging and abandoning wells.

(3)

Subsection (4) applies if section 89S applies and there is a licence holder who is 2 or more persons.

(4)

Each person to whom this subsection applies is jointly and severally liable to perform the obligations of the licence holder in relation to carrying out, and meeting the costs of, plugging and abandoning wells.

Section 89X: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Exemptions and deferrals

Heading: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89Y Exemption and deferral powers of Minister

(1)

The Minister may, on application or on their own initiative, and if they consider it appropriate,—

(a)

exempt a permit holder or licence holder from the requirements of this subpart to decommission a particular item of petroleum infrastructure or to plug and abandon a particular well; or

(b)

defer the time for complying with an obligation to decommission a particular item of petroleum infrastructure or to plug and abandon a particular well.

(2)

The Minister may—

(a)

grant an exemption or a deferral on any terms and conditions that they consider appropriate:

(b)

amend or revoke an exemption or a deferral:

(c)

grant an exemption for an indefinite or a limited period:

(d)

replace an exemption or a deferral either before or when it expires.

(3)

An application under subsection (1) must be made in the prescribed manner (if any) and be accompanied by the prescribed fee (if any).

(4)

If the Minister grants an exemption or a deferral under this section, the Minister must provide the licence holder or permit holder with reasons for their decision and state them in the notice of exemption or deferral.

(5)

Class exemptions and class deferrals may be granted by regulations (see section 105).

Section 89Y: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89Z Criteria for granting exemption

(1)

Before granting an exemption under section 89Y, the Minister must—

(a)

be satisfied—

(i)

that the requirements are unreasonable or inappropriate in the particular case; or

(ii)

that events have occurred that make the requirements unnecessary or inappropriate in the particular case; or

(b)

be satisfied that the petroleum infrastructure or well in question will be used for a purpose other than exploration for, or mining of, petroleum by the person to be granted the exemption.

(2)

For the purposes of applying subsection (1)(b), the Minister may consider the following matters:

(a)

the ownership of the petroleum infrastructure or well in question:

(b)

any prescribed criteria:

(c)

any other matter the Minister considers relevant.

Section 89Z: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZA Criteria for grant of deferral

(1)

Before granting a deferral under section 89Y, the Minister must be satisfied that it is appropriate in the circumstances to defer the obligation to meet the requirements to a later date in the particular case.

(2)

For the purposes of applying subsection (1), the Minister must consider—

(a)

whether there is economic value to the owners of the petroleum infrastructure or well in deferring the decommissioning of that petroleum infrastructure or plugging and abandoning that well:

(b)

the impact of failing to grant a deferral on the operation of associated petroleum infrastructure and wells:

(c)

any plans for field development:

(d)

the likelihood of an increase or a decrease in the costs of decommissioning during any deferral period, and the extent of that increase, so far as it can be estimated:

(e)

any other matter the Minister considers relevant.

Section 89ZA: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Reporting requirements

Heading: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZB Subpart 2 decommissioning plan

(1)

A person who is, or will be, obliged, under this subpart, to carry out and meet the costs of decommissioning must submit a subpart 2 decommissioning plan to the chief executive—

(a)

at the prescribed times (if any); and

(b)

within a specified time of the occurrence of prescribed events (if any); and

(c)

on request from the Minister, within any reasonable time specified in the request.

(2)

The subpart 2 decommissioning plan must—

(a)

describe the planned decommissioning activities and the processes to be used to carry out those activities, and set out a proposed schedule for those activities; and

(b)

be accurate as at the date of submission to the chief executive; and

(c)

contain the prescribed information (if any); and

(d)

meet any further prescribed requirements.

Section 89ZB: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZC Decommissioning cost estimate

(1)

A person who is, or will be, obliged, under this subpart, to carry out and meet the costs of decommissioning must submit a cost estimate of all anticipated decommissioning work (a decommissioning cost estimate) to the chief executive—

(a)

at the prescribed times (if any); and

(b)

within a specified time of the occurrence of prescribed events (if any); and

(c)

on request from the Minister, within any reasonable time specified in the request.

(2)

The decommissioning cost estimate must—

(a)

comply with the standards prescribed (if any) for developing that estimate; and

(b)

meet any further prescribed requirements.

(3)

The Minister may require any person who submits a cost estimate under subsection (1) to supply further information relating to the cost estimate within a time specified by the Minister.

Section 89ZC: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZD Asset registers to be submitted to chief executive

(1)

A permit holder or licence holder who is obliged, under this subpart, to carry out and meet the costs of decommissioning (A) must submit an asset register to the chief executive—

(a)

at the prescribed times (if any); and

(b)

within a specified time of the occurrence of prescribed events (if any); and

(c)

on request from the Minister, within any reasonable time specified in the request.

(2)

The asset register must—

(a)

be a complete and accurate list of the petroleum infrastructure and wells that A must decommission under sections 89J, 89K, 89R, and 89S; and

(b)

contain the prescribed information (if any); and

(c)

meet any further prescribed requirements.

Section 89ZD: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZE Decommissioning completion report

(1)

A person who is obliged, under this subpart, to carry out and meet the costs of decommissioning must submit a decommissioning completion report to the chief executive—

(a)

at the prescribed times (if any); and

(b)

within a specified time of the occurrence of prescribed events (if any); and

(c)

on request from the Minister, within any reasonable time specified in the request.

(2)

The decommissioning completion report must—

(a)

contain the prescribed information (if any); and

(b)

meet any further prescribed requirements.

Section 89ZE: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Ongoing monitoring of financial position

Heading: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZF Permit and licence holders must provide information needed to monitor financial position

(1)

A permit holder or licence holder (A) who is, or will be, obliged, under this subpart, to carry out and meet the costs of decommissioning must keep a record of any information prescribed by regulations as relevant and reasonably necessary to enable the Minister to monitor A’s financial position (including in relation to financial securities).

(2)

A must submit a copy of the information to the Minister—

(a)

at the prescribed times (if any); or

(b)

on request from the Minister, within any reasonable time specified in the request.

(3)

The Minister may, by written notice, require the person to provide any further information that the Minister considers relevant and reasonably necessary.

(4)

The person must provide a copy of the information to the Minister—

(a)

in the form and in the manner set out in the notice; and

(b)

within any reasonable time specified in the notice requiring the information.

Section 89ZF: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Financial capability assessments

Heading: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZG Minister may assess financial capability to meet decommissioning obligations

(1)

This section applies to a permit holder or licence holder (A) who is, or will be, obliged, under this subpart, to carry out and meet the costs of decommissioning.

(2)

The Minister may carry out an assessment to determine whether A is highly likely to have the financial capability to carry out and meet the costs of decommissioning (a financial capability assessment).

(3)

The Minister may carry out a financial capability assessment at any time while the relevant permit or licence is in force.

(4)

The Minister may appoint any suitably qualified person to carry out a financial capability assessment on their behalf.

Section 89ZG: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZH Criteria for considering whether to carry out financial capability assessment

When considering whether to carry out a financial capability assessment under section 89ZG, the Minister may take into account—

(a)

information received under the following:

(i)

section 42B (field development plan):

(ii)

section 89ZB (decommissioning plan):

(iii)

section 89ZC (decommissioning cost estimate):

(iv)

section 89ZD (asset register):

(v)

section 89ZF (information needed to monitor financial position); and

(b)

the circumstances of the particular permit holder or licence holder; and

(c)

any information relating to current or emerging risks to the permit holder’s or licence holder’s ability to comply with their obligations under this subpart; and

(d)

any other matters the Minister considers relevant.

Section 89ZH: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZI Process for carrying out financial capability assessment

When carrying out a financial capability assessment under section 89ZG, the Minister—

(a)

may take into account information received under the following:

(i)

section 42B (field development plan):

(ii)

section 89ZB (subpart 2 decommissioning plan):

(iii)

section 89ZC (decommissioning cost estimate):

(iv)

section 89ZD (asset register):

(v)

section 89ZF (information needed to monitor financial performance); and

(b)

may take into account any other information the Minister considers relevant; and

(c)

must meet the prescribed requirements (if any).

Section 89ZI: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZJ Minister must notify outcome of financial capability assessment

As soon as practicable after a financial capability assessment under section 89ZG is completed, the Minister must notify the permit holder or licence holder of—

(a)

the Minister’s conclusion as to whether they are highly likely to have the financial capability to carry out and meet the costs of decommissioning; and

(b)

the reasons for that conclusion.

Section 89ZJ: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZK Relevant persons must provide supporting information

(1)

This section applies to—

(a)

a permit holder or licence holder who may be subject to a financial capability assessment under section 89ZG; and

(b)

any other person the Minister considers is likely to hold information that is relevant and reasonably necessary to carry out the financial capability assessment (for example, parent companies, banks, or auditors).

(2)

The person must keep a record of any information prescribed by regulations as relevant and reasonably necessary to enable the Minister to carry out a financial capability assessment.

(3)

The person must provide a copy of the information to the Minister—

(a)

on or before the prescribed time (if any); or

(b)

on request from the Minister, within any reasonable time specified in the request.

(4)

The Minister may, by written notice, require the person to provide any further information that the Minister considers relevant and reasonably necessary to carry out the financial capability assessment.

(5)

The person must provide a copy of the information to the Minister—

(a)

in the form and in the manner set out in the notice; and

(b)

within any reasonable time specified in the notice requiring the information.

(6)

To avoid doubt, information gathered under this section is subject to section 90A (disclosure of information).

Section 89ZK: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Financial securities

Heading: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZL Permit and licence holders must hold 1 or more financial securities

(1)

A person who holds a permit or a licence (whenever granted) must obtain and maintain 1 or more financial securities, of a kind, and in an amount, determined by the Minister under section 89ZN(1), as security for the performance of their obligations under this subpart in the event that the permit holder or licence holder fails to carry out, or separately meet the costs of, the decommissioning.

(2)

The Minister must, as soon as is reasonably practicable after commencement, give each permit holder or licence holder a notice requiring them—

(a)

to advise the chief executive in the prescribed manner (if any), by a specified date, of the kind of security, and the proposed amount to be secured, that the permit holder or licence holder considers appropriate; and

(b)

to provide any information specified by the Minister to enable the Minister to make decisions on those matters.

(3)

However, if the permit or licence holder already maintains a financial security of the kind referred to in subsection (1) when they receive notice under subsection (2), they may propose that the Minister approve the continuation of that security (with or without modifications) as the Minister’s determination under subsection (1).

(4)

The permit holder must provide the information referred to in subsection (2)(b) and any proposal under subsection (3)—

(a)

in the form and manner set out in the notice; and

(b)

within any reasonable time set out in the notice requiring the information.

(5)

Any financial security referred to in this section is obtained or maintained on behalf of the Crown.

(6)

To avoid doubt, information gathered under this section is subject to section 90A (disclosure of information).

Section 89ZL: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZM Matters to which Minister must have regard in setting kind and amount of security

(1)

The Minister must, when determining the amount to be secured and the kind of security to be obtained by a permit holder or licence holder, take into account—

(a)

the information (if any) provided by the permit holder or licence holder under section 89ZL(2)(b) and any proposal under section 89ZL(3):

(b)

the prescribed criteria (if any) relating to particular kinds and amounts of financial security (including any prescribed hierarchy of securities and whether there is a preferred kind of security in the particular situation):

(c)

the following:

(i)

the estimated cost of decommissioning:

(ii)

the extent to which the amount to be secured will cover the estimated cost of decommissioning:

(iii)

the extent to which the kind of security to be required will ensure that the Crown will obtain payment of the amount in the event the permit holder or licence holder fails to carry out the decommissioning or separately meet those costs:

(d)

the circumstances of the particular permit holder or licence holder:

(e)

the time needed for the particular permit holder or licence holder to comply with their obligations under this subpart, and the time when work will need to start in order to achieve this:

(f)

the estimated administration costs to the particular permit holder or licence holder of meeting and maintaining the security for the required period (including the costs of maintaining any possible increase in the amount required to be secured while the security is in place):

(g)

any information relating to current or emerging risks to the permit holder’s or licence holder’s ability to comply with their obligations under this subpart:

(h)

the conclusions of the most recent financial capability assessment (if any):

(i)

any other matters the Minister considers relevant.

(2)

The Minister may require a permit holder or licence holder to give the Minister any information that the Minister considers will assist them in determining what kind of financial security should be obtained and the amount to be secured.

(3)

The permit holder or licence holder must provide the information—

(a)

in the form and in the manner set out in the notice; and

(b)

within any reasonable time specified in the notice requiring the information.

Section 89ZM: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZN Decision of Minister

(1)

The Minister, after following the processes set out in sections 89ZL and 89ZM, must—

(a)

determine—

(i)

the kind of security to be obtained, or entered into, by the permit holder or licence holder; and

(ii)

the amount to be secured; and

(b)

impose any conditions of the financial security that the Minister considers appropriate.

(2)

Before making a determination under subsection (1), the Minister must be satisfied that it complies with the prescribed criteria (if any) relating to particular kinds and amounts of financial security to be obtained and maintained.

(3)

The Minister may also direct how the security must be held, in accordance with the prescribed requirements (if any).

(4)

If the security required is in the form of a bond or a cash deposit paid to the chief executive,—

(a)

if the security relates to a participating interest in a permit, section 97 (except subsection (4)) applies:

(b)

if the security relates to a licence or a participating interest in a licence, section 47H of the Petroleum Act 1937 (as preserved by clause 12(1)(a) of Schedule 1 of this Act) applies.

(5)

If the security required is in the form of a bond or cash or a cash deposit held either in accordance with section 97 or separately by a third party (for example, in an escrow account), the permit holder or licence holder may, with the consent of the Minister, use a part or all of those amounts to carry out the decommissioning to which that security relates.

(6)

The Minister must give the permit holder or licence holder a notice of the Minister’s decision specifying—

(a)

the kind of financial security to be obtained:

(b)

the amount to be secured:

(c)

the time by which it must be obtained:

(d)

if applicable, how it is to be held:

(e)

a summary of the reasons for the Minister’s decision.

Section 89ZN: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZO Alteration of amount secured or kind of security required

(1)

The Minister may, at any time,—

(a)

require a permit holder or licence holder referred to in section 89ZL(1) to increase the amount for which security is held:

(b)

allow a permit holder or licence holder referred to in section 89ZL(1) to reduce the amount for which security is held:

(c)

require the permit holder or licence holder referred to in section 89ZL(1) to alter the kind of security that is held.

(2)

When exercising a power conferred by subsection (1), the Minister must take into account the matters referred to in section 89ZM(1)(b) to (j).

Section 89ZO: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZP Minister must notify required changes in kind of security or amount secured

(1)

The Minister must, after exercising a power under section 89ZO(1)(a), (b), or (c), give the affected permit holder or licence holder written notice of the required or permitted changes to the kind of security to be obtained and maintained or the amount secured and, in a case where section 89ZO(1)(a) or (c) applies, the time by which the permit holder or licence holder must do this.

(2)

The notice must be accompanied by reasons for the required change.

Section 89ZP: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZQ Permit holder or licence holder may object to kind of security or amount set or required change to those matters

(1)

A permit holder or licence holder who receives written notice under section 89ZN(4) or 89ZP(1) may within 30 working days of receiving that notice object to the required security or the required change, as the case requires, by notice in writing to the Minister.

(2)

A notice of objection under subsection (1) must be accompanied by reasons for, and evidence or other information supporting, the objection and refer to the criteria in section 89ZM that the objector considers relevant.

(3)

If a permit holder or licence holder makes an objection under subsection (1), they cannot make any subsequent objection to the required security or required change described in the notice unless there is a change in circumstances.

Section 89ZQ: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZR What happens if permit holder or licence holder makes objection

(1)

If a permit holder or licence holder makes an objection under section 89ZQ, the Minister must—

(a)

give the permit holder or licence holder an opportunity to be heard; and

(b)

consider and determine the objection within a reasonable time after its receipt.

(2)

The Minister must—

(a)

dismiss the objection; or

(b)

uphold the objection in whole or in part.

(3)

Not later than 30 working days after deciding whether to uphold an objection, the Minister must send to the permit holder or licence holder—

(a)

a copy of the decision, which must include the reasons for the decision; and

(b)

written notice of any required or permitted changes to the kind of security to be obtained and maintained or the amount secured, as the case requires; and

(c)

if paragraph (b) applies, and the changes are required changes, the time by which the permit holder or licence holder must comply with the changes referred to in paragraph (b).

Section 89ZR: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Subpart 4—Enforcement, remedies, and appeals

Subpart 4: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZC Application of this subpart

This subpart applies in relation to any contravention or alleged contravention of this Act or the regulations.

Section 89ZZC: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZD Chief executive or enforcement officer may accept enforceable undertakings

(1)

The chief executive or an enforcement officer may accept an enforceable undertaking given by a person in writing in connection with a matter relating to a contravention or an alleged contravention by the person of this Act or the regulations.

(2)

The giving of an enforceable undertaking does not constitute an admission of guilt by the person giving it in relation to the contravention or alleged contravention to which the undertaking relates.

Compare: 2015 No 70 s 123

Section 89ZZD: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZE Notice of decision and reasons for decision

The chief executive or enforcement officer must give the person seeking to make an enforceable undertaking written notice of—

(a)

their decision to accept or reject the undertaking; and

(b)

the reasons for the decision.

Compare: 2015 No 70 s 124

Section 89ZZE: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZF When enforceable undertaking is enforceable

An enforceable undertaking takes effect and becomes enforceable when the chief executive’s or enforcement officer’s decision to accept the undertaking is given to the person who made the undertaking, or at any later date specified by the chief executive or enforcement officer.

Compare: 2015 No 70 s 125

Section 89ZZF: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZG Compliance with enforceable undertaking

(1)

A person must not contravene an enforceable undertaking given by that person that is in force.

(2)

A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $200,000.

Compare: 2015 No 70 s 126

Section 89ZZG: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZH Contravention of enforceable undertaking

(1)

The chief executive or an enforcement officer may apply to the District Court for an order referred to in subsection (2) if a person contravenes an enforceable undertaking.

(2)

If the court is satisfied that the person who made the enforceable undertaking has contravened the undertaking, the court may make either or both of the following orders:

(a)

an order directing the person to comply with the undertaking:

(b)

an order discharging the undertaking.

(3)

In addition to the orders referred to in subsection (2), the court may make any other order that the court considers appropriate in the circumstances, including orders directing the person to pay the department that, with the authority of the Prime Minister, is responsible for the administration of this Act—

(a)

the costs of the proceedings; and

(b)

the reasonable costs of the chief executive or the enforcement officer in monitoring compliance with the enforceable undertaking in the future.

(4)

This section does not prevent proceedings being brought for the contravention or alleged contravention of this Act or regulations to which the enforceable undertaking relates.

Compare: 2015 No 70 s 127

Section 89ZZH: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZI Withdrawal or variation of enforceable undertaking

(1)

A person who has given an enforceable undertaking may at any time, with the written agreement of the chief executive,—

(a)

withdraw the undertaking; or

(b)

vary the undertaking.

(2)

However, the provisions of the undertaking cannot be varied to provide for a different alleged contravention of this Act or regulations.

Compare: 2015 No 70 s 128

Section 89ZZI: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZJ Proceedings for alleged contravention

(1)

Subject to this section, no proceedings (whether civil or criminal) for a contravention or an alleged contravention of this Act or regulations may be brought against a person if an enforceable undertaking is in effect in relation to that contravention.

(2)

No proceedings may be brought for a contravention or an alleged contravention of this Act or regulations against a person who—

(a)

has made an enforceable undertaking in relation to that contravention; and

(b)

has completely discharged the enforceable undertaking.

(3)

The chief executive or an enforcement officer may accept an enforceable undertaking in relation to a contravention or an alleged contravention before proceedings in relation to that contravention have been completed.

(4)

If the chief executive or an enforcement officer accepts an enforceable undertaking before the proceedings are completed, the chief executive or an enforcement officer must take all reasonable steps to have the proceedings discontinued as soon as practicable.

Compare: 2015 No 70 s 129

Section 89ZZJ: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Compliance notices

Heading: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZK Power to issue compliance notices

(1)

This section applies if the chief executive or an enforcement officer reasonably believes that a person—

(a)

is contravening a provision of this Act or the regulations; or

(b)

is likely to contravene a provision of this Act or the regulations.

(2)

The chief executive or enforcement officer may issue a compliance notice requiring the person to—

(a)

remedy the contravention; or

(b)

prevent a likely contravention from occurring; or

(c)

remedy the things or activities causing the contravention or likely to cause a contravention.

(3)

The chief executive or enforcement officer may issue a compliance notice only, if in the opinion of the chief executive or enforcement officer,—

(a)

the contravention or likely contravention is or would be sufficiently serious to justify the issue of a compliance notice; or

(b)

there has been a repeated contravention or a repetition of behaviour that is likely to lead to a contravention occurring; or

(c)

the contravention or behaviour likely to lead to a contravention has been committed intentionally or recklessly or involves negligence on the person’s part.

(4)

However, each of the criteria specified in subsection (3)(a) to (c) may be considered on the basis of the information readily available to the chief executive or enforcement officer, and the chief executive or enforcement officer need not make further enquiries before applying those criteria.

Compare: 2015 No 70 s 101

Section 89ZZK: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZL Content of compliance notices

(1)

A compliance notice must state—

(a)

that the chief executive or an enforcement officer believes, on reasonable grounds, that the person—

(i)

is contravening a provision of this Act or the regulations; or

(ii)

is likely to contravene a provision of this Act or the regulations; and

(b)

the provision the chief executive or enforcement officer believes, on reasonable grounds, is being, or is likely to be, contravened; and

(c)

briefly, how the provision is being, or is likely to be, contravened; and

(d)

a period within which the person is required to remedy—

(i)

the contravention or likely contravention; or

(ii)

the things or activities causing the contravention or likely to cause a contravention.

(2)

A compliance notice may include recommendations concerning—

(a)

the measures that could be taken to remedy the contravention, or prevent the likely contravention, to which the notice relates:

(b)

the things or activities causing the contravention, or likely to cause a contravention, to which the notice relates.

Compare: 2015 No 70 s 102

Section 89ZZL: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZM Compliance with compliance notice

(1)

A person who has been issued with a compliance notice must comply with the notice within the period specified in the notice.

(2)

A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding $200,000.

(3)

However, in a prosecution for an offence against subsection (2), the defendant has a defence if they prove that they had a reasonable excuse for failing to comply with the compliance notice within the required period.

(4)

It is not an offence to fail to comply with recommendations in a compliance notice.

Compare: 2015 No 70 s 103

Section 89ZZM: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZN Extension of time for compliance with compliance notices

(1)

This section applies if a person has been issued with a compliance notice.

(2)

The chief executive or enforcement officer may, on their own initiative or on the application of the person, by written notice given to the person, extend the compliance period for the compliance notice.

(3)

However, the chief executive or enforcement officer may extend the compliance period only if the period has not ended.

(4)

If a person applies for an extension of time for complying with a compliance notice not less than 2 weeks before the time for compliance expires but a decision has not been made on the application before the time for compliance expires, the period for compliance is deemed to be extended for a period of 2 weeks, to enable a decision on extension to be made within that period.

(5)

In this section, compliance period

(a)

means the period stated in the compliance notice under section 89ZZL(1); and

(b)

includes any extension of that period under this section.

Compare: 2015 No 70 s 104

Section 89ZZN: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

General provisions

Heading: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZO General provisions relating to compliance notices

(1)

A compliance notice must be in writing.

(2)

A compliance notice may be addressed to any person under the person’s legal name or usual business name.

Compare: 2015 No 70 s 112

Section 89ZZO: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZP Changes to notice by chief executive or enforcement officer

The chief executive or an enforcement officer (as the case may be) may make minor changes to a compliance notice—

(a)

for clarification; or

(b)

to correct errors or references; or

(c)

to reflect changes of address or other circumstances.

Compare: 2015 No 70 s 113

Section 89ZZP: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZQ Chief executive or enforcement officer may vary or cancel compliance notice

Except as provided in section 89ZZP, a compliance notice issued by the chief executive or an enforcement officer may be varied or cancelled only by the chief executive or the enforcement officer.

Compare: 2015 No 70 s 114

Section 89ZZQ: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZR Formal irregularities or defects in compliance notice

A compliance notice is not invalid merely because of—

(a)

any defect, irregularity, omission, or want of form in the compliance notice unless the defect, irregularity, omission, or want of form causes or is likely to cause a miscarriage of justice; or

(b)

a failure to use the correct name of the person to whom the compliance notice is issued if the notice sufficiently identifies the person and is issued to the person in accordance with section 89ZZS.

Compare: 2015 No 70 s 115

Section 89ZZR: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZS Issue of compliance notice

(1)

A compliance notice may be issued to a person by—

(a)

delivering it to the person or, if the person refuses to accept it, bringing it to the person’s notice; or

(b)

leaving it for the person at the person’s last known place of residence with another person who appears to be of or over the age of 16 years; or

(c)

leaving it for the person at the person’s place of business or work with another person; or

(d)

sending it to the person by prepaid post addressed to the person’s last known place of residence or place of business or work; or

(e)

sending it to an electronic address of the person in any case where the person does not have a known place of residence or business in New Zealand.

(2)

Regulations may prescribe the steps a person to whom a compliance notice is issued must take to bring it to the attention of other persons.

(3)

A compliance notice—

(a)

posted under subsection (1)(d) is to be treated as having been received by the person on the fifth working day after the day on which it was posted:

(b)

delivered electronically under subsection (1)(e) is to be treated as having been received at the time the electronic communication first entered an information system that is outside the control of the chief executive or an enforcement officer.

Compare: 2015 No 70 s 116

Section 89ZZS: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Civil proceedings for non-compliance with compliance notices

Heading: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZT Civil proceedings relating to non-compliance with compliance notice

(1)

On an application by the chief executive or an enforcement officer, the District Court may make an order—

(a)

compelling a person to comply with a compliance notice; or

(b)

restraining a person from contravening a compliance notice.

(2)

The court may make an order—

(a)

under subsection (1)(a), if it is satisfied that the person has refused or failed to comply with a compliance notice:

(b)

under subsection (1)(b), if it is satisfied that the person has contravened, is contravening, or is likely to contravene a compliance notice.

(3)

The courts may make an order under subsection (2) whether or not proceedings have been brought for an offence against this Act or regulations in connection with any matter in relation to which the compliance notice was issued.

Compare: 2015 No 70 s 122

Section 89ZZT: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Pecuniary penalties

Heading: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZU Reasonable mistake defence in pecuniary penalty proceedings

(1)

Every person has a defence to proceedings for pecuniary penalties under section 89ZZV, in connection with a breach of this Act, if the person proves that—

(a)

the breach was due to a reasonable mistake or due to events outside of the person’s control; and

(b)

the breach was remedied (to the extent that it could be remedied) as soon as practicable after the breach was discovered by the person or brought to the person’s notice; and

(c)

the person has compensated or offered to compensate any person who has suffered loss or damage by that breach.

(2)

For the avoidance of doubt, a mistake does not include a mistake of law or a mistake in the interpretation of any enactment or of any document.

Section 89ZZU: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZV Pecuniary penalties

(1)

A court of competent jurisdiction may, on the application of the chief executive, order a person to pay to the Crown the pecuniary penalty that the court determines to be appropriate if the court is satisfied that the person—

(a)

has contravened any of the following provisions:

(i)

sections 89J and 89K (which require the decommissioning of petroleum infrastructure):

(ii)

sections 89R and 89S (which require the plugging and abandoning of wells):

(iii)

section 89ZL (which requires the establishment and maintenance of an adequate financial security):

(iv)

section 89ZV (which requires the making of post-decommissioning payments or the taking out of a financial security):

(b)

has attempted to contravene such a provision; or

(c)

has aided, abetted, counselled, or procured any other person to contravene such a provision; or

(d)

has induced, or attempted to induce, any other person, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, to contravene such a provision; or

(e)

has been in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, the contravention by any other person of such a provision; or

(f)

has conspired with any other person to contravene such a provision.

(2)

In determining an appropriate penalty under this section, the court must have regard to all relevant matters, in particular,—

(a)

the nature and extent of the contravention; and

(b)

the nature and extent of any loss or damage suffered by any person because of the contravention; and

(c)

any gains made or losses avoided by the person in contravention; and

(d)

the circumstances in which the contravention took place (including whether the contravention was intentional, inadvertent, or caused by negligence).

(3)

The amount of any pecuniary penalty must not, in respect of each act or omission, exceed,—

(a)

in the case of an individual, $500,000; or

(b)

in the case of a body corporate, the greater of—

(i)

$10 million (or, in the case of a contravention referred to in subsection (1)(a)(iv), $5 million); or

(ii)

either—

(A)

if it can readily be ascertained and if the court is satisfied that the contravention resulted in a cost to the Crown or another person to remedy the effects of the contravention, 3 times the commercial gain; or

(B)

if the commercial gain cannot be readily ascertained, 10% of the turnover of the person and all its interconnected bodies corporate (if any) in each accounting period during which the contravention occurred.

(4)

Proceedings under this section may be commenced within 3 years after the matter giving rise to the contravention was discovered or ought reasonably to have been discovered.

(5)

Where conduct by any person constitutes a contravention of 2 or more provisions referred to in subsection (1)(a), proceedings may be instituted under this Act against that person in relation to the contravention of any 1 or more of the provisions; but no person is liable to more than 1 pecuniary penalty under this section in respect of the same conduct.

Compare: 2003 No 52 s 107A

Section 89ZZV: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZW Proceedings for pecuniary penalties

In any proceedings under this subpart for a pecuniary penalty,—

(a)

the standard of proof is the standard of proof that applies in civil proceedings; and

(b)

the chief executive may, by order of the court, obtain discovery and administer interrogatories.

Compare: 2003 No 52 s 107B

Section 89ZZW: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Criminal liability for knowingly failing to carry out certain obligations

Heading: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZX Criminal liability for knowingly failing to carry out certain obligations

(1)

This section applies to a person (A) if A is liable for 1 or more of the following (A’s decommissioning obligations):

(a)

carrying out or meeting the costs (or both) of decommissioning petroleum infrastructure under section 89J or 89K by the time A is required to do so under section 89N:

(b)

carrying out or meeting the costs (or both) of plugging and abandoning wells under section 89R or 89S by the time A is required to do so under section 89V.

(2)

A commits an offence if they do an act, fail to act, or engage in a course of conduct knowing that the act, failure to act, or course of conduct will result in A not being able to meet A’s decommissioning obligations.

(3)

If A is a permit holder or licence holder that is a body corporate who, during the period while they are a current permit or licence holder commits an offence under subsection (2), any person who is a director of A when A commits the offence also commits an offence.

(4)

If A is a body corporate who commits an offence under subsection (2) in relation to decommissioning obligations under section 89N(2) or 89V(2) (which impose decommissioning obligations when a permit or licence is revoked), any person who is a director of A when A commits the offence also commits an offence).

(5)

A person who commits an offence under this section is liable on conviction,—

(a)

in the case of an individual, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years, or a fine not exceeding $1 million, or both; and

(b)

in any other case, the greater of the following:

(i)

a fine not exceeding $10 million:

(ii)

a fine not exceeding 3 times the cost of decommissioning.

(6)

Proceedings under this section may be commenced within 3 years after the matter giving rise to the offence was discovered or ought reasonably to have been discovered.

Section 89ZZX: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZY Defence to criminal liability for directors

(1)

In any proceeding against a director under section 89ZZX(3), it is a defence if the director proves that—

(a)

A took all reasonable steps to ensure A would meet A’s decommissioning obligations; or

(b)

the director took all reasonable steps to ensure that A would meet A’s decommissioning obligations; or

(c)

in the circumstances, the director could not reasonably have been expected to take steps to ensure that A would meet A’s decommissioning obligations.

(2)

In this section,—

A has the meaning set out in section 89ZZX

A’s decommissioning obligations has the meaning set out in section 89ZZX.

Section 89ZZY: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Relationship between pecuniary penalties and criminal liability

Heading: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZZ Relationship between pecuniary penalties and criminal liability

(1)

A criminal proceeding for an offence may be commenced against a person in relation to particular conduct whether or not a proceeding for a pecuniary penalty has been commenced against the person in relation to the same conduct.

(2)

A proceeding for a pecuniary penalty against a person in relation to particular conduct is stayed if a criminal proceeding against the person for that conduct results in a conviction.

Section 89ZZZ: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Restrictions on indemnities and insurance

Heading: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZZA Restriction on indemnities

(1)

A body corporate must not indemnify any director, employee, or agent, or former director, employee, or agent, of the body corporate or of any related body corporate (person C) in respect of—

(a)

any pecuniary penalty imposed on person C under this Act; or

(b)

any costs incurred by person C in defending any civil proceedings in which the pecuniary penalty referred to in paragraph (a) is imposed.

(2)

An indemnity given in contravention of subsection (1) is void.

(3)

In this section and section 89ZZZB, indemnify includes relieve or excuse from liability, whether before or after the liability arises, and indemnity has a corresponding meaning.

Compare: 2003 No 52 s 107D

Section 89ZZZA: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZZB Restriction on insurance

No person may enter into a contract of insurance that indemnifies or purports to indemnify a person (person C) in respect of—

(a)

any pecuniary penalty imposed on person C under this Act; or

(b)

any costs incurred by person C in defending any civil proceedings in which the pecuniary penalty referred to in paragraph (a) is imposed.

Compare: 2003 No 52 s 107E

Section 89ZZZB: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Subpart 5—Crown liability

Subpart 5: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

89ZZZC Effects of subparts 2 and 3 on Crown liability

(1)

Subparts 2 and 3 of this Part (which deal with decommissioning and post-decommissioning obligations) do not require the Crown to undertake or pay for the decommissioning of petroleum infrastructure or wells or post-decommissioning work.

(2)

Subsection (1) does not extinguish or otherwise affect any liability the Crown may have under any other enactment, rule of law, or agreement.

Section 89ZZZC: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 18 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Subpart 6—Offences and miscellaneous

Subpart 6 heading: inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 19 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Registers, records, and use of information

Heading: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 43 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

90 Permit holder records and reports

(1)

Each permit holder must keep detailed records and reports in respect of all prospecting, exploration, mining, decommissioning activities, and post-decommissioning activities conducted by or on behalf of the permit holder—

(a)

in accordance with the conditions of the permit and the regulations; and

(b)

in a form that is readily accessible at all reasonable times by the chief executive or any person authorised in writing by the chief executive.

(1A)

Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), the records and reports required to be kept include—

(a)

financial records, including any financial records required to be kept and retained under the Tax Administration Act 1994:

(b)

commercial records, including any feasibility studies:

(c)

scientific and technical records:

(d)

any calculations made in support of the above records:

(e)

records, reports, statements, or any other documentation or information required under other legislation, if regulations made under this Act prescribe that they must be retained for the purposes of this Act:

(f)

any other records or reports prescribed by regulations.

(2)

Each permit holder must provide to the chief executive, in accordance with the conditions of the permit and the regulations, a copy of the records and reports required to be kept under subsection (1) and, on the expiry of whichever of the periods referred to in subsection (6) first occurs, the chief executive must send a copy of those records and reports to the person designated by the Minister for the purposes of this subsection.

(3)

If requested by the chief executive to do so, a permit holder must provide to the chief executive—

(a)

a copy of any report made by or for the permit holder in respect of any activities under the permit:

(b)

a report on any specified aspect of the permit holder’s activities under the permit.

(4)

When part of a permit is relinquished under section 35B or 35C or surrendered under section 40, the permit holder must provide to the chief executive separate copies of all geological, geophysical, and other reports previously provided to, or requested by, the chief executive under subsections (1) to (3), showing, separately, details in respect of the area of land in respect of which the relinquishment or surrender occurred.

(5)

If a permit is revoked or transferred to the Minister under section 39, the person who (immediately before the permit was revoked or transferred) was the permit holder must provide to the chief executive any report, document, or other information as required by the regulations.

(6)

The information supplied by a permit holder under subsections (1) to (3), other than information in relation to permits specified in subsection (7), must be made available by the chief executive to any person who requests it, on the payment of a reasonable charge for the costs incurred in making the information available, on and from the earliest of the following events:

(a)

the expiry of 5 years from the date on which the information was obtained by the permit holder:

(b)

the expiry of the permit and every subsequent permit in respect of that permit (in so far as the information relates to land covered by both the initial and any subsequent permit):

(c)

if the permit holder surrenders the permit and is concurrently granted (under section 36(2)(b)) an extension of land for an equivalent permit and the extension includes land to which the surrendered permit applied, the expiry of the extended permit and every subsequent permit in respect of the extended permit (in so far as the information relates to land covered by the surrendered permit, the extended permit, and any subsequent permit in respect of the extended permit).

(7)

The information supplied by a permit holder under subsections (1) to (3) in respect of a prospecting permit for petroleum, or a non-exclusive prospecting permit for a mineral other than petroleum, must be made available by the chief executive to any person who requests it, on the payment of a reasonable charge for the costs incurred in making the information available, on and from the earlier of the following events:

(a)

the expiry of 15 years from the date on which the information was obtained by the permit holder:

(b)

the conclusion of a public tender process for exploration permits to the extent that the information relates to land to which the public tender relates, except if the public tender process concludes earlier than 5 years from the date on which the information was obtained by the permit holder, in which case, the expiry of the 5 years.

(8)

Despite subsection (7), all information provided under subsections (1) to (3) to the chief executive by a non-exclusive petroleum prospecting permit holder who is determined to be a speculative prospector under section 90C must be made available by the chief executive to any person who requests it on or after the expiry of 15 years after the date on which the information was obtained by the permit holder.

(8A)

The chief executive may, but is not required to, publish on an Internet site maintained by the chief executive or in any other way the chief executive considers appropriate all or any of the information supplied under this section, at any time after the information is required to be made available under any of subsections (6) to (8).

(9)

The Minister, the chief executive, or an enforcement officer may use information supplied under this section at any time before or after the information is required to be made available under any of subsections (6) to (8) for the purpose of exercising any power or performing any function conferred on the person by or under this Act.

(10)

Section 90A applies to any information that, because of its use in accordance with subsection (8A) or (9), is disclosed.

(11)

Nothing in this section requires the chief executive to send, make available, publish, or otherwise disclose any records, reports, information, or returns—

(a)

under sections 42B, 42C, 89ZF, 89ZK, 89ZB, 89ZC, 89ZD, 89ZE, 89ZL, 89ZM, 89ZY, and 89ZZ:

(b)

relating to the calculation and payment of royalties by permit holders.

Section 90: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 43 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 90(1): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 20(1) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53)

Section 90(1A): inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 20(2) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 90(8A): inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 20(3) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 90(10): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 20(4) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 90(11): replaced, on 2 December 2021, by section 20(5) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

90A Disclosure of information

(1)

The Minister, an appropriate Minister, the chief executive, or any enforcement officer must not disclose any information provided under or for the purposes of any of sections 23A, 24, 32, 33A to 33D, 35, 35A, 36 to 38, 41 to 41C, 42, 42B, 42C, 46, 61, 61B, 61C, 89ZC, 89ZD, 89ZE, 89ZF, 89ZL, 89ZM, 89ZY, 89ZZ, 89ZZH, 90, 99E, and 99F unless—

(a)

the disclosure is for the purposes of, or in connection with, the performance or exercise of any function, duty, or power conferred or imposed by or under this Act on the Minister, the chief executive, or any enforcement officer; or

(b)

the information is publicly available; or

(c)

the disclosure is with the consent of the person to whom the information relates, or to whom the information is confidential; or

(d)

the disclosure is in connection with proceedings, or any investigation or inquiry for proceedings, for an offence against this Act or any other enactment; or

(e)

disclosure is required by another enactment; or

(ea)

disclosure is authorised under section 90(8A); or

(f)

disclosure is required by a court of competent jurisdiction; or

(g)

the information is disclosed to a regulatory agency under section 90E.

(2)

Any information that is disclosed under subsection (1)(a) for the purposes of, or in connection with, the Minister’s function of attracting permit applications under section 5(a) must be disclosed only to external advisers to the Minister.

(3)

All disclosures that are made under subsection (1)(a) to an external adviser to the Minister must be made on a confidential basis.

Section 90A: replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 43 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 90A(1): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 21(1) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 90A(1): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 21(2) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 90A(1)(ea): inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 21(3) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

90B Disclosure and publication of mineral resources and mineral production information

(1)

Every holder of a permit must provide to the chief executive all information in connection with mineral resources and mineral production that is prescribed as information that must be provided under this section.

(2)

The information must be provided in accordance with the regulations.

(3)

The chief executive may, in accordance with the regulations, publish all, or any part, of the information provided under this section.

(4)

For the purposes of this section, holder of a permit includes every person who is the holder of an existing privilege.

Section 90B: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 43 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

90C Provisions relating to speculative prospectors

(1)

A non-exclusive petroleum prospecting permit holder may apply to the Minister for a determination that the holder is a speculative prospector and, if the Minister is satisfied that the holder is a speculative prospector, the Minister must confer that status on the permit holder effective from the date of conferral.

(2)

An applicant for a non-exclusive petroleum prospecting permit may, at the same time as applying for the permit, apply to the Minister for a determination that, if granted a permit, the applicant will be a speculative prospector and, if the Minister is satisfied that the applicant will be a speculative prospector, the Minister must confer that status on the applicant, effective from the date the permit is granted, if the Minister grants the permit application.

(3)

If a permit holder with speculative prospector status subsequently becomes aware that the holder no longer falls within the definition of a speculative prospector, the holder must notify the Minister as soon as practicable and in any case not later than 10 working days after the date on which the holder becomes aware of that fact.

(4)

If the Minister, having previously determined that a permit holder is a speculative prospector, subsequently considers that the permit holder’s business activities are not consistent with those of a speculative prospector (for example, because the holder is providing or selling data on an exclusive basis to 1 petroleum explorer), the Minister may, by notice in writing to the permit holder, remove the permit holder’s status as a speculative prospector.

(5)

Before removing a permit holder’s status under subsection (4), the Minister must—

(a)

inform the permit holder of his or her intention and provide an opportunity for the permit holder to comment; and

(b)

consider any representations made by the permit holder.

(6)

If a permit holder notifies the Minister under subsection (3) or the Minister removes a permit holder’s status as a speculative prospector under subsection (4), section 90(7) applies in relation to all records and reports provided by the permit holder to the chief executive, irrespective of whether the records and reports were obtained before or after the loss or removal of status.

(7)

In this Act, speculative prospector means a non-exclusive petroleum prospecting permit holder who carries out activities under the permit for the sole purpose of on-selling the information obtained on a non-exclusive basis to petroleum explorers and producers.

Section 90C: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 43 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

90D Treatment of speculative prospecting information purchased or licensed by permit holder

(1)

If a permit holder purchases or licenses information that relates to the permit from a speculative prospector, for the purposes of section 90, the information must be treated as records or reports in respect of activities conducted by or on behalf of the permit holder.

(2)

However, when providing the information to the chief executive under section 90(2), the permit holder must clearly identify that the information was obtained by a speculative prospector.

(3)

Despite section 90(6) and (7), information to which this section applies must be made available by the chief executive to any person who requests it on or after the expiry of 15 years after the date on which the information was obtained by the speculative prospector.

(4)

A permit holder must, if requested to do so, provide evidence to satisfy the chief executive that any information supplied to him or her by the permit holder under section 90 was purchased or licensed information from a speculative prospector.

Section 90D: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 43 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

90E Providing information to regulatory agencies

(1)

The Minister, an appropriate Minister, or the chief executive may provide to the health and safety regulator any information, or a copy of any document, that he or she—

(a)

holds in relation to the performance or exercise of his or her functions, duties, or powers under this Act that relate to a permit or an application for a permit; and

(b)

considers may assist the health and safety regulator in the performance or exercise of the regulator’s functions, duties, or powers under any relevant health and safety legislation (as defined in section 16 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015).

(2)

The Minister, an appropriate Minister, or the chief executive may provide to Maritime New Zealand any information, or a copy of any document, that he or she—

(a)

holds in relation to the performance or exercise of his or her functions, duties, or powers under this Act that relate to a permit or an application for a permit; and

(b)

considers may assist the Director of Maritime New Zealand in the performance or exercise of his or her or Maritime New Zealand’s functions, duties, or powers under the Maritime Transport Act 1994.

(3)

The Minister may provide to the Environmental Protection Authority (established by section 7 of the Environmental Protection Authority Act 2011) and to any consent authority any information, or a copy of any document, that the Minister—

(a)

holds in relation to the matters referred to in section 29A(2)(d) (whether obtained under section 24, 29A, or 29B); and

(b)

considers may assist—

(i)

the Environmental Protection Authority in the performance or exercise of its functions, duties, or powers under the Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf (Environmental Effects) Act 2012 or the Resource Management Act 1991; or

(ii)

a consent authority in the performance or exercise of its functions, duties, or powers under the Resource Management Act 1991.

(4)

However, subsections (1) to (3) do not apply to any information obtained under section 90 relating to the calculation and payment of royalties by permit holders.

(5)

A regulatory agency must not disclose any information provided to it under this section to any other person or organisation unless—

(a)

the disclosure is for the purposes of, or in connection with, the performance or exercise of any function, power, or duty conferred or imposed by a specified Act on the regulatory agency; or

(b)

the information is publicly available; or

(c)

the disclosure is with the consent of the person to whom the information relates, or to whom the information is confidential; or

(d)

the disclosure is in connection with proceedings, or any investigation or inquiry for proceedings, for an offence against this Act or any other enactment; or

(e)

disclosure is required by another enactment; or

(f)

disclosure is required by a court of competent jurisdiction.

Section 90E: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 43 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 90E(1): replaced, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

90F Conditions that may be imposed on providing information or documents under section 90E

(1)

A person providing information or documents under section 90E(1), (2), or (3) may impose any conditions in relation to the provision of the information or documents, whether in compliance with a request or otherwise.

(2)

The conditions imposed under this section may include (without limitation) conditions relating to—

(a)

the storing of, use of, or access to anything provided:

(b)

the copying, returning, or disposing of copies of documents provided.

Section 90F: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 43 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

90G Regulatory agency may provide information for purposes of this Act

(1)

A regulatory agency may provide to a recipient specified in subsection (2) any information or a copy of any document that it believes would assist the recipient in the performance or exercise of the recipient’s functions, duties, or powers under this Act.

(2)

The recipients are—

(a)

the Minister:

(b)

an appropriate Minister:

(c)

the chief executive:

(d)

an enforcement officer.

(3)

A regulatory agency may provide to another regulatory agency any information or a copy of any document that it believes would assist that other agency in the performance or exercise of its functions, duties, or powers under a specified Act that relate to activities under or associated with a permit.

(4)

A person or an agency that receives information provided under this section must not disclose the information to any other person or organisation unless—

(a)

the disclosure is made for the purposes of, or in connection with, the performance or exercise of any function, power, or duty conferred or imposed by this Act or a specified Act on the person or agency; or

(b)

the information is publicly available; or

(c)

the disclosure is made with the consent of the person to whom the information relates or to whom the information is confidential; or

(d)

the disclosure is made in connection with proceedings, or any investigation or inquiry for proceedings, for an offence against this Act or any other enactment; or

(e)

the disclosure is required by another enactment; or

(f)

the disclosure is required by a court of competent jurisdiction.

Section 90G: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 43 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

91 Chief executive to keep registers

(1)

The chief executive must keep a register of permits in the form that he or she thinks fit on which is entered brief particulars of all permits, including, in respect of each permit, the name and contact details of the permit participants, the name and contact details of the permit operator, and any changes, transfers, or leases of the permit.

(2)

The chief executive must ensure that the following information is available for public inspection on an Internet site maintained by or on behalf of the chief executive:

(a)

a copy of every permit granted under this Act and all changes to a permit; and

(b)

the register (or a copy of the register) kept under subsection (1); and

(c)

any other prescribed documents.

(3)

The chief executive shall keep such other registers as may be prescribed or as he or she considers necessary.

(4)

The contents of any register kept by the chief executive may be evidenced in any proceedings by a certificate under the hand of the chief executive, and every such certificate shall, in the absence of proof to the contrary, be sufficient evidence of the matters stated therein.

(5)

A certificate under the hand of the chief executive that on a date specified in the certificate the name of any person did not appear in any register as the holder of a permit shall, in the absence of proof to the contrary, be sufficient evidence that the person was not the holder of such a permit on that date.

Section 91 heading: amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 91(1): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 44 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 91(2): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 44 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 91(3): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 91(4): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 91(5): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

91A Correction of errors or omissions

The chief executive may correct any clerical error or omission in a permit document that was made by the department of State that is for the time being responsible for the administration of this Act.

Section 91A: inserted, on 21 August 2003, by section 19 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2003 (2003 No 45).

Section 91A: amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Miscellaneous provisions

92 Permits are not real or personal property

(1)

A permit is neither real nor personal property.

(2)

Except as expressly provided otherwise in the conditions of a permit,—

(a)

on the death of a permit participant, his or her participating interest vests in the personal representative of the permit participant as if the participating interest were personal property, and the personal representative may deal with the participating interest to the same extent as the permit participant would have been able to; and

(b)

on the bankruptcy of an individual who is the holder of a permit, the permit vests in the Official Assignee as if it were personal property, and he or she may deal with the permit to the same extent as the holder would have been able to do so; and

(c)

a permit shall be treated as property for the purposes of the Protection of Personal and Property Rights Act 1988; and

(d)

a permit is personal property for the purposes of the Personal Property Securities Act 1999.

(3)

The holder of a permit may grant a charge over that permit as if it were personal property, but the permit may only be transferred to the chargee, or by or on behalf of the chargee, to the same extent as it could be so transferred by the holder.

(4)

In the case of a participating interest to which subsection (2)(a) applies, the participating interest must be treated as property for the purposes of the distribution of the permit participant’s estate and the permit participant’s personal representative may transfer the participating interest to a beneficiary of the permit participant’s estate without obtaining consent under section 41.

Section 92(2)(a): replaced, on 24 May 2013, by section 45(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 92(2)(c): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 45(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 92(2)(d): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 45(3) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 92(4): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 45(4) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

92A Effect of liquidation or loss of registration of company

(1)

On the liquidation of a permit participant, its participating interest vests in the liquidator as if it were personal property, and the liquidator may deal with the participating interest to the same extent as the permit participant would have been able to.

(2)

On the removal of a permit participant from the New Zealand register under the Companies Act 1993, all participating interests held by the permit participant company vest in the Crown as if they were personal property.

Section 92A: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 46 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

93 Access arrangement does not confer interest

(1)

An access arrangement does not transfer to, or confer on, the permit holder or applicant for a permit an estate or interest in the land to which it relates.

(2)

A right of access obtained by the holder of a permit may, subject to the conditions of the relevant access arrangement, be enjoyed by the holder for the time being of that permit.

94 Officers not to have personal interest

Except as otherwise provided in this Act or in regulations, no person holding any office under, or employed by, the Crown in any capacity in the administration of this Act shall hold, directly or indirectly, any pecuniary interest whatever in any permit.

95 Address for service

(1)

Every permit holder shall give written notification to the chief executive of a physical address in New Zealand to which any notice required to be served on the permit holder under this Part may be sent. A permit holder may change that address to a different physical address in New Zealand at any time by giving written notification to the chief executive of the change.

(2)

Without limiting sections 352 and 353 of the Resource Management Act 1991 (as applied by section 96 of this Act), any notice which is required to be served on a permit holder under this Act may be served by sending the notice by post to the last address notified under subsection (1).

(3)

Every permit participant must give written notice to the chief executive of an address (which may be an email address) and telephone number at which the permit participant can be contacted.

(4)

A permit participant must give written notice to the chief executive of any change to the address or telephone number provided under subsection (3) as soon as reasonably practicable, but no later than 10 working days after the change takes effect.

Section 95(1): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 47(1) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 95(1): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 47(2) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 95(1): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 95(2): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 95(3): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 47(3) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 95(4): inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 47(3) of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

96 Service of documents, etc

Sections 352 and 353 of the Resource Management Act 1991, with the necessary modifications, shall apply in respect of the service of documents and of notices and consents in relation to Maori land under this Act.

97 Application of monetary deposits

(1)

Subject to subsections (2) and (4), Part 7 of the Public Finance Act 1989 shall apply in respect of all money paid to the chief executive in respect of any monetary deposit or bond required or permitted under this Part.

(2)

Any money paid to the chief executive by a person in accordance with this section, together with any accrued interest thereon, may be applied by the Minister, as he or she thinks fit, in or towards the payment of any money payable by the person to the Crown in relation to the permit concerned or in relation to any other permit held by that person.

(3)

Subject to subsections (2) and (5), a permit holder shall, during the currency of a permit in respect of which money is held by the chief executive, be entitled to receive all interest from time to time earned on the money while it is held by the chief executive.

(4)

Subject to subsection (5), on the termination or transfer of any permit in respect of which money is held by the chief executive the following provisions shall apply:

(a)

if the permit holder has substantially complied with the conditions of the permit throughout its currency, he or she shall be entitled to a refund of the deposit, together with all accrued interest thereon, less any amount that has been applied by the Minister in accordance with subsection (2):

(b)

if, in the opinion of the Minister, the permit holder has failed to comply substantially with the conditions of his or her permit, the Minister may direct that the full deposit or such part of it as he or she thinks fit shall be paid into the Departmental Bank Account in respect of outstanding fees, or into a Crown Bank Account in respect of other payments outstanding (including interest payable under section 99J); and in any such case the balance (if any) of the deposit shall be refunded to the permit holder.

(5)

In the case of any monetary deposit or bond held by the chief executive under a financial security required under section 89ZL, the provisions of subsections (3) and (4) apply subject to the following modifications:

(a)

the funds held by the chief executive must not be released until any required decommissioning is completed, unless they are released under section 89ZN(5):

(b)

any interest to be paid to the permit holder must be repaid in 1 lump sum at the time when the principal sum deposited by the permit holder under section 89ZL is refunded.

Section 97(1): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 97(2): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 97(3): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 22(1) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 97(3): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 97(4): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 22(2) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

Section 97(4): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 64 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 97(4)(b): amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 48 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 97(4)(b): amended, on 25 January 2005, pursuant to section 65R(3) of the Public Finance Act 1989 (1989 No 44).

Section 97(5): inserted, on 2 December 2021, by section 22(3) of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

97A Chief executive may prescribe form of certain documents

(1)

The chief executive may prescribe—

(a)

the form and electronic format of any applications, returns, information accompanying any applications or returns, or any other documents that are not otherwise prescribed in regulations made under this Act:

(b)

the manner in which any applications, returns, information, or other documents must be submitted or notified if the manner of submission or notification is not otherwise prescribed in regulations made under this Act.

(2)

For the purposes of subsection (1)(a), the chief executive may prescribe different forms or formats for different classes of permits or minerals.

(3)

The chief executive must publish any form or format prescribed under subsection (1) on an Internet site maintained by or on behalf of the chief executive.

(4)

The production by the chief executive of any document purporting to be a prescribed form or an extract from a prescribed form, or a copy of a form or an extract, is, in all courts and in all proceedings, unless the contrary is proved, sufficient evidence that the form or electronic format was prescribed.

(5)

To avoid doubt, if the chief executive prescribes an electronic format for a form, the chief executive may require any signature on the form to be an electronic signature.

Section 97A: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 49 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

98 Gold fossicking areas (Crown land)

(1)

The appropriate Minister and the Minister may, by notice in the Gazette, jointly designate any area of Crown land as a gold fossicking area, which shall then be open for public fossicking in respect of gold.

(2)

The area and location of every gold fossicking area declared under subsection (1) shall be defined in the notice under that subsection.

(3)

Every person shall have the right to mine for gold in a gold fossicking area by means only of non-motorised hand held tools.

(4)

The designation of an area of land as a gold fossicking area does not prevent or restrict the granting of any permit in respect of that area.

(5)

The Minister may, by notice in the Gazette, revoke any designation of a gold fossicking area.

Section 98 heading: amended, on 24 May 2013, by section 50 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

98A Gold fossicking areas (other land)

(1)

The Minister may, by notice in the Gazette given on the request of a local authority, designate any land owned by the authority as a gold fossicking area.

(2)

The notice must—

(a)

state that the area is open for public fossicking in respect of gold; and

(b)

specify the area and its general location; and

(c)

state that a person has the right to mine for gold in the area by means only of non-motorised hand held tools; and

(d)

state any other terms or conditions that apply when a person is fossicking in the area (as agreed between the Minister and the owner of the land).

(3)

The Minister must revoke a designation made under subsection (1) if requested to do so by the authority.

Section 98A: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 51 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

99 Arbitration

(1)

A reference of a matter to arbitration under section 44 shall be deemed to be a submission within the meaning of the Arbitration Act 1908 and that Act shall apply accordingly.

(2)

Where a dispute is referred to arbitration under this Part, the decision of the arbitrator or arbitrators or umpire shall be final and binding on the parties to the arbitration and the Minister shall take such steps as may be necessary to ensure that effect is given to the decision.

Provisions relating to enforcement officers, auditing, and requiring information

Heading: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 52 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

99A Appointment of enforcement officers

(1)

The chief executive may appoint 1 or more persons who are employees of a government department, a Crown entity, or a local authority to exercise 1 or more of the powers and perform the functions conferred on enforcement officers under this Act.

(2)

The chief executive must supply each enforcement officer with a warrant of authorisation that clearly states the powers and functions of the officer.

(3)

An enforcement officer who exercises, or purports to exercise, a power conferred on the enforcement officer under this Act must carry and produce, if required to do so,—

(a)

his or her warrant of authorisation; and

(b)

evidence of his or her identity.

(4)

An enforcement officer must, on the termination of the enforcement officer’s appointment, surrender his or her warrant to the chief executive.

Section 99A: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 52 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

99B Powers of enforcement officers

(1)

Any enforcement officer, specifically authorised in writing by the Minister to do so, may at all reasonable times go on, into, under, or over any place or structure, except a dwellinghouse or marae, for the purpose of determining whether a permit, this Act, or the regulations are being complied with.

(2)

If the owner or occupier of a place subject to inspection is not present at the time of the inspection, the enforcement officer must leave in a prominent position at the place, or attached to a structure on the place, a written notice showing the date and time of the inspection and the name of the officer carrying out the inspection.

(3)

An enforcement officer may not enter, unless the permission of the landowner is obtained, any land that any other Act states may not be entered without that permission.

(4)

An enforcement officer who exercises the power of inspection under this section may be accompanied by any person or persons reasonably necessary to assist the enforcement officer with the inspection.

(5)

A person who provides assistance under subsection (4) may exercise the powers provided to enforcement officers under subsection (1).

Section 99B: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 52 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

99C Application for warrant for entry to search

(1)

An issuing officer (within the meaning of section 3(1) of the Search and Surveillance Act 2012) may issue a warrant authorising the entry and search of any place, structure, vehicle, or ship if, on an application made in the manner provided in subpart 3 of Part 4 of that Act, he or she is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for believing that there is in, on, under, or over any place, structure, vehicle, or ship anything—

(a)

in respect of which an offence has been or is suspected of having been committed against this Act or the regulations; or

(b)

that will be evidence of an offence against this Act or the regulations; or

(c)

that is intended to be used for the purpose of committing an offence against this Act or the regulations.

(2)

An application may be made under subsection (1) by—

(a)

a constable; or

(b)

an enforcement officer specifically authorised in writing by the Minister to apply for search warrants.

Section 99C: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 52 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 99C(1): amended, on 2 December 2021, by section 23 of the Crown Minerals (Decommissioning and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2021 (2021 No 53).

99D Application of Part 4 of Search and Surveillance Act 2012

Part 4 of the Search and Surveillance Act 2012 (other than sections 118 and 119) applies, with any necessary modifications, in respect of inspections or searches undertaken under this Act by enforcement officers.

Section 99D: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 52 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

99E Auditing

(1)

A person referred to in subsection (2) may carry out an audit of records, kept by or on behalf of the chief executive or a permit holder, for the purpose of obtaining information about the following matters and reporting that information to the chief executive:

(a)

the calculation of mineral resources by a permit holder undertaking mining activities:

(b)

the calculation and payment of the correct amount of royalties due by a permit holder:

(c)

the calculation and payment of any other money payable to the Crown:

(d)

compliance with any prescribed requirement to keep or provide records or other information.

(2)

The following persons may carry out an audit if directed by the chief executive:

(a)

an enforcement officer:

(b)

an independent auditor appointed by the chief executive.

(3)

If the chief executive requires an independent auditor to be appointed, the permit holder must pay the independent auditor’s costs if required to do so by the chief executive.

(4)

However, the chief executive may require the payment of those costs only if the auditor has found material failures in relation to any calculations or payments or the keeping or providing of records or other information by the permit holder.

Section 99E: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 52 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

99F Power to require information

(1)

The Minister, the chief executive, or any enforcement officer may, by written notice, require any person to provide any information that the person giving the notice considers is necessary for any purpose relating to that person’s functions, duties, or powers under this Act or for the administration or enforcement of this Act.

(2)

The information specified in the notice may relate to—

(a)

any aspect of the operation of a permit:

(b)

any commercial agreements or arrangements to which a permit participant is a party.

(3)

Information may be disclosed to the Minister, the chief executive, or an enforcement officer in confidence if—

(a)

a person who is required to provide information under subsection (1) so requests; and

(b)

the Minister, chief executive, or enforcement officer agrees to that request in writing.

(4)

A person required to provide any information under this section must provide the information—

(a)

in the form and in the manner set out in the notice; and

(b)

within any reasonable time specified in the notice requiring the information; and

(c)

free of charge; and

(d)

regardless of whether the Minister, chief executive, or enforcement officer agrees to the information being disclosed in confidence.

Section 99F: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 52 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

99G Protection of persons acting under authority of this Act

(1)

No enforcement officer or person called upon to assist an enforcement officer who does an act, or omits to do an act, when performing a function or exercising a power conferred on that person by or under this Act (other than when exercising powers of inspection or search under sections 99B and 99C) is under any civil or criminal liability in respect of the act or omission, unless the person has acted, or omitted to act, in bad faith.

(2)

Sections 166 and 167 of the Search and Surveillance Act 2012 apply in relation to persons exercising powers of inspection or search under sections 99B and 99C.

Section 99G: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 52 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Royalties and interest

Heading: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 52 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

99H Royalties

Every permit holder must—

(a)

submit royalty returns in accordance with the relevant permit, this Act, and the regulations; and

(b)

pay royalties in accordance with the relevant permit, this Act, and the regulations.

Section 99H: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 52 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

99I Power to amend royalty returns or make default assessment

(1)

If the chief executive is satisfied that the information contained in a royalty return is incorrect, he or she may, at any time, amend the return and any assessment of the permit holder’s liability to pay money to the Crown (an amendment) as he or she thinks fit.

(2)

If a permit holder fails to submit a royalty return when required to do so under this Act, the regulations, or a permit, the chief executive may make an assessment (a default assessment) of the matters that should have been in the permit holder’s royalty return.

(3)

As soon as practicable after making an amendment or a default assessment, the chief executive must notify the permit holder of—

(a)

the particulars of the amendment or default assessment; and

(b)

any grounds or information upon which the amendment or default assessment was based; and

(c)

the right of the permit holder to object (as set out in section 99K).

(4)

If an amendment or a default assessment results in the permit holder owing money to the Crown, the permit holder must pay the amount due within 20 working days after the date on which the permit holder is notified under subsection (3).

(5)

If an amendment shows that a permit holder has overpaid the amount of royalties due, the chief executive must, within 20 working days after the date of the amendment, arrange for a refund to be paid to the permit holder.

(6)

Interest calculated at the Commissioner’s paying rate, as defined in section 120C of the Tax Administration Act 1994, is payable on any amount refunded.

(7)

Despite subsection (1), the chief executive must not make an amendment to a permit holder’s royalty return under this section at any time after the date that is 7 years from the end of the permit year in which the permit holder submitted the return if the amendment would result in an increase in the amount payable to the Crown, unless the chief executive is satisfied on reasonable grounds that the contents of the return—

(a)

are fraudulent or wilfully misleading; or

(b)

do not include an assessment of minerals obtained under the permit through a particular method or from a particular location, and in respect of which an assessment was required to be included in the return.

Section 99I: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 52 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

99J Interest on unpaid money

(1)

If a permit holder does not fully pay, by the due date, all fees and other money payable by the holder to the Crown under this Act or the regulations (the original amount), the chief executive may make a written demand for the payment of interest on the part of the original amount that remains unpaid.

(2)

The permit holder is liable for the interest payable and the interest must be calculated for every month or part of a month after the due date during which the original amount remains unpaid in full.

(3)

Interest must be calculated in accordance with the following formula:

a = b × c
12

where—

a

is the interest payable

b

is any part of the original amount that remains unpaid at the end of the month for which the interest is calculated

c

is the taxpayer’s paying rate, as defined in section 120C of the Tax Administration Act 1994.

(4)

In the case of royalties where the amount payable was assessed or amended under section 99I, interest must be calculated from the date on which the amount of royalties was originally due.

(5)

Any payment the chief executive receives or applies on account of a permit holder’s liability to pay an original amount must first be applied towards payment of the interest.

Section 99J: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 52 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

99K Right to object to amendment or default assessment

(1)

A permit holder may object to an amendment or a default assessment under section 99I.

(2)

An objection must be in writing and received by the chief executive not later than 40 working days after the date on which the permit holder is notified of the amendment or default assessment under section 99I(3).

(3)

The objection must set out the reasons for the objection.

(4)

The chief executive must—

(a)

give the permit holder an opportunity to be heard; and

(b)

consider and determine the objection within 40 working days after its receipt.

(5)

The chief executive must—

(a)

dismiss the objection; or

(b)

uphold the objection in whole or in part.

(6)

Not later than 20 working days after deciding an objection, the chief executive must send to the permit holder—

(a)

a copy of the decision, which must include the reasons for the decision; and

(b)

any amended royalty return or default assessment; and

(c)

notice of the right of the permit holder to appeal (as set out in section 99L).

Section 99K: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 52 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

99L Right of appeal

(1)

A permit holder who has made an objection under section 99K may, in accordance with the rules of court, appeal to the District Court against the chief executive’s determination of the objection.

(2)

An appeal must be made not later than 20 working days after the date on which the permit holder is notified of the chief executive’s decision under section 99K(6).

(3)

The District Court may confirm, reverse, or modify the decision and, if applicable,—

(a)

amend the relevant royalty return or default assessment; and

(b)

specify the amount of any money to be paid by the permit holder to the Crown or to be refunded to the permit holder, as the case may be.

(4)

A decision of the District Court under subsection (3) may be appealed to the High Court, but only if—

(a)

the ground of the appeal is that the decision is erroneous in point of law; or

(b)

the District Court has determined that an amount of money is payable to the Crown and the amount is more than $2,000.

(5)

To avoid doubt, an appeal may be taken under subsection (4) by the permit holder or the chief executive (on behalf of the Crown).

Section 99L: inserted, on 24 May 2013, by section 52 of the Crown Minerals Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 14).

Section 99L(1): amended, on 1 March 2017, by section 261 of the District Court Act 2016 (2016 No 49).

Section 99L(4): amended, on 1 March 2017, by section 261 of the District Court Act 2016 (2016 No 49).

99M Status of original amendment or default assessment

(1)

This section applies to an amendment or a default assessment made by the chief executive under section 99I if the permit holder concerned—

(a)

objects to the amendment or default assessment under section 99K; or

(b)

having made an objection, exercises 1 or more of the appeal rights under section 99L in respect of the determination of the objection.

(2)

If the amendment or default assessment results in the permit holder owing money to the Crown,—

(a)

the amendment or default assessment must be treated as correct and final until the permit holder has exhausted those rights or the time period by which the rights must be exercised has expired and a final decision has been given by the chief executive or a court, as the case may be (final decision); and

(b)

the permit holder must pay the money owing in accordance with sectio